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Heart, stroke and vascular disease encompasses a range of circulatory conditions including ischaemic heart diseases, cerebrovascular diseases, oedema, heart failure, and diseases of the arteries, arterioles and capillaries. Most commonly this group of conditions is referred to under the broader term of 'heart disease' (or 'cardiovascular disease'). Heart disease remains one of the leading causes of death worldwide, and therefore an emphasis has been placed around preventing its onset through modifying risk factors such as healthy eating, exercise and avoidance of smoking.
In 2011-12, 4.7% of Australians (1.0 million people) reported they had heart disease, a decrease from 2007-08 where 5.2% of Australians (1.1 million people) had heart disease.
The proportion of people with heart disease increased steadily with age, with more than one quarter (27.7%) of all Australians aged 75 years and over having heart disease, and is more common amongst men (5.1%) than women (4.3%).
Footnote(s): (a) Includes ischaemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, oedema, heart failure, and diseases of the arteries, arterioles and capillaries.
Source(s): Australian Health Survey: First Results
For information on measured blood pressure in the Australian Health Survey, see Blood pressure.