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8221.3 - Manufacturing Industry, Queensland, 1999-2000  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 30/11/2001   
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ANNUAL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY COLLECTION

The 1999-2000 collection was conducted as a sample survey of approximately 17,000 manufacturing establishments nationally, which were requested to provide data on employment, wages and salaries, turnover, purchases and whether their products were exported. A sub-sample of approximately 7,000 establishments was also asked to provide detailed structural and performance data, and value of sales for commodities produced.


ABOUT THIS ISSUE

The 1999-2000 series of these publications, Manufacturing Industry, Australia (Cat. no. 8221.0) and Manufacturing Industry, [State], (Cat. nos 8221.1-8221.6) will be the last that present data for manufacturing establishments. Future manufacturing collections will no longer collect data from manufacturing establishments. Starting with the 2000-01 manufacturing collection, data will be sought from a sample of approximately 9,000 manufacturing businesses nationally. For more details, see the Appendix.

The ABS continues to use Australian Taxation Office (ATO) information on group employer (GE) registrations to delete from the ABS business register those businesses which have ceased trading or are no longer employing staff. The ABS has for some time used GE information to add new businesses to the business register; however, GE information to delete businesses from the business register was first used for the 1998-99 collection. For more details, see paragraphs 12-14 of the Explanatory Notes.


REGIONAL DATA

For information about the availability of sub-State estimates from the 1999-2000 collection, see paragraph 27 of the Explanatory Notes.


DATA TO BE RELEASED IN OTHER PUBLICATIONS

Detailed manufacturing industry statistics for each State are being released progressively in a series of publications, Manufacturing Industry, [State], 1999-2000 (Cat. nos 8221.1-8221.6). The publication for New South Wales (Cat. no. 8221.1) also contains selected data for the Australian Capital Territory.

Management unit data and a wide range of manufacturing related ABS data, as well as data from other sources, will be presented in the compendium publication Manufacturing, Australia, 2001 (Cat. no. 8225.0), to be released in February 2002. Management unit data at the total manufacturing level are also included in Business Operations and Industry Performance, Australia, 1999-2000 (Cat. no. 8140.0).


MAIN FEATURES


OVERVIEW

Turnover for the year 1999-2000 by manufacturing establishments operating in Queensland was $34,109m, which resulted in an industry value added (IVA) for the year of $9,597m. For turnover, this represents a 6.3% increase in current price terms from the $32,093m recorded for 1998-99. These manufacturing establishments employed 142,100 persons at the end of June 2000 and paid $4,987m in wages and salaries in 1999-2000.

The percentage of Australian manufacturing employment in Queensland at the end of June 2000 was 15.6%, a decrease of 0.1 percentage points on that reported at the end of June 1999. The Queensland industry subdivisions which made a significant contribution to national manufacturing employment at the end of June 2000 at the industry subdivision level were Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing (21.3%), Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing (19.1%), Other manufacturing (18.9%), Wood and paper product manufacturing (18.6%) and Metal product manufacturing (18.0%).

The percentage contribution by Queensland to total Australian manufacturing turnover and IVA in 1999-2000 was 14.9% and 14.0% respectively. This represents an increase of 0.3 percentage points on the contribution reported in 1998-99 for both turnover and IVA. The Queensland subdivisions which made a significant contribution to national manufacturing turnover and IVA in 1999-2000 at the industry subdivision level were also Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing (20.1% and 19.5% respectively), Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing (19.4% and 16.4% respectively), Metal product manufacturing (18.9% and 18.5% respectively), Other manufacturing (16.5% and 18.1% respectively) and Wood and paper product manufacturing (15.6% and 16.0% respectively).


