1307.6 - Tasmanian State and Regional Indicators, Dec 2008
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 30/01/2009
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FAMILY AND COMMUNITY
In 2006, there were 128,660 families recorded in Tasmania. Of these, couple families with no children accounted for 40.5%, couple families with children represented 41.4% and one parent families made up 16.7%. Most families with children, regardless of being couple families or one parent families, had children aged under 15 years.
MARRIAGES AND DIVORCES
The number of registered marriages in Tasmania has remained relatively steady over the last five years, with the crude marriage rate varying little. Median age at marriage increased slightly from 31.6 years for males in 2002 to 32.7 years in 2006 and 29.1 years for females in 2002 to 29.9 years in 2006. Marriages involving cohabitation prior to marriage increased from 79.6% in 2002 to 82.1% in 2006.
In 2006, over half of all divorces involved children. The crude divorce rate decreased slightly over the last five years, from 2.9% in 2002 to 2.5% in 2006. In 2006, the median duration of marriage prior to divorce was 13.5 years.
SOCIAL MARITAL STATUS
In 2006, 49.9% of all Tasmanians aged 15 years and over were in a registered marriage. This compared to 52.0% in 2001 and 55.2% in 1996.
In 2006, 35,700 persons or 10.4% of all Tasmanians aged 15 years and over were in a de facto marriage, compared to 22,400 in 1996. This represented an increase of 59.0% in persons in de facto marriages over the ten year period 1996-2006.
In 2006, the percentage of persons aged 15 years and over in Tasmania who were not married remained relatively steady, increasing only slightly to 39.6%, from 39.4% in 2001 and 38.0% in 1996.
In 2003, of children aged 0-17 years with a natural parent living elsewhere, 28.2% had face to face contact at least once a week, 17.5% had face to face contact less than once a week but at least once a fortnight, and 15.8% had face to face contact less than once a fortnight but at least once every 1-3 months. Almost a quarter (23.3%) of all children aged 0-17 years with a natural parent living elsewhere had face to face contact less than once a year or never.
Nearly half (49.4%) of all children with a natural parent living elsewhere never stay overnight with the parent living elsewhere.
LABOUR FORCE STATUS OF PARENTS
In 2006, more than half (58.4%) of all dependent children in couple families had both parents employed. The likelihood of both parents being employed increased with the age of the children, from 45.9% of dependent children aged 0-4 years to 75.6% of dependent children aged 21-24 years. At the same time, 32.1% of dependent children in couple families had one parent employed. The likelihood of dependent children in couple families having one parent employed decreased with the age of the children, from 43.2% of dependent children aged 0-4 years to 17.4% of dependent children aged 21-24 years.
Of one parent families with dependent children, 49.9% of children had an employed parent. The likelihood of the parent being employed increased with the age of the children, from 27.4% of dependent children aged 0-4 years to 70.7% of dependent children aged 21-24 years.
Of children living in couple families with children, only 8.3% had neither parent employed, compared to 48.3% of children in one parent families. The likelihood of neither parent in a couple family with children being employed varied little with the age of the children, decreasing only slightly from 9.5% of dependent children aged 0-4 years to 6.6% of dependent children aged 21-24 years. However, the likelihood of the parent in a one parent family with dependent children not being employed decreased markedly with the age of the children, from 70.3% for dependent children aged 0-4 years to 29.3% of dependent children aged 21-24 years.
In 2005, 40.6% of children aged 0-12 years used child care. Of these, 11.2% used formal care only, 22.3% used informal care only and 7.1% used both formal and informal care. Long day care centre was the most commonly used form of formal child care (9.1%) followed by family day care centre (4.6%) and before and/or after school care (2.9%). Grandparents provided a significant proportion of informal child care (19.8%).
CHILDREN'S PARTICIPATION IN CULTURAL AND LEISURE ACTIVITIES
In 2006, almost one third (32.2%) of Tasmanian children aged 5-14 years participated in cultural activities. Females were more likely to participate in cultural activities (46.9%) compared to males (18.4%). This included playing a musical instrument (females 21.6% compared to males 14.8%), dancing (females 24.1% compared to males 1.2%) and singing (females 12.2% compared to males 3.0%). Females were also more likely to visit a public library or attend a performing arts event.
More than half (59.2%) of all children aged 5-14 years participated in sport. Of these, males accounted for 60.2% of participants and females 58.4%. Soccer (outdoor) was the highest participation sport amongst Tasmanian children aged 5-14 years (17.5%), attracting 23.7% males and 10.9% females. This was followed by swimming (14.6%) which attracted 11.3% males and 18.4% females, and Australian Rules Football (10.0%) which attracted 18.4% males and 0.9% females.
