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8126.0 - Information and Communication Technology, Australia, 2002-03  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 07/09/2004   
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INTRODUCTION

This publication presents results from an Australian Bureau of Statistics survey of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) industries conducted in respect of 2002-03.


The definition of the ICT industry for the purposes of this publication is restricted to the Australian interpretation of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) ICT industry definition. Please refer to Explanatory Notes for more information.



COMPARISONS TO PREVIOUS STATISTICS

There have been changes made to the ICT industries survey since it was last conducted in respect of 2000-01. These changes have had an impact on the results of the 2002-03 ICT industries survey and as a consequence data presented in this publication are not directly comparable to those published in previous issues. The most significant of the changes has been the implementation of changes arising from the introduction of The New Tax System (TNTS). For more information, please refer to the Explanatory Notes and the Appendix.


Annual industry data for the ANZSIC classes in scope of ICT industries survey are also published in Australian Industry (cat. no. 8155.0) and Manufacturing Industry, Australia (cat. no. 8221.0). There are important differences between the statistics in these publications and those in Information and Communication Technology and users should exercise caution when making comparisons between these estimates. The 2002-03 editions of Australian Industry and Manufacturing Industry, Australia are expected to be released in late 2004.


One reason the three sets of estimates vary relates to the use of different industry coding practices. For the Australian Industry and Manufacturing Industry, Australia publications, businesses are coded to ANZSIC industry classes on the basis of the activity reported to the ATO when they registered for an ABN, or for more complex businesses, information reported directly to the ABS (see paragraph 11 of the Explanatory Notes for more information). On the other hand, ICT Industries presents estimates for industry classes based on detailed income data reported in the survey.


Other differences in results relate to further scope and coverage variations between the three surveys. Non-employing units are included in the scope of the range of statistical collections that contribute to estimates published in Australian Industry and the Manufacturing industry collection (from 2001-2002), but are generally excluded from the ICT industries survey.



INQUIRIES

For further information about these and related statistics, contact the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070 or Lesley Scott on Perth (08) 9360 5228.



SUMMARY COMMENTARY


INTRODUCTION

This publication presents final results for the 2002-03 Information and Communication Technology (ICT) industries survey and predominantly presents statistics for ICT specialist businesses. See Glossary for definition of ICT Specialists.


The 2002-03 ICT industries survey was the first to be conducted following changes made to ABS statistical collections resulting from the introduction of The New Tax System (TNTS). The changes made have had an impact on the results of the ICT industries survey and as a consequence data presented in this publication are not directly comparable to those published in previous issues. Please refer to Explanatory Notes and the Appendix for more information about these changes and the impacts on the ICT industries survey. As a result references are not made in commentary to movements in estimates between 2002-03 and previous periods and time series are not presented in tables.



BUSINESSES

At the end of June 2003, there were 25,516 businesses classified to the ICT industry grouping. Of these 23,950 (94%) were considered to be ICT specialist businesses.


Of these ICT specialist businesses, 18,524 (77%) were in the computer consultancy services industry, 1,831 (8%) in the computer wholesaling industry and 956 (4%) in the telecommunication services industry. The remaining 2,639 (11%) were spread across the other industries surveyed.



EMPLOYMENT

There were 235,696 persons employed in ICT specialist businesses at the end of June 2003. Of these persons, 107,686 (46%) were classed as ICT employees. The computer consultancy industry accounted for 69% of total ICT employees.


The telecommunication services industry grouping had the lowest proportion of ICT employees (15%) and the computer services industry grouping had the highest (74%).



INCOME

During 2002-03, total income for all businesses in the ICT industry grouping was $89,979.2 million with ICT specialist businesses recording a total income of $79,893.7 million (89% of total).


By industry grouping, the telecommunication services industry grouping, reporting a total income of $31,795.8 million, was the highest contributor (40%) to total income for ICT specialists.


ICT specialist businesses had ICT income of $74,691.6 million which represented over 93% of their total income. The largest contributor to ICT income was the telecommunication services industry grouping ($29,862.1 million), which accounted for 40% of the total ICT income. The computer wholesaling industry contributed $16,625.2 million (22%) and the computer consultancy services industry contributed $15,099.0 million (20%).



OPERATING EXPENSES

Total operating expenses for businesses classified to the ICT industry grouping during 2002-03 were $83,080.3 million. Of this amount, ICT specialist businesses contributed $73,421.0 million or just over 88%.


For ICT specialist businesses, wages and salaries contributed $14,447.2 million (20%) to total operating expenses during 2002-03. The proportion of wages and salaries as a component of total operating expenses was the highest for the computer services industry grouping (39%) and the lowest (12%) for the wholesale trade industry grouping.



OPERATING PROFIT

During 2002-03, businesses in the ICT industry grouping generated a total operating profit before tax of $6,878.7 million with ICT specialist businesses generating a total operating profit before tax of $6,392.7 million.


Of total operating profit before tax for ICT specialist businesses, the majority (over 74%) was generated by the telecommunication services industry grouping. The wholesale trade, computer services and manufacturing industry groupings contributed 14%, 10% and 2% respectively to total operating profit before tax.



