1307.6 - Tasmanian State and Regional Indicators, Dec 2008
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 30/01/2009
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At 30 June 2007, Tasmania had 17,969km of government-owned roads. This included roads owned by national, state and local governments. It excluded private roads, unformed roads and tracks.
The AUSLINK National Network was responsible for 482km of roads, all of which were sealed. Of these, 88km (18.3%) were in Greater Hobart-Southern Region, 257km (53.3%) were in Northern Region, and 137km (28.4%) were in Mersey-Lyell Region.
The state government administered 3,264km of roads in Tasmania, 96.3% of which were sealed. Greater Hobart-Southern Region had 1,297km (39.7%) of these roads, all of which were sealed; Northern Region had 913km (28.0%), 99.3% of which were sealed; and Mersey-Lyell Region had 1,055km (32.3%), 89.2% of which were sealed.
Roads owned by local governments covered 14,173km, less than half (49.3%) of which were sealed. Greater Hobart-Southern Region had 5,226km (36.9%) of these roads, 42.0% of which were sealed; Northern Region had 4,919km (34.7%), 52.9% of which were sealed; and Mersey-Lyell Region had 4,028km (28.4%), 54.2% of which were sealed.
In 2006, there were 378,865 vehicles registered in Tasmania. Of these, 40.7% were manufactured between 1991-2000, 30.6% between 2001-2006, 22.4% between 1981-1990, 4.9% between 1971-1980, and 1.4% before 1970. Passenger vehicles accounted for 72.1% of all registered vehicles in Tasmania, followed by light commercial vehicles (20.0%), motor cycles (2.9%), heavy rigid trucks (2.1%) and campervans (1.0%).
According to the 2006 Census of Population and Housing, 37.4% of occupied private dwellings in Tasmania had one motor vehicle, 36.6% had two motor vehicles, 11.7% had three motor vehicles and 5.4% had four or more motor vehicles. Almost 1 in 10 occupied private dwellings (9.0%) did not have a motor vehicle.
Southern Midlands (11.1%) had the highest proportion of occupied private dwellings with four or more cars, followed by Central Highlands and Kentish (both 9.2%), Meander Valley (8.2%) and Dorset (8.0%).
Glenorchy (14.1%) had the highest proportion of occupied private dwellings with no motor vehicles, followed by Hobart (13.0%), Flinders (12.4%), Launceston (11.8%) and West Coast (11.3%).
The number of drivers' licences increased steadily, from 328,063 in 2003 to 352,062 in 2007, an increase of 7.3%. The number of full basic drivers' licences increased 4.8%, from 298,894 in 2003 to 313,299 in 2007. There was a dramatic increase (71.9%) in the number of learner drivers' licences, from 12,348 in 2003 to 21,221 in 2007. During the same period, the number of provisional drivers' licences increased 4.3%, from 16,821 in 2003 to 17,542 in 2007.
PERSONS KILLED OR INJURED IN ROAD CRASHES
The number of persons killed or injured in road crashes remained relatively unchanged during the 5 year period 2003-2007. Fatalities fluctuated between 41 and 58, while serious injuries decreased from 390 in 2003 to 332 in 2007. Minor injuries increased from 1,452 in 2003 to 1,502 in 2006.
In 2007, more than half of all road crash fatalities were drivers (56.1%), followed by passengers (26.8%), motorcyclists (17.1%) and pedestrians/bicyclists (14.6%).
Southern Midlands (10.3%) had the highest proportion of serious casualties, followed by Northern Midlands (6.1%), Clarence (5.8%), Huon Valley (5.5%) and Meander Valley (5.3%).
In 2007, 257 (67.8%) serious casualties were male. This was more than double the 122 (32.2%) female serious casualties. Male serious casualties outnumbered females in all age groups. Younger males, aged 17-29 years, were most likely to be a serious casualty (24.8%), followed by males aged 30-49 years (22.7%) and females aged 17-29 years (10.0%).
Over one third (34.8%) of serious casualties were aged 17-29 years, 30.6% were aged 30-49 years, 13.2% were aged 50-64 years, 10.8% were aged under 17 years, and 9.5% were aged 65 years and over.
Neck injuries accounted for the highest proportion (30.0%) of injury claims lodged at the Motor Accident Insurance Board (MAIB) in 2006-07, followed by trunk injuries (18.0%) and arm injuries (14.0%). Fatalities accounted for 2.0% of all claims lodged.