INDUSTRY VALUE ADDED

IVA for 1999-2000 was $9,597m. The industry subdivisions with the largest contribution to total manufacturing IVA and the most notable industry classes (where publishable) or groups within those subdivisions (as a percentage of Queensland's total manufacturing IVA) were:

  • Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing (24.4%), where the industry classes Meat processing (ANZSIC Class 2111 at 6.8%) and Sugar manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2171 at 3.5%), industry group Beverage and malt manufacturing (ANZSIC Group 218 at 3.4%) and industry classes Food manufacturing n.e.c. (ANZSIC Class 2179 at 1.5%), Fruit and vegetable processing (ANZSIC Class 2130 at 1.4%), Biscuit manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2163 at 1.2%) and Bread manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2161 at 1.1%) were the most substantial.
  • Metal product manufacturing (20.5%), where the industry group Basic non-ferrous metal manufacturing (ANZSIC Group 272 at 7.3%) and industry classes Structural steel fabricating (ANZSIC Class 2741 at 2.5%), Architectural aluminium product manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2742 at 2.0%), Fabricated metal product manufacturing n.e.c. (ANZSIC Class 2769 at 1.7%) and Basic iron and steel manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2711 at 1.1%) were the most substantial.
  • Machinery and equipment manufacturing (14.0%), where the industry classes Railway equipment manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2823 at 1.5%), Agricultural machinery manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2861 at 1.2%) and Mining and construction machinery manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2862 at 1.2%) were the most substantial.
  • Petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing (11.1%), where the industry classes Paint manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2542 at 1.2%) and Plastic injection moulded product manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2566 at 1.1%) were the most substantial.

Graph - Distribution of IVA and employment across industries


Industry classes making a notable contribution to industry value added and not included in the subdivisions listed above included industry classes Newspaper printing or publishing (ANZSIC Class 2421 at 5.1%), Printing (ANZSIC Class 2412 at 2.5%), Wooden furniture and upholstered seat manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2921 at 1.9%), Wooden structural component manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2323 at 1.8%) and Concrete product manufacturing n.e.c. (ANZSIC Class 2635 at 1.6%).

The Queensland manufacturing industry subdivisions in 1999-2000 with the highest IVA per person employed were Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing at $107,800 per person employed and Petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing (at $95,900).


EMPLOYMENT AND WAGES

The Queensland manufacturing industry employed 142,100 persons at the end of June 2000 and paid $4,987m in wages and salaries in 1999-2000. This represents an average of $35,100 paid in annual wages and salaries per person employed at the end of June 2000, an increase of 4.7% on the $33,500 recorded twelve months earlier. (Readers should note that the employment figure in this average measures the number of persons employed at the end of June and includes working proprietors. The wages and salaries figure excludes the drawings of working proprietors).

Graph - Employment, end of June, 1995 to 2000


Queensland manufacturing employment decreased from June 1995 (143,700 persons) to June 1996 (138,100 persons), then increased each year to June 1999 (144,400 persons) before decreasing by 1.6% or 2,300 persons between June 1999 and June 2000 (142,100 persons). Over the five years from June 1995 to June 2000, employment decreased by 1.1% or 1,600 persons.

Between June 1999 and June 2000, employment decreased in five of the nine manufacturing industry subdivisions and increased in the other four. The industry subdivision to record the largest absolute decrease and second largest percentage decrease was Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing (down 2,200 persons or 5.9%). Petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing (down 6.3% or 800 persons) recorded the largest percentage decrease and second highest absolute decrease. The industry subdivisions with the largest percentage increases were Other manufacturing (up 5.5% or 500 persons) and Printing, publishing and recorded media (up 4.0% or 500 persons). The largest absolute increase was recorded by Machinery and equipment manufacturing (up 600 persons or 2.3%).

Average wages and salaries paid per person employed at the end of June rose in six of the nine industry subdivisions and fell in the other three between 1998-99 and 1999-2000.

The industry subdivisions to record the largest percentage increases in wages and salaries paid per person employed at the end of June were:

  • Printing, publishing and recorded media (up 8.9% - from $33,800 to $36,800), where 6 (out of 7) industry classes recorded an increase. The most influential classes in producing the subdivision result were Newspaper printing or publishing (ANZSIC Class 2421) (up 16.3% - from $37,500 to $43,600) and Printing (ANZSIC Class 2412) (up 3.0% - from $32,000 to $33,000). In aggregate, these two classes contributed over 80% of employment and over 85% of wages and salaries in the subdivision.
  • Metal product manufacturing (up 8.9% - from $34,600 to $37,700), where 15 (out of 21) industry classes recorded an increase with the largest (where publishable) being:
    • Basic non-ferrous metal manufacturing n.e.c. (ANZSIC Class 2729) (up 54.3% - from $38,000 to $58,600); and
    • Steel pipe and tube manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2713) (up 20.2% - from $39,300 to $47,300).