CAPITAL EXPENDITURE

Total capital expenditure by businesses in the ICT industry grouping during 2002-03 was $8175.3 million. ICT specialist businesses represented almost 98% ($8,003.1 million) of this total.


Total capital expenditure by ICT specialist businesses was highest in the telecommunication services industry grouping ($6,415.7 million or 80% of total). This can be partly attributed to the investment made by telecommunication services businesses in infrastructure related to broadband Internet services.



INDUSTRY VALUE ADDED

During 2002-03, total industry value added for the ICT industry grouping was $32,147.1 million. ICT specialist businesses had a total industry value added of $29,875.7 million.


The ICT industry grouping making the greatest contribution to industry value added was the telecommunication services industry grouping ($15,367.1 million) which accounted for 51% of the total.

Summary of operations, by ICT industry grouping - by ICT specialists and all businesses

Businesses at end June
Employment at end June
ICT employees at end June
ICT income
Total income
Wages and salaries
Total expenses
Operating profit before tax
Capital expenditure
Industry value added
no.
no.
no.
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

ICT specialists

Manufacturing
Computer and business machines
233
2,210
802
808.1
825.6
103.1
759.3
45.6
31.4
182.9
Telecommunication, broadcasting and transceiving equipment
^89
4,526
450
891.2
936.8
303.5
876.6
np
114.4
431.8
Electronic equipment n.e.c.
252
3,403
^466
627.3
658.2
134.2
624.7
^33.1
11.5
216.7
Electric cable and wire
^27
699
12
198.8
221.7
39.1
216.0
np
4.9
44.0
Total manufacturing
602
10,838
1,730
2,525.3
2,642.2
579.8
2,476.6
^107.6
162.3
875.3
Wholesale trade
Computers
1,831
29,016
10,506
16,625.2
17,338.1
1,988.3
16,918.8
553.0
*307.7
2,899.1
Business machines
447
6,749
906
1,625.0
2,282.7
363.7
2,181.9
95.9
44.3
542.7
Electrical and electronic equipment n.e.c.
807
14,249
5,343
7,937.5
8,842.4
1,048.8
8,545.8
^250.4
^133.6
1,489.7
Total wholesale trade
3,085
50,013
16,755
26,187.7
28,463.2
3,400.8
27,646.5
899.4
^485.5
4,931.5
Telecommunication services
956
67,750
9,916
29,862.1
31,795.8
4,040.7
26,955.4
4,766.0
6,415.7
15,367.1
Computer services
Data processing
^204
^1,619
*977
^167.8
^174.9
^72.5
^164.7
*10.0
np
^105.7
Information storage and retrieval
^58
932
^359
210.3
212.1
56.0
206.7
np
np
80.8
Computer maintenance
521
4,970
3,516
639.3
671.0
235.5
662.4
np
34.6
326.4
Computer consultancy
18,524
99,574
74,434
15,099.0
15,934.5
6,061.8
15,308.7
^585.6
^819.3
8,188.8
Total computer services
19,307
107,094
79,286
16,116.4
16,992.5
6,425.9
16,342.5
^619.8
^939.6
8,701.7
Total
23,950
235,696
107,686
74,691.6
79,893.7
14,447.2
73,421.0
6,392.7
8,003.1
29,875.7

All businesses

Manufacturing
Computer and business machines
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
Telecommunication, broadcasting and transceiving equipment
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
Electronic equipment n.e.c.
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
Electric cable and wire
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
na
Total manufacturing
735
17,152
2,597
2,567.3
4,392.3
982.7
4,150.2
187.5
238.3
1,476.7
Wholesale trade
Computers
1,831
29,016
10,506
16,625.2
17,338.1
1,988.3
16,918.8
553.0
*307.7
2,899.1
Business machines
683
9,254
1,156
1,768.9
2,885.4
469.5
2,751.7
124.9
51.8
665.5
Electrical and electronic equipment n.e.c.
2,005
34,156
6,280
8,201.4
16,575.2
1,956.2
15,961.7
627.5
222.2
3,037.0
Total wholesale trade
4,519
72,427
17,942
26,595.5
36,798.6
4,413.9
35,632.2
1,305.5
^581.6
6,601.6
Telecommunication services
956
67,750
9,916
29,862.1
31,795.8
4,040.7
26,955.4
4,766.0
6,415.7
15,367.1
Computer services
Data processing
^204
^1,619
*977
^167.8
^174.9
^72.5
^164.7
*10.0
np
^105.7
Information storage and retrieval
^58
932
^359
210.3
212.1
56.0
206.7
np
np
80.8
Computer maintenance
521
4,970
3,516
639.3
671.0
235.5
662.4
np
34.6
326.4
Computer consultancy
18,524
99,574
74,434
15,099.0
15,934.5
6,061.8
15,308.7
^585.6
^819.3
8,188.8
Total computer services
19,307
107,094
79,286
16,116.4
16,992.5
6,425.9
16,342.5
^619.8
^939.6
8,701.7
Total
25,516
264,423
109,741
75,141.3
89,979.2
15,863.1
83,080.3
6,878.7
8,175.3
32,147.1

^ estimate has a relative standard error of 10% to less than 25% and should be used with caution
* estimate has a relative standard error of 25% to 50% and should be used with caution
na not available
np not available for publication but included in totals where applicable, unless otherwise indicated

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