METHOD OF TRAVEL TO WORK
According to the 2006 Census of Population and Housing, most employed persons aged 15 years and over in Tasmania (81.5%) used one method of travel to get to work, less than 1% used two methods of travel to get to work, 4.8% worked at home and 12.7% did not go to work. Of employed persons who used one method of transport to get to work, most (76.6%) travelled by car, as driver, followed by car, as passenger (8.9%) and walking (7.1%).
BUS PASSENGER MOVEMENTS
There were 9.9 million Metro bus passenger trips in Tasmania in 2006-07, an increase of 4.2% in passenger trips from the 2002-03 figure of 9.5 million. Of the trips made in 2006-07, some 7.7 million (77.1%) were in Hobart, 1.8 million (17.8%) were in Launceston and 0.5 million (5.1%) were in Burnie.
During the five year period 2002-03 to 2006-07, Hobart experienced a 6.8% increase in bus passenger movements, while Launceston (-2.9%) and Burnie (-6.4%) both experienced a decrease.
AIR PASSENGER MOVEMENTS
In 2006-07, most air passenger movement in Tasmania occurred in and out of Hobart airport (1.6 million) and Launceston airport (996,000), compared with Devonport and Burnie (Wynyard) airports (both 88,000), King Island (30,000) and Flinders Island (18,000).
During the 5 year period 2002-03 to 2006-07, most of the main airports in Tasmania experienced a substantial increase in the number of passengers boarding or departing by major domestic and regional airlines. Flinders Island experienced the highest percentage change (157.1%), with an increase in air passenger movements from 7,000 in 2002-03 to 18,000 in 2006-07. For the same period, this was followed by King Island, with an increase from 16,000 to 30,000 (87.5%); Launceston from 574,000 to 996,000 (73.5%); and Hobart from 1.0 million to 1.6 million (61.3%). Devonport (-19.3%) and Burnie (Wynyard) (-1.1%) both experienced decreased air passenger movement during the same period.
BASS STRAIT FERRY MOVEMENTS
In 2006-07, the TT-Line operated 825 voyages across Bass Strait, carrying 393,700 passengers, 177,800 vehicles and 77,700 twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs) of freight. This was a substantial decrease in the number of voyages, passengers and vehicles from the previous four years due to the sale of Spirit of Tasmania 'III' in September 2006. This vessel began operating in January 2004 between Devonport and Sydney. Current services of Spirit of Tasmania operate between Devonport and Melbourne.
In 2004-05, a total of 8.9 billion tonne-kilometres was carried in Tasmania. Most domestic freight was carried by sea (51.7%), followed by road (38.2%) and rail (10.1%). From 2002-03 to 2004-05, the amount of shipped domestic freight decreased by 20.7%, from 60.4% in 2002-03 to 51.7% in 2004-05. The proportion of domestic freight carried by road increased almost 10.0%, from 32.3% to 38.2%. Transportation of domestic freight by rail also increased (12.5%) during the same period, from 8.3% to 10.1%.
In 2006-07, most international freight was carried by sea (99.9%), compared with air (0.1%). Woodchips, iron ore and zinc were the leading commodities exported overseas by sea. At the same time lobster, abalone and cherries were the main Tasmanian produce exported overseas by air.
From 2002-03 to 2006-07 the amount of shipped international freight decreased by 25.5%, from 10.2 million tonnes to 7.6 million tonnes. During the same period, international freight by air increased by 18.5%, from 5,600 tonnes to 6,700 tonnes.
2006 Census of Population and Housing (ABS Basic Community Profile, Tables B29 and B45)
Australian Maritime Safety Authority (AMSA)
Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics (BITRE)
Department of Infrastructure, Energy and Resources (DIER), Tasmania
Department of Premier and Cabinet (DPAC), Tasmania
Department of Treasury and Finance (DOTAF), Tasmania
International Trade Data (ABS data available on request)
Metro Tasmania Pty Ltd
Motor Accidents Insurance Board (MAIB)
Motor Vehicle Census, Australia (ABS cat. no. 9309.0)
Spirit of Tasmania (TT-Line)
Survey of Motor Vehicle Use (ABS cat. no. 9208.0)
Survey of Motor Vehicle Use Data Cubes (ABS cat. no. 9210.0.55.001)
Further information can also be found on the Transport Statistics Theme Page of the ABS website.
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