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3101.0 - Australian Demographic Statistics, Sep 2003  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 18/03/2004   
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CORRIGENDUM

An error has been detected in the figures published for Other Territories in footnote (a) of the Key Figures table released on 18 March 2004. The error does not
affect the figures published for the other states and territories and Australia. The September Qtr Key Figures table below contains the replacement footnote (a).

SEPTEMBER QTR KEY FIGURES


PRELIMINARY DATA
Population at end
Sep qtr 2003
Change over previous year
'000
'000
%

New South Wales
6 699.3
54.1
0.8
Victoria
4 933.6
64.6
1.3
Queensland
3 817.0
86.1
2.3
South Australia
1 529.4
9.0
0.6
Western Australia
1 959.7
29.5
1.5
Tasmania
478.4
5.2
1.1
Northern Territory
198.6
0.3
0.2
Australian Capital Territory
322.6
1.0
0.3
Australia(a)
19 941.3
249.8
1.3

(a) Includes Other Territories. At September quarter 2003 the estimated resident population for Other Territories was as follows: Jervis Bay (558); Christmas Island (1499) and Cocos (Keeling) Islands (603).



Graph - Population growth

Graph - Population growth rate
SEPTEMBER QTR KEY POINTS

ESTIMATED RESIDENT POPULATION
  • The preliminary estimated resident population (ERP) of Australia at September 2003 was 19,941,300persons, an increase of 249,800 persons since September 2002 and 59,900 persons since June 2003.
  • Natural increase for the September quarter 2003 was 27,700 persons, a 12% increase on September quarter 2002 and a 13% decrease on June quarter 2003.
  • Preliminary net overseas migration was 32,100 persons in September quarter 2003, a 25% increase on September quarter 2002.

POPULATION GROWTH RATES
  • The Australian population grew 0.3% in the September quarter 2003 and 1.3% in the 12 months ended September 2003.
  • In the September quarter 2003 all states and the Northern Territory had positive growth rates. The Australian Capital Territory declined by 0.1%.
  • For the year ended September 2003 all states and territories experienced a positive population growth. Queensland recorded the highest growth rate (2.3%) and the Northern Territory recorded the lowest (0.2%).

NOTES

INTRODUCTION

Estimated resident population (ERP) data in this publication are based on the 2001 Census of Population and Housing (2001census). Exceptions are tables 8 (excluding 2001 estimates), 16, 17 and 18 which are still based on the 1996 Census of Population and Housing (1996 census).

CHANGES IN THIS ISSUE

The layout and content of this publication has changed. The major changes are detailed below.

  • A Technical Note - Measuring Net Overseas Migration has been included as part of this publication. This document outlines how the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) calculates estimates of net overseas migration by state and territory, including adjustments made to overcome some limitations of existing migration data.
  • The term 'Category Jumping' has been replaced with 'Migration Adjustment'.
  • From table 12 - Net permanent and long-term migration and components of Category Jumping have been removed. Migration adjustments have been incorporated in all table cells where available.
  • From table 13 - Total permanent and long-term arrivals have been removed.
  • From table 14 - Total permanent and long-term departures have been removed.
  • Table 15 (of previous issues) - Net permanent and long-term movement, has been removed.
Revisions included in this issue are as follows:
  • Table 5 - ERP, major population regions are now based on 2003 Australian Standard Geographical Classification (ASGC) boundaries.

ERP DATA STATUS

At any point in time this publication contains final, revised and preliminary ERP data. The status of the ERP data included in this issue is as follows:-
  • Final - All ERP data up to and including June quarter 2001
  • Revised - ERP data from September quarter 2001 to June quarter 2002, inclusive
  • Preliminary - ERP data from September quarter 2002 to September quarter 2003, inclusive.

DATA NOT YET AVAILABLE

Data not yet available in this issue are as follows:-
  • Household estimates for 2002 and 2003 in tables 17, 18 and 19 are currently under review.

MAIN FEATURES

INTRODUCTION

The preliminary estimated resident population (ERP) of Australia at September 2003 was 19,941,300 persons, an increase of 249,800 since September 2002 and 59,900 since June 2003. The national growth rate during the 12 months ended September 2003 was 1.3%,an increase of 0.1% from the growth rate for the previous 12 months.

COMPONENTS OF AUSTRALIA'S POPULATION CHANGE

The growth of Australia's population has two components; natural increase (the number of births minus the number of deaths) and net overseas migration (net permanent and long-term movement plus the migration adjustment).

Natural increase

Natural increase in September quarter 2003 was 27,700 persons, a 13% decrease on June quarter 2003, but a 12% increase on September quarter 2002. The number of births registered in September quarter 2003 (64,800) was 2% higher than in June quarter 2003 (63,500) and September quarter 2002 (63,700). However, the number of deaths in September quarter 2003 (37,100) was 17% higher than in June quarter 2003 (31,700), but 5% lower than in September quarter 2002 (38,900).

Natural increase for the year ended September 2003 was 118,200 persons, an increase of 4% on the number recorded in the year ended September 2002 (113,300). Births contributed 249,100 babies and deaths removed 130,900 persons from the population in the year ended September 2003
.

Net overseas migration

Preliminary net overseas migration was 32,100 persons in the September quarter 2003, an increase of 46%from the number recorded in the June quarter 2003 (22,100). During the September quarter 2003 there were 111,100 permanent and long-term arrivals and 79,000 permanent and long-term departures after migration adjustments.

