1 This publication presents estimates from the 2011-12 Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS). It contains detailed statistics on a variety of management practices undertaken by Australian agricultural businesses, including cropping and pasture management, fertiliser use, protection of the natural environment for conservation purposes, and farm management.
2 Data are presented at the national and state/territory levels, with additional data cubes containing Natural Resource Management (NRM) region levels to be released at a later date as separate comma separated value (.csv) data cubes that can be opened in a variety of packages, including Excel. These additional data cubes will provide a more detailed picture of land management and farming in Australia and will be able to be accessed via the Downloads tab of Land Management and Farming in Australia, 2011-12 (cat. no. 4627.0).
3 The ARMS and the Agricultural Survey are conducted in alternate years, with an Agricultural Census conducted every five years. The ARMS is a combination of a reduced Agricultural Survey and a benchmark survey of land management practices undertaken by agricultural businesses.
4 Where figures for individual states/territories have been suppressed for reasons of confidentiality, they have been included in relevant national totals. In addition, some categories have been combined, for example, combining Australian Capital Territory data with New South Wales data. Where figures have been rounded, discrepancies may occur between sums of the component items and totals.
5 For some items, multiple responses are possible and thus totals are not necessarily the sum of the component items. For example, a respondent could perform more than one land management practice on their holding.
SCOPE AND COVERAGE
6 The scope of the 2011-12 ARMS included all agricultural businesses recorded on the ABS' Business Register (ABSBR) above a minimum size cut-off. The ABSBR is based on the Australian Business Register (ABR) which is administered and maintained by the Australian Taxation Office (ATO).
7 A minimum size cut-off of $5,000 was applied to determine whether a business was in-scope for the 2011-12 ARMS. The measure of size was based on the ABS' Estimated Value of Agricultural Operations (EVAO) or a derived value based on Business Activity Statement (BAS) turnover if EVAO was not available.
8 While the ABSBR does not include all agricultural businesses in Australia, it provides improved coverage from the former ABS maintained Agricultural Survey frame as most businesses and organisations in Australia need to obtain an Australian Business Number (ABN) from the ATO for their business operations. The ABR based register is also more up-to-date as it excludes agricultural businesses with cancelled ABNs and incorporates regularly updated information on agricultural businesses from the ABR and ATO.
9 For the 2011-12 ARMS, a response rate of 86% was achieved from a sample of approximately 35,900 agricultural businesses. This sample was selected from an in-scope population of approximately 152,700 agricultural businesses.
RELIABILITY OF DATA
10 The estimates in this publication are subject to sampling and non-sampling errors.
11 The estimates in this publication are based on information obtained from respondents to the ARMS for the year ended 30 June 2012 and are subject to sampling variability. That is, estimates may differ from figures that would be produced if all agricultural businesses had been included in the survey. One measure of the likely difference is given by the standard error (SE), which indicates the extent to which an estimate might vary by chance when not all units have responded, i.e. when a 'sample' of responses only is obtained. There are about two chances in three that a 'sample' estimate will differ by less than one SE from the figure that would have been obtained if all units had responded, and about nineteen chances in twenty that the difference will be less than two SEs.
12 In this publication, 'sampling' variability of the estimates is measured by the relative standard error (RSE) which is obtained by expressing the SE as a percentage of the estimate to which it refers.
13 Most published national estimates have RSEs less than 5%. For some states where certain farm management practices are less prevalent, RSEs can be greater than 10%. Estimates that have an estimated RSE between 10% and 25% are annotated with the symbol '^'. These estimates should be used with caution as they are subject to sampling variability too high for some purposes. Estimates with an RSE between 25% and 50% are annotated with the symbol '*', indicating that the estimate should be used with caution as it is subject to sampling variability too high for most practical purposes. Estimates with an RSE greater than 50% are annotated with the symbol '**', indicating that the sampling variability causes the estimates to be considered too unreliable for general use. Separate indication of the RSEs of all estimates is available on request.
14 The following table contains estimates of RSEs for a selection of the statistics presented in this publication:
RELATIVE STANDARD ERRORS OF SELECTED ESTIMATES, by State - 2011-12
|Reporting fertiliser use (no. of businesses) |
|Land used for grazing (no. of businesses) |
|Monitoring ground cover on pastures (no. of businesses) |
|Ground cover target set for cropping land (no. of businesses) |
|Native vegetation on holding (no. of businesses) |
|Wetlands on holding (no. of businesses) |
|Rivers or creeks on holding (no. of businesses) |
|Stubble left intact (no cultivation) ('000 ha) |
|Stubble removed by baling or heavy grazing ('000 ha) |
|(a) Includes ACT. |
Errors other than those due to sampling may occur at any stage of a survey or census and are not easily identified or quantified. Non-sampling error can include coverage error, non-response, errors in reporting by providers, and processing error. Every effort has been made to reduce non-sampling error to a minimum by careful design and testing of questionnaires, operating procedures and systems used to compile the statistics.
ABS DATA AVAILABLE ON REQUEST
As well as the statistics included in this and related publications, the ABS may have other relevant data available on request. Inquiries should be made to the National Information and Referral Service on 1300 135 070.
ABS publications draw extensively on information provided freely by individuals, businesses, governments and other organisations. Their continued cooperation is very much appreciated. Without it, the wide range of statistics published by the ABS would not be available. Information received by the ABS is treated in strict confidence, as required by the Census and Statistics Act 1905
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