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3303.0 - Causes of Death, Australia, 2006 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 19/03/2008   
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Contents >> Underlying Cause of Death >> Infectious Diseases (A00-B99)

INFECTIOUS DISEASES (A00-B99)

In 2006, Infectious diseases (A00-B99) were the underlying cause of 1,960 registered deaths or 1.5% of all deaths registered in 2006. More males died from Infectious diseases than females in 2006, with 1,037 deaths registered for males and 923 deaths registered for females.


The median age at death from Infectious diseases in 2006 was 78.4 years, slightly less than the median age for total number of deaths which was 80 years. The median age at death from this cause has marginally increased over time, with the median age at death for females consistently recorded as being older than that for males. This trend continued in 2006, with the median age at death 81.6 years for females and 75.4 years for males.


Of those deaths due to Infectious diseases, 1,205 (62%) recorded Septicaemia as the underlying cause of death. The number of deaths attributable to Septicaemia has almost doubled in the 10 years since 1997, when 690 registered deaths contained Septicaemia as the underlying cause of death. Over the same period, Septicaemia has increased from 45% of all Infectious diseases in 1997 to 62% in 2006.


Human Immunodeficiency Virus [HIV] disease (B20-B24) accounted for 100 deaths in total in 2006. The number of deaths with HIV as the underlying cause have gradually decreased over the past ten years, dropping from 229 in 1997. In 2006, more males (90) than females (10) have died from HIV, which is consistent with data from previous years. While still substantial, the disparity between the number of men and women dying from HIV has reduced in the 10 years since 1997. This has been driven by the reduction in the number of males with this underlying cause of death, which has fallen from 214 in 1997 to 90 in 2006. In comparison, the number of females has remained relatively consistent over this period. The median age at death due to HIV was 45.3 years in 2006, slightly less than the median age of 46.2 years in 2005. The median age at death for males was 45.5 years and for females it was 42.0 years.

2.2 Selected Underlying Causes, Infectious Diseases (A00-B99) - 2006

Males
Females
Persons
Proportion of all deaths
Cause of Death and ICD Code
no.
no.
no.
%

CHAPTER I Certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00-B99)
1 037
923
1 960
1.5
Intestinal infectious diseases (A00-A09)
33
52
85
0.1
Other bacterial intestinal infections (A04)
11
12
23
-
Viral and other specified intestinal infections (A08)
13
22
35
-
Diarrhoea and gastroenteritis of presumed infectious origin (A09)
6
16
22
-
Tuberculosis (A15-A19)
30
20
50
-
Respiratory tuberculosis, not confirmed bacteriologically or histologically (A16)
24
13
37
-
Other bacterial diseases (A30-A49)
628
653
1 281
1.0
Streptococcal septicaemia (A40)
8
13
21
-
Other septicaemia (A41)
572
612
1 184
0.9
Bacterial infection of unspecified site (A49)
19
11
30
-
Viral infections of the central nervous system (A80-A89)
22
26
48
-
Slow virus infections of central nervous system (A81)
16
17
33
-
Viral hepatitis (B15-B19)
73
23
96
0.1
Acute hepatitis B (B16)
18
7
25
-
Other acute viral hepatitis (B17)
26
6
32
-
Chronic viral hepatitis (B18)
26
10
36
-
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease (B20-B24)
90
10
100
0.1
Other viral diseases (B25-B34)
11
23
34
-
Viral infection of unspecified site (B34)
5
15
20
-
Sequelae of infectious and parasitic diseases (B90-B94)
97
65
162
0.1
Sequelae of other and unspecified infectious and parasitic diseases (B94)
86
54
140
0.1

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)




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