Australian Bureau of Statistics

Rate the ABS website
ABS Home > Statistics > By Catalogue Number
ABS @ Facebook ABS @ Twitter ABS RSS ABS Email notification service
4114.0 - Attendance at Selected Cultural Venues and Events, Australia, 2009-10 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 21/12/2010   
   Page tools: Print Print Page Print all pages in this productPrint All RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product

GLOSSARY

Age

This is the person's age on their last birthday.

Archives

Respondents were asked whether they had been to any archives in the last 12 months. This category included the National Archives of Australia or any of their reading rooms in any of the states and territories; The National Film and Sound Archive or one of their access centres in any of the states and territories; and the State/Territory Archives. Other archives including those at a church, school, council or historical society were excluded, as was online access to an archive.

Advanced diploma and diploma

This level provides a knowledge and skills base, incorporating theoretical concepts, with substantial depth in some areas.

Art galleries

Respondents were asked whether they had been to any public art galleries in the last 12 months. It was left to the respondent to interpret what was meant by 'public art galleries'. This category could include national, state and regional galleries primarily engaged in the collection, acquisition, research into, conservation, communication and exhibition of visual art and craft objects. If the respondent asked for clarification they were advised to exclude commercial art galleries where works are exhibited for sale, the viewing of a display or collection by chance rather than by intention, and visiting an art gallery to attend the launch of products or if the primary purpose was to go to a cafe, restaurant or shop.

Attendance rate

For any group, this is calculated by expressing the number of people who attended a venue or event at least once during the year as a percentage of the population aged 15 years and over in the same group.

Bachelor degree

This level provides study of a systematic and coherent broad body of knowledge, the underlying principles and concepts and the associated communication and problem-solving skills. This level develops the academic skills necessary to comprehend and evaluate new information, concepts and evidence from a range of sources.

Balance of state/territory

This category comprises people usually resident in areas outside of the six state capital city Statistical Divisions, including all residents of the Northern Territory (except those in very remote areas) and the Australian Capital Territory.

Botanic gardens

Respondents were asked whether they had been to any botanic gardens in the last 12 months. It was left to the respondent to interpret what was meant by 'botanic gardens'. This category could include institutions established as a large garden to collect, study, exchange and display native and/or exotic plants. If the respondent asked for clarification they were advised to exclude conservation parks, national parks, use of a botanic garden for the sole purpose of exercise, and garden and flower shows.

Capital cities

The areas determining the six state capital cities are the Statistical Divisions for those capital cities defined in Australian Standard Geographical Classification (ASGC) (cat.no. 1216.0). Darwin and Canberra statistical divisions are included in the 'Balance of state/