Leisure pursuits were dominated by watching TV, videos or DVDs (95.4%), reading for pleasure (78.8%) and bike riding (72.5%). Most children used a computer (94.1%), with 61.2% having accessed the Internet.
Participation in organised sport increased with age, from 40.9% of children aged 5-8 years to 72.7% of children aged 12-14 years. Use of the Internet also increased with age, from 36.1% of children aged 5-8 years to 83.9% of children aged 12-14 years, as did homework or other study, which increased from 48.4% of children aged 5-8 years to 84.9% of children aged 12-14 years.
Participation in art and craft activities decreased with age, from 70.6% of children aged 5-8 years to 29.3% of children aged 12-14 years. Skateboarding or rollerblading also decreased with age, from 21.0% of children aged 5-8 years to 13.2% of children aged 12-14 years, as did bike riding, which decreased from 79.4% of children aged 5-8 years to 60.0% of children aged 12-14 years. Use of a computer, but not the Internet, decreased from 50.4% of children aged 5-8 years to 13.7% of children aged 12-14 years.
Participation in organised cultural activities, playing electronic or computer games, watching TV, videos or DVDs, and reading for pleasure remained relatively steady as children aged.
In the week prior to the General Social Survey 2006, 84.0% of all persons in Tasmania aged 18 years and over had face to face contact with family or friends living outside the household. Face to face contact was made by 85.3% of all females and 82.6% of all males aged 18 years and over. Face to face contact decreased with age, from 90.6% of persons aged 18-24 years to 77.4% of persons aged 75 years and over.
Other forms of contact with family and friends living outside the household were measured over a three month period. From March to July 2006, 91.0% of the Tasmanian population aged 18 years and over used a fixed telephone to contact family or friends living outside the household. This was followed by mobile phone/SMS (70.4%), Internet such as email or chat rooms (37.0%), and mail (including cards) or fax (26.4%). Fixed telephone and mail were most commonly used by persons aged 65-74 years. Mobile phone/SMS were most commonly used by persons aged 18-24 years. Internet such as email or chat rooms was most commonly used by persons aged 25-34 years. Females were more likely to use mail, fixed telephone and Internet. Males were more likely to use mobile phone/SMS.
The majority of persons aged 18 years and over attended at least one cultural and leisure venue or event in the last 12 months (86.9%). The most visited venues or events were cinemas (58.8%), libraries (43.4%), botanic gardens (37.2%) and museums (37.0%). Females were more likely to attend a cultural and leisure venue or event, while males were more likely to attend or participate in a sporting event or recreational physical activity.
According to the General Social Survey 2006, 36.0% of Tasmanians aged 18 years and over undertook voluntary work in the 12 months prior to July 2006. Most volunteers were engaged in fundraising/sales (19.4%) followed by preparing/serving food (13.1%). This trend was reflected in persons aged 25-34 years, 35-44 years, 45-54 years and 55-65 years. Persons aged 18-24 years were primarily engaged in teaching/instruction/providing information (15.0%) followed by fundraising/sales (14.8%). The majority of persons aged 65 years and over were engaged in fundraising/sales (19.6%) followed by administration/clerical/recruitment/information management (12.7%).
TYPE OF INTERNET CONNECTION
On Census night 2006, more than a quarter of Tasmanian dwellings (excluding not stated) had broadband internet access (28.6%), closely followed by dial-up connection (25.7%). Of all occupied private Tasmanian dwellings, 45.1% had no Internet connection.
Greater Hobart Statistical Division (SD) had the highest proportion of broadband connection (33.2%), compared to dial-up (24.1%). Northern SD reported 28.4% of dwellings with broadband and 25.1% with dial-up. Mersey-Lyell SD reported 24.2% with broadband and 26.7% with dial-up, and Southern SD reported 15.7% with broadband and 34.2% with dial-up.
Southern SD had the highest proportion of dwellings with no Internet connection (49.6%), followed by Mersey-Lyell SD (48.5%) and Northern SD (45.9%). Greater Hobart SD had the lowest (41.9%).
2006 Census of Population and Housing (ABS Community Profiles)
Australian Historic Population Statistics (ABS cat no. 3105.0.65.001)
Child Care, Australia (ABS cat. no. 4402.0)
Children's Participation in Cultural and Leisure Activities, Australia (ABS cat. no. 4901.0)
Divorces, Australia (ABS cat. no. 3307.0.55.001)
Family Characteristics, Australia (ABS cat. no. 4442.0)
General Social Survey, Tasmania (ABS cat. no. 4159.6.55.001)
Marriages, Australia (ABS cat. no. 3306.0.55.001)
Marriages and Divorces, Australia (ABS cat. no. 3310.0)
Further information can also be found on the Family and Community Statistics Theme Page of the ABS website.
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