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POPULATION AGEING IN VICTORIA
The proportion of population aged 65 years and over varied among Statistical Divisions (SDs) in Victoria. In both 2004 and 2009, MSD recorded the lowest proportion of people aged 65 years and over (12.5% in 2004 and 12.6% in 2009). In both periods, the largest proportions of population aged 65 years and over were recorded in Wimmera and East Gippsland. In 2009, Wimmera had the highest proportion (19.9%) of population aged 65 years and over.
Between 2004 and 2009, all SDs experienced an increase in the proportion of population aged 65 years and over. The East Gippsland SD experienced the largest increase (1.7 percentage points) in proportion of population aged 65 years and over followed by Ovens Murray (1.4), and Goulburn and Gippsland (both 1.3). The smallest increases were experienced by Melbourne (0.2 percentage points), Barwon (0.4) and Western District (0.7).
Among Victoria's Local Government Areas (LGAs) the highest proportion of people aged 65 years and over at 30 June 2009 was recorded in Queenscliffe (B) (32.4%) followed by Hindmarsh (S) (24.9%) and Yarriambiack (S) (24.4%). Queenscliffe also recorded the highest proportion (30.0%) in 2004. The fifteen LGAs with the highest proportion of people age 65 years and over are all located in BoV. Melbourne (C) (5.6%), Melton (S) (5.9%) and Wyndham (C) (6.0%) recorded the lowest proportion of persons people aged 65 years and over in 2009.
The total fertility rate (TFR) is the sum of age-specific fertility rates (live births at each age of mother per female population of that age), divided by 1,000. It represents the number of children a female would bear during her lifetime if she experienced current age-specific fertility rates at each age of her reproductive life.
Since 1971 there has been an overall decrease in fertility rates for both Australia and Victoria. Fertility rates for Victoria have been slightly lower than the national rate for the entire period (1971 to 2008). From 1980 to 2002, the Victorian rate has shown volatility (from 1.610 in 2001 to 1.863 in 1990) and from 2003 it has started to increase, reaching 1.861 in 2008.
Life expectancy has an impact on the age profile of a community and the following graph shows the pattern of life expectancy at birth for males and females in Victoria from 1988 to 2008. Over the period, life expectancy at birth for males increased by 6.0 years, from 73.6 to 79.6 and female life expectancy increased by 4.0 years from 79.9 to 83.9. In 1988, the difference between male and female life expectancy was 6.3 years, however, the difference has narrowed over the last two decades to 4.3 years in 2008.