7121.0 - Agricultural Commodities, Australia, 2016-17 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 21/05/2018   
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KEY FIGURES
LIVESTOCK, Australia, year ended 30 June 2017

Number on holding
Change in number on holding since
2015-16
'000
%

CATTLE AND CALVES

Dairy cattle
Cows in milk and dry
1 520
-2.6
Calves (under one year)
448
-0.7
Heifers (one to two years)
435
-1.3
Heifers (over two years)
121
-7.7
All other dairy cattle (a)
82
0.9
Total dairy cattle
2 606
-2.2
Meat cattle
Calves (Under one year)
5 410
4.8
Cows and heifers (over one year)
12 176
6.3
All other meat cattle (a)
5 984
5.1
Total meat cattle
23 570
5.7
Total cattle and calves
26 176
4.8

SHEEP AND LAMBS

Lambs (under one year)
22 857
7.0
Breeding ewes (one year and over, merino and all other)
39 897
7.3
All other sheep and lambs
9 371
4.1
Total sheep and lambs
72 125
6.8

PIGS

Breeding sows
278
16.0
All other pigs (b)
2 208
7.5
Total pigs
2 486
8.3

(a) Includes bulls and steers
(b) Includes boars, gilts, suckers, weaners, growers and finishers


Graph Image for Livestock

KEY POINTS
  • 2016-17 saw continued re-stocking of the beef herd and increases to sheep and pigs while Victorian and New South Wales dairy herds continue to decrease.
  • Good seasonal conditions in 2016-17 led to readily available pasture and the continuation of the restocking of the beef herd. The herd increased by 6% (up 1.3 million head) with a 1% increase in the number of businesses reporting beef cattle.
  • Broad price and demand issues continued to affect dairy herd and farm numbers in 2016-17, with a 3% fall in Cows in Milk & Dry (down 41,300 head), and Total Dairy down 2% (down by 59,300 head). The number of businesses reporting dairy also fell, down 7% from 7,300 reported in 2015-16 to 6,700.
  • Good seasonal conditions in 2016-17 led to good lambing rates and retention of sheep have contributed to a rise in sheep and lamb numbers. The national sheep and lamb flock increased 7% (up 4.6 million head) with a 2% increase in the number of businesses reporting sheep and lambs.
  • The total pig herd increased 8% nationally in 2016-17 reflecting continued demand for pork products in Australia. Increases to herds were seen in most key producing states, with Victoria and Queensland up 10% and 16%. Both of these states contribute approximately 50% to the national herd.