The ABS applies a number of adjustments to the overseas arrivals and departures data used to produce estimates of net overseas migration (NOM). These mainly comprise adjustments designed to reflect differences between stated travel intentions and actual travel behaviour, but (in the case of revised NOM estimates) also include adjustments to transform numbers of overseas movements into numbers of travellers. Until recently, adjustments used by ABS to produce NOM estimates were collectively referred to as 'category jumping adjustments'. They are now referred to more simply as 'migration adjustments'.

For more information see the
Technical Note - Measuring Net Overseas Migration on page 33.

STATE AND TERRITORIES

Population

The population of Australia's states and territories at September 2003 was as follows: New South Wales 6,699,300, Victoria 4,933,600, Queensland 3,817,000, South Australia1,529,400, Western Australia 1,959,700, Tasmania 478,400, Northern Territory 198,600 and the Australian Capital Territory 322,600.

Consistent with the recommendations of the
Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters, from this issue estimates of the population of each of the Other Territories will be listed separately in the Key Figures of this publication. The population of these Territories continue to be included in the Australian totals (see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes).

Growth rates

With the exception of the Australian Capital Territory all states and the Northern Territory recorded positive growth in the September quarter. Queensland recorded the highest growth (0.5%) followed by Western Australia (0.4%), Victoria and Tasmania (each 0.3%), New South Wales (0.2%), South Australia and the Northern Territory (each 0.1%). The Australian Capital Territory recorded a loss (-0.1%), mainly due to increased interstate migration losses (-900 persons) in the September quater 2003, compared with the loss of 500 persons in June quarter 2003.

For the year ended September 2003 all states and territories recorded a positive growth rate. The highest growth rate was recorded by Queensland (2.3%) followed by Western Australia (1.5%). The lowest growth rate was recorded by the Northern Territory (0.2%).

Interstate migration

With the exception of Queensland, Western Australia and Tasmania, all states and territories experienced a net loss through interstate migration in the September quarter 2003. Queensland had a gain of 9,100 persons while Tasmania increased by 800 persons. Western Australia recorded a net gain through interstate migration for the first time since March quarter 1999 increasing by 200 persons. New South Wales recorded the largest net loss through interstate migration (-7,600), followed by the Australian Capital Territory (-900), the Northern Territory (-800), South Australia (-700) and Victoria (-300).

For the year ended September 2003 all states and territories, with the exception of Queensland, Tasmania and Victoria, recorded a net loss through interstate migration. Queensland had the highest gain of 38,500 persons, followed by Tasmania (2,700) while Victoria experienced little change with an increase of just 40 persons. New South Wales lost the largest number of persons (-32,200), followed by the NorthernTerritory (-3,200), South Australia (-2,200), the Australian Capital Territory (-2,000) and Western Australia (-1,600).

NET INTERSTATE MIGRATION, States and territories
Graph - Net Interstate Migration, States and Territories


TABLE 1 - POPULATION CHANGE, Summary(a)


COMPONENTS OF POPULATION CHANGEPOPULATION


Net
Growth on
Growth on
Natural
overseas
At end
previous
previous
Births
Deaths
increase
migration
of period
year(b)
year(b)
Period
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000
'000
%

1997-98
249.1
129.3
119.9
79.2
18,711.3
193.7
1.05
1998-99
250.0
128.3
121.7
96.5
18,925.9
214.6
1.15
1999-2000
249.3
128.4
120.9
107.3
19,153.4
227.5
1.20
2000-01
247.5
128.9
118.6
135.7
19,413.2
259.9
1.36
2001-02
247.4
130.3
117.2
110.6
19,641.0
227.7
1.17
2002-03
248.0
132.8
115.2
125.3
19,881.5
240.5
1.22
1997
251.1
128.8
122.3
72.4
18,609.1
188.8
1.02
1998
248.3
127.4
120.8
88.8
18,814.3
205.2
1.10
1999
250.2
128.2
122.0
104.2
19,038.3
224.1
1.19
2000
249.2
128.8
120.4
111.4
19,272.6
234.3
1.23
2001
246.6
128.8
117.8
136.1
19,529.3
256.6
1.33
2002
250.2
134.9
115.4
113.2
19,757.9
228.6
1.17
2001
    September
63.9
35.2
28.7
27.7
19,469.6
255.4
1.33
    December
60.8
32.3
28.5
31.2
19,529.3
256.6
1.33
2002
March
61.3
29.6
31.7
36.4
19,597.3
237.1
1.22
    June
61.5
33.1
28.4
15.3
19,641.0
227.7
1.17
    September
63.7
38.9
24.8
25.8
19,691.5
221.9
1.14
    December
63.8
33.2
30.6
35.8
19,757.9
228.6
1.17
2003
March
57.0
28.9
28.1
41.6
19,827.6
230.3
1.18
June
63.5
31.7
31.8
22.1
19,881.5
240.5
1.22
    September
64.8
37.1
27.7
32.1
19,941.3
249.8
1.27

(a) See Explanatory Notes for concepts used and the Glossary for definitions of terms used. Includes Other Territories from September 1993 - see paragraph 2 of the Explanatory Notes.
(b) Differences between total growth and the sum of natural increase and net migration during 1996-2001 are due to intercensal discrepancy.

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