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FAMILY AND COMMUNITY
In 2005, more than half of all children aged 0-12 years in NSW (46%), received some type of child care. Since 2002, there has been an overall increase in the use of most forms of child care. Formal care increased for both children under 3 years old (up from 22% to 26%), and children aged 3-4 years (up from 41% to 46%). Informal care provided by relatives for children 0-2 years also increased during this time from 37% to 42%, and for children 3-4 years old it increased from 34% to 38%.
SUPPORTING CHILDREN LIVING ELSEWHERE
Many people provide support to their own children living outside the household. In 2006, there were 485,400 people aged 18 years and over in NSW, who reported that their own children aged 0-24 years were living in another household. Over two thirds (68%) of these parents provided support to their children. Key forms of support provided include financial support, such as money for bills or debts (28%), clothing (26%), educational costs (25%), and child support payments (24%). Other forms of support included driving them to places (26%), and allowing them to borrow the car (12%).
Men were more likely than women to provide support for their own children aged 0-17 years living elsewhere (4.8% and 1.5% respectively), reflecting the greater number of children living apart from their father. Compared to other age groups, parents aged 45-54 years (16%) were most likely to provide support to their children 0-24 years living outside the household.
COMMUNITY NETWORKS AND VOLUNTARY WORK
Individual, family and community wellbeing can also be influenced by the strength and quality of engagements with wider social networks. While persons on low incomes and those born overseas with no proficiency in English had similar levels of contact with family and friends, overall they had a lower level of engagement with the wider community. They were less able to get support in a time of crisis, and had lower levels of participation in community groups, voluntary work, and other forms of unpaid informal assistance to persons living outside the house.
In 2006, many people aged 18 years and over in NSW provided support to the wider community through voluntary work (33%), unpaid informal assistance (45%), and by donating money (73%). While a similar proportion of men and women felt they were able to get support in a time of crisis, women reported a higher participation rate in other community support and social network activities compared with men.
ABS Census of Population and Housing
ABS Child Care Survey (cat. no. 4402.0)
ABS General Social Survey (cat. no. 4159.0)
ABS Household Use of Information Technology Survey (cat. no. 8146.0)
ABS National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey (cat. no. 4714.0)
ABS Survey of Children's Participation in Cultural and Leisure Activities (cat. no. 4109.0)
ABS Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers (cat. no. 4430.0)
ABS Survey of Income and Housing (cat. no. 6523.0)
Australian Demographic Statistics (cat. no. 3101.0)
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2007, Child Protection Australia, 2006-07 (AIHW cat. no. CWS 31)
Divorces, Australia (cat. no. 3307.0.55.001)
Family Characteristics (cat. no. 4442.0)
Household and Family Projections, Australia (cat. no. 3236.0.55.002)
Labour Force, Australia, Labour Force Status and Other Characteristics of Families (cat. no. 6224.0.55.001)
Marriages, Australia (cat. no. 3306.0.55.001)
NSW Department of Aboriginal Affairs, Two Ways Together Report on Indicators 2007
NSW Department of Community Services, Key Information and Directory System (KiDS), 2006-07
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