Australian Bureau of Statistics

Rate the ABS website
ABS Home > Statistics > By Catalogue Number
ABS @ Facebook ABS @ Twitter ABS RSS ABS Email notification service
1360.0 - Measuring Australia's Economy, 2003  
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 03/02/2003   
   Page tools: Print Print Page RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product  
Contents >> Section 6. Prices and Income >> RBA Commodity Price Index

The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) index of commodity prices has been quite volatile over the past 10 years. However the level of the index has increased substantially since the end of the 1990s, rising from a low of 88.1 in May 1999 to a high of 128.2 in September 2001(on a base of 1994-95 = 100.0). In June 2002, the series recorded 115.7.





RBA INDEX OF COMMODITY PRICES(a) (1994–95= 100.0)
Period
All items

ANNUAL
1998-99
96.7
1999–2000
96.3
2000–01
116.2
2001–02
123.3

MONTHLY
2000–01
April
124.4
May
123.1
June
122.6
2001–02
July
124.2
August
122.6
September
128.2
October
126.1
November
123.1
December
122.8
January
124.7
February
126.6
March
124.7
April
121.7
May
118.9
June
115.7

(a) Monthly average data.

Source: Reserve Bank of Australia Bulletin.


Explanatory Notes

The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) developed the commodity price index to provide an early indication of trends in Australia’s export prices. To make the index easier to understand and more relevant the RBA made the following changes to the index in 1998:
  • the index is now calculated as a fixed-weight Laspeyeres index;
  • the index was rebased from 1989-90 to 1994-95; and
  • crude oil was excluded.
The updated index was spliced onto the previous index at July 1989.

There are 17 commodities included in the index representing approximately 75% of Australia's commodity exports. The weights given to each commodity can vary over time to allow for changes in the composition of exports.

Indexes for rural and non-rural components are calculated as well as for total commodities. In June 2000 rural commodities made up 33.2% of the overall index, with beef and veal, wool, wheat and sugar being the main rural commodities. Non-rural commodities make up the rest of the index, with gold, coking and steaming coal, iron ore and aluminium being the main non-rural commodities.

The Government and private enterprise use the RBA commodity price index to predict Australia's export earnings and future economic prospects.


Further Reading

Reserve Bank of Australia Bulletin
Presents monthly estimates for the Reserve Bank of Australia commodity price index for rural, non-rural and all items. See article in the September 1998 issue for an explanation of the index.

Reserve Bank of Australia Index of Commodity Prices
A monthly Reserve Bank of Australia press release that provides the commodity price index.

Previous PageNext Page

Bookmark and Share. Opens in a new window


Commonwealth of Australia 2014

Unless otherwise noted, content on this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia Licence together with any terms, conditions and exclusions as set out in the website Copyright notice. For permission to do anything beyond the scope of this licence and copyright terms contact us.