Australian Bureau of Statistics
8221.0 - Manufacturing Industry, Australia, 2000-01
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 28/10/2002
|Page tools: Print Page Print All RSS Search this Product|
20 Periodic collections of the Retail and Wholesale Divisions of ANZSIC, conducted for the 1998-99 reference year, identified a number of businesses which were predominately manufacturers. A small number of these cases were determined to be significant in some manufacturing industries and were therefore added into the manufacturing collection for 1998-99. The effect of these additional units in published aggregates have been calculated as adding 0.6% to estimates for Australia for 1998-99. These businesses have been included in subsequent manufacturing collections if they remained classified as manufacturers on the ABS business register.
CHAIN VOLUME MEASURES
21 The chain volume measures appearing in this publication are annually reweighted chain Laspeyres indexes referenced to current price values in the chosen reference year (currently 2000-01). The current price values may be thought of as being the product of a price and quantity. The value in chain volume terms can be derived by linking together movements in volumes, calculated using the average prices of the previous financial year and applying compound movements to the current price estimates of the reference year. Each year’s growth rates in the chain volume series are based on the prices of the previous financial year. With each release of this publication, a new base year is introduced and the reference year is advanced one year. This means that for this issue of this publication, the chain volume measures for 2000-01 have 1999-2000 (the previous financial year) as their base year, and the reference year is 2000-01. A change in the reference year changes levels but not growth rates for all periods. A change in the base year can result in revisions, small in most cases, to growth rates for the last year.
22 Chain volume measures are not generally additive. In other words, component chain volume measures do not, in general, sum to a total in the way original current price components do. This means that the chain volume estimates for industry groups will not add to the total for Australia. In order to minimise the impact of this, the ABS ensures additivity does exist for the reference year and non-additivity is relatively small for the earlier years. For further information on chain volume measures, refer to the Information Paper: Introduction of Chain Volume Measures in the Australian National Accounts (cat. no. 5248.0).
EMPLOYMENT SIZE DATA
23 Summary of operations data at the industry subdivision level classified by the employment size of individual manufacturing management units (see the Glossary for its definition) are presented in table 5. Similarly, exports of goods produced data at the industry subdivision level classified by the broad employment size of individual manufacturing management units are presented in table 6. The statistics in these two tables relate only to those manufacturing management units operating at 30 June 2001. As such, the figures presented represent a slightly different population from those presented in the other tables from the manufacturing collection. These other tables include data for those manufacturing management units which operated at any time during 2000-01.
24 The treatment of unincorporated joint ventures under the ABS's standard units definitions has an effect on the data when classified by employment size. This is because joint venture participants report details of sales of goods and services, but often have few or no employees or operating expenses. The labour for such operations is usually employed and paid for by the joint venture operator. Similarly, the operating expenses are usually reported by the joint venture operator. On the other hand, the operator does not report any details of sales of goods and services (unless it also happens to be a participant). If each of these joint venture operations were to be treated as a single business unit in the statistics, it is highly probable that the Metal product manufacturing industry and to a lesser extent the Petroleum, coal, chemical and associated product manufacturing industry would reflect a similar dominance pattern to the other manufacturing industries. In other words, in the statistics in tables 5 and 6, the participants in unincorporated joint ventures are recorded in the 0-4 persons employment size category, whereas the operators of the unincorporated joint ventures are recorded in larger employment size categories. This treatment affects the relative contribution of the various employment size categories for these two industries.
EXPORTS BY MANUFACTURERS
25 All management units included in the manufacturing collection were asked whether they exported and, if so, what percentage of their sales of goods produced were exported by their business or an agent on their behalf. The data presented in table 6 are derived by applying the percentage of exports reported for each exporting unit and then aggregating that figure. The data in table 6 exclude those manufacturing management units which operated during 2000-01 but were not operating at 30 June 2001.
26 The statistics presented in table 6 for the value of exports by manufacturers or their agents are not intended to be directly comparable with the value of exports classified by manufacturing industry of origin as published by the ABS in international trade statistics. These latter statistics are intended to measure total exports regardless of which business or organisation does the exporting (and to identify the probable industry from which the goods originated), whereas the statistics in tables 6 and 7 only include exports directly undertaken by the manufacturer or by its agent.
