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8683.0 - Casinos, Australia , 2000-01  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 07/12/2001   
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SUMMARY OF FINDINGS


INTRODUCTION

This publication presents results, in respect of the 2000-01 financial year, from an Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) census of Australian casino businesses.

Size of Industry

At the end of June 2001, there were 13 casinos operating in Australia, employing a total of 20,413 persons. These casinos generated a total income of $3,137m, with takings from gambling contributing $2,504m or 80% to the total income.

The casinos industry incurred total expenses of $2,599m during 2000-01, resulting in an operating profit before tax of $537m. This represents an increase of 19% over the operating profit before tax recorded in 1999-2000 of $452m. The operating profit margin for the casinos industry was 17.4% in 2000-01, continuing the increasing trend from 3.4% in 1998-99 and 15.1% recorded in 1999-2000.

The industry value added of the casinos industry increased by 5% from $1,564m in 1999-2000 to $1,648 in 2000-01.

Sources of Income

The casinos industry generated $3,137m in income during 2000-01, an increase of 3% on the 1999-2000 figure of $3,038m.

Takings from gambling ($2,504m) has increased by 4% since 1999-2000 and was the most significant source of income for casinos, representing 80% of their total income.

Expenses

Total expenses for the casino industry during 2000-01 were $2,599m, which was a slight increase since 1999-2000.

As with previous years, labour costs remained the most significant expense, accounting for 32% ($842m) of total expenses. Gambling taxes and levies ($503m) were the next most significant expense for casinos and represented 19% of total expenses.

Gambling facilities

At the end of June 2001, there was a total of 10,853 poker/gaming machines in the 13 casinos in Australia. This represents a slight increase on the 10,825 poker/gaming machines in place at the end of June 2000.

In contrast, the number of gaming tables in casinos at 30 June 2001 (1,111) continued to decline from 1,119 tables at the end of June 2000 and 1,129 tables at the end of June 1999.

Employment

At the end of June 2001, the casino industry employed 20,413 persons, a slight decrease from the 20,497 persons employed at the end of June 2000.

The majority (60%) of persons in the industry (12,319) were employed on a permanent full-time basis, comprising 7,593 males and 4,726 females. In addition, there were 4,485 casual employees and 3,609 permanent part-time employees at the end of June 2001.

TABLE 1 KEY FIGURES


Unit
1998-99
1999-2000
2000-01

Casinos at end June
no.
13
13
13
Employment at end June
Permanent employees
no.
15,543
16,039
15,928
Casual employees
no.
4,799
4,458
4,485
Total
no.
20,342
20,497
20,413
Gambling equipment at end June
Gaming/poker machines
no.
10,733
10,825
10,853
Gaming tables
no.
1,129
1,119
1,111
Income
Takings from gambling
$m
2,217.8
2,397.4
2,503.5
Other income
$m
563.4
640.4
633.3
Total
$m
2,781.2
3,037.9
3,136.8
Expenses
Labour costs
$m
790.7
819.1
841.8
Poker machine, keno and other gambling taxes/levies
$m
451.0
478.6
502.8
Other expenses
$m
1,421.8
1,282.6
1,254.1
Total
$m
2,663.5
2,580.3
2,598.7
Operating profit before tax
$m
92.6
452.2
536.6
Operating profit margin
%
3.4
15.1
17.4
Industry value added
$m
1,238.2
1,563.6
1,648.2

Copyright Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2001

EXPLANATORY NOTES


INTRODUCTION

1 This publication presents results, in respect of 2000-01, from an Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) census of the 13 casinos operating in Australia.


SCOPE

2 The scope of the census included all businesses classified to Class 9322, Casinos, of the 1993 edition of the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC). This class consisted of units mainly engaged in providing a range of gambling services in addition to totalisator or gaming machine services, and other amusements, in a building to which the general public has access. Included are units providing food, liquor and accommodation services in addition to a full range of gambling services.

3 The scope of the census excluded businesses mainly operating on-line casino game sites.


STATISTICAL UNIT

4 The unit for which statistics are produced in this publication is operating casino sites. Where the casino and any attached accommodation unit are managed as a single operation, then the total operations of the statistical unit have been included. Conversely, if the accommodation unit is separately operated, then data for the accommodation unit have not been included.


REFERENCE PERIOD

5 Data contained in the tables in this publication relate to all casinos which operated in Australia at any time during the year ended June 2001.


RELEASE OF ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

6 It should be noted that, due to confidentiality constraints, no State data is available for release for the casino industry.


RELIABILITY OF DATA

7 Because the census does not have a sample component, the data are not subject to sampling variability. However, other inaccuracies collectively referred to as non-sampling error may affect the data. These non-sampling errors may arise from a number of sources, including: errors in the reporting of data by respondents; errors in the capturing or processing of data; estimation for missing or mis-reported data; and definition and classification errors. Every effort has been made to reduce non-sampling error to a minimum by careful design and testing of questionnaires, efficient operating procedures and systems, and appropriate methodology.


ACKNOWLEDGMENT

8 ABS publications draw extensively on information provided freely by individuals, businesses, governments and other organisations. Their continued cooperation is very much appreciated; without it, the wide range of statistics published by the ABS would not be available. Information received by the ABS is treated in strict confidence as required by the Census and Statistics Act 1905.

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