Australian Bureau of Statistics
5302.0 - Balance of Payments and International Investment Position, Australia, Mar 2002
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 31/05/2002
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Quarterly estimates of the terms of trade shown in Table 6 of this publication are derived from seasonally adjusted data.
15 The chain Laspeyres indexes are derived by combining individual component prices with weights which reflect the average relative importance of the components in the previous year. These are then indexed to the relevant reference year. For all periods since the latest reference year, reference year weights are used.
DIRECT INVESTMENT ADJUSTMENT
16 Direct investment adjustments are required in Tables 28 and 29 to adjust total foreign assets and liabilities to the net basis for recording foreign investment in Australia (FIA) and Australian investment abroad (AIA). For both FIA and AIA, the adjustment is symmetrical and includes claims of Australian direct investment enterprises on direct investors abroad plus liabilities of Australian direct investors to direct investment enterprises abroad.
17 Foreign debt transactions, levels and interest income (as recorded in Tables 34 to 37) between direct investors and direct investment enterprises are recorded on a gross basis for assets and liabilities. The direct investment adjustment is not applied in these tables.
18 In table 37 ‘currency’ refers to the currency in which assets or liabilities are likely to be repaid, while ‘residual maturity’ refers to the time remaining until an asset or liability is due to be fully repaid. Reserve Assets are not allocated by currency. All reserve assets are allocated to the repayment category ‘less than or equal to 90 days’ although a range of maturities may be involved.
19 The industry categories shown are based on the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC), 1993 (1292.0). Industry statistics should be treated with some caution as they do not necessarily reflect the industry of the end use of the funds. First, the statistical unit (that is, the unit of observation and classification) generally consists of all enterprises in an enterprise group within a single resident institutional sector. The industry of this statistical unit, which may cover a broad range of activities, is determined on the basis of the predominant activity of the unit as a whole which may be quite different from the industry in which funds are used. Second, financial enterprises such as trading and merchant banks, may borrow funds as principals and then on-lend to clients in other industries.
COMMODITY BREAKDOWNS OF GENERAL MERCHANDISE
20 Commodity breakdowns of general merchandise credits are provided in Table 8 (at current prices), 10 (chain volume measures), 12 (at current prices, seasonally adjusted) and 14 (chain volume measures, seasonally adjusted). The groupings shown are based on the third revision of the United Nations Standard International Trade Classification (SITC Rev 3). For further details see Table 6.6 in Balance of Payments and International Investment Position, Australia: Concepts, Sources and Methods (5331.0).
21 Commodity breakdowns of general merchandise debits are provided in Table 9 (at current prices), 11 (chain volume measures), 13 (at current prices, seasonally adjusted), and 15 (chain volume measures, seasonally adjusted). The three broad end-use categories-Consumption goods, Capital goods and Intermediate and other merchandise goods-are based on United Nations’ Classification of Broad Economic Categories (BEC), but differ from the BEC to the extent that intermediate goods are combined with other merchandise goods. These broad end-use categories are further divided into a total of 25 SITC Rev 3-based commodity groupings, which have also been aligned to the BEC.
22 Table 6.7 in 5331.0 provides details of the classification used for goods debits. Most of the 25 SITC Rev 3-based commodity groups are further sub-divided into a total of 106 commodity sub-groups. Although the information at this level is not published, it is available as a special data service, see paragraph 25.
23 For more information on the commodity classification of general merchandise debits and a detailed concordance between balance of payments general merchandise debits end-use categories, commodity groups, BEC and SITC Rev 3, refer to the ABS Information Paper: Change to Commodity Classification of Merchandise Imports in Balance of Payments Publications (5344.0).
RELATED PRODUCTS AND SERVICES
24 Users may also wish to refer to the following publications which are available from ABS Bookshops:
25 Estimates for periods prior to those shown in this publication and more detailed merchandise goods debits time series on a balance of payments basis are available. Detailed data of exports and imports of goods, including dissections by commodity and country of origin, are also available on an international trade basis. These data can be obtained by contacting the General Sales and Inquiries telephone numbers shown on the back of this publication. There may be a charge for this information, depending on the volume of data requested.
26 Detailed quarterly general merchandise chain volume measures can be obtained by contacting the ABS on Canberra (02) 6252 6716. These series are based on international trade statistics (i.e. they are not adjusted to a balance of payments basis) and relate to selected divisions and sections of the SITC Rev 3. Quarterly tables showing components of services can also be obtained from the ABS on Canberra (02) 6252 6716. These tables provide original and seasonally adjusted current price and chain volume measures, corresponding to the series shown (in original current price terms) in Tables 20 and 21 of this publication. Both sets of measures are working estimates only and may not always be completely consistent with published measures.
27 A glossary of terms that are either new with the ABS implementation of BPM5 in the balance of payments and international investment position, or which represent a significantly different concept from an existing but similarly named concept, is provided on pages 88 and 89 of Information Paper: Upgraded Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Statistics (5365.0).
SYMBOLS AND OTHER USAGES
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This page last updated 20 June 2006