The industry subdvision to record the largest decrease in both percentage and absolute terms between 1998-99 and 1999-2000 in wages and salaries paid per person employed at the end of June was Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing (down 3.5% - from $40,200 to $38,900), where 6 (out of 11) industry classes recorded a decrease. The largest percentage decrease in this subdivision (where publishable) was recorded by Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing n.e.c. (ANZSIC Class 2640) (down 13.2% - from $42,300 to $36,700).


TURNOVER

Turnover rose, in current price terms, by $2,016m to $34,109m for 1999-2000. This represents a 6.3% increase on the $32,093m recorded for 1998-99.

Seven of the nine manufacturing industry subdivisions recorded an increase in turnover between 1998-99 and 1999-2000 and the other two decreased. Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing (at 29.1%) and Metal product manufacturing (at 22.5%) remained the largest contributors to total Queensland manufacturing turnover. However, Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing (down 2.7% or $281m) recorded the largest decrease in both percentage and dollar terms between 1998-99 and 1999-2000. The largest increases in dollar terms between 1998-99 and 1999-2000 were recorded by Metal product manufacturing (up $908m) and Petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing (up $464m). The largest percentage increases between 1998-99 and 1999-2000 were recorded by Wood and paper product manufacturing (up 15.6%) and Metal product manufacturing (up 13.4%).

The industry classes (where publishable) with the largest dollar increases between 1998-99 and 1999-2000 were:
  • Meat processing (ANZSIC Class 2111) (up $257m or 8.7%);
  • Basic non-ferrous metal manufacturing n.e.c. (ANZSIC Class 2729) (up $142m or 42.2%);
  • Printing (ANZSIC Class 2412) (up $115m or 21.0%);
  • Concrete product manufacturing n.e.c. (ANZSIC Class 2635) (up $113m or 35.3%);
  • Log sawmilling (ANZSIC Class 2311) (up $109m or 64.1%); and
  • Newspaper printing or publishing (ANZSIC Class 2421) (up $101m or 21.0%).

The industry classes (where publishable) with the largest dollar decreases between 1998-99 and 1999-2000 were:
  • Sugar manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2171) (down $450m or 22.6%);
  • Agricultural machinery manufacturing (ANZSIC Class 2861) (down $79m or 19.8%); and
  • Food manufacturing n.e.c. (ANZSIC Class 2179) (down $69m or 10.9%).


EXPORTS

For 1999-2000, Queensland manufacturers directly exported $6,934m of the goods that they produced. This represents a 20.1% increase on the $5,774m recorded for 1998-99. Exports as a proportion of the total sales and transfers out of goods produced has increased from 15.5% for 1994-95 and from 19.4% for 1998-99 to 22.0% for 1999-2000. There was, however, a decrease of 2.3 percentage points in this proportion between 1995-96 (18.1%) and 1996-97 (15.8%).

Graph - Exports as a proportion of goods produced



Manufacturers' direct exports increased in seven out of the nine industry subdivisions and decreased in the other two between 1998-99 and 1999-2000. The most significant contributors to the overall increase were Food, beverage and tobacco manufacturing (up $535m or 19.3% - from $2,767m to $3,302m), Metal product manufacturing (up $371m or 17.8% - from $2,090m to $2,461m) and Petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing (up $171m or 85.3% - from $201m to $372m). The decreases were recorded by Other manufacturing (down $11m or 38.6% - from $27m to $17m) and Non-metallic mineral product manufacturing (down $2m or 1.5% - from $113m to $111m).

Overall, total direct exports by establishments increased by $1,160m (or 20.1%). Direct exports by establishments employing 100 or more persons increased by $1,264m (or 36.1%) and for establishments employing 0 to 49 persons increased by $214m (or 13.1%), but decreased for establishments employing 50 to 99 persons by $318m (or 49.6%).

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