27 The data in table 6 showing exports by manufacturers or their agents can be expected to show a much lower value than the exports data from the international trade series. The main reason is that for many exports of goods manufactured in Australia, the actual exporting activity is undertaken by a business other than the manufacturer. Also, the value of goods produced on a commission or fee basis for non-manufacturing businesses and which are then exported is not included in the data in tables 6 and 7. Examples of relevant commission work are the 'slaughtering fee' charged by an abattoir for processing livestock owned by a meat exporter and the 'tolling fee' charged by an aluminium smelter to process ores owned by other (e.g. mining) businesses. Also excluded from tables 6 and 7 are any exports by manufacturers of goods which were not produced by that manufacturer. These and other goods exported (e.g. re-exports) are included in the international trade data. Finally, differences in valuation of exports arise because the value of exports in the international trade series would include the value to the manufacturer plus profit margins for the exporter and for any intermediaries between the manufacturer and the exporter.
28 Regional or sub-state data will not be available from the 2000-01 manufacturing survey. This is a direct result of moving to a manufacturing management unit based collection for 2000-01; for further information, see Appendix 2. For further details about the availability of sub-state data, please contact John Ridley on Sydney 02 9268 4541.
29 ABS publications draw extensively on information provided freely by individuals, businesses, governments and other organisations. Their continued cooperation is very much appreciated: without it, the wide range of statistics published by the ABS would not be available. Information received by the ABS is treated in strict confidence as required by the Census and Statistics Act 1905.
30 State publications, Manufacturing Industry, [state], (cat. nos 8221.1-8221.6), will not be produced for 2000-01; for further information, see Appendix 2. However, it is intended that they next be produced for 2001-02, that is, for the next census year. This and future issues of the publication Manufacturing Industry, Australia (cat. no. 8221.0) will continue to publish state and territory data for employment, wages and salaries, sales and service income and IVA at the industry subdivision level.
31 The ABS produces industry estimates for a range of selected industries (including Manufacturing) and these results are available in Australian Industry, 2000-01 (cat. no. 8155.0). State and territory estimates of these data have recently been published in Experimental Estimates, Australian Industry, a State Perspective, 1999-2000 (cat. no. 8156.0). For the 2000-01 reference year, the analysis previously presented in the latter publication will be included in the publication Australian Industry, 2000-01 (cat. no. 8155.0), which is due for release in December 2002. These data are considered experimental at this stage while the methodology used to produce them is reviewed and improved. The estimates are available at the ANZSIC industry subdivision level for total operating income, total operating expenses, operating profit before tax (OPBT) and labour costs.
32 Users may also wish to refer to the following publications:
BACK SERIES AND ADDITIONAL DATA
33 The 1999-2000 manufacturing collection was the last to collect information primarily from manufacturing establishments as well as collecting limited data from a relatively small sample of manufacturing management units. For the 2000-01 manufacturing collection, information was solely collected from manufacturing management units.
34 A considerable volume of data (primarily manufacturing establishment based data but some manufacturing management unit based data) is available from past annual manufacturing collections. Firstly, a range of manufacturing industry statistics publications is available for previous years. In addition, more detailed information to satisfy individual user requirements may be available on request and for a charge. In general, this consists of finer industry dissections of manufacturing establishment data than that previously presented in the manufacturing series of publications. For more information about the availability of management unit data for previous years, see paragraph 3 of Appendix 2. Additional data may also be available from the 2000-01 collection. As a guide, a list of data items included on the 2000-01 manufacturing survey forms and a selection of data variables that can be derived from them are shown in Appendix 1.
35 For management units, chain volume measures of IVA are available from 1995-96. For establishments, chain volume measures on a true ANZSIC basis are only available from 1989-90; however, chain volume measures of IVA on an ANZSIC basis are available back to 1984-85. They were compiled by converting estimates for earlier years onto an ANZSIC basis using the relationships that applied between the previous Australian Standard Industrial Classification (ASIC) and ANZSIC in the years 1990-91 and 1991-92. These estimates are available for Australia back to 1984-85. It should be noted that the relationships that applied in 1990-91 and 1991-92 are less likely to apply the earlier the reference year.
36 Where figures have been rounded, discrepancies may occur between totals and the sums of the component items. Due to data being adjusted for lags in processing new businesses to the ABS business register (see paragraph 14), this 'rounding rule' also applies to employment counts.
37 Proportions, ratios and other calculated figures shown in this publication have been calculated using unrounded estimates and may be different from, but are more accurate than, calculations based on the rounded estimates.
These documents will be presented in a new window.
This page last updated 20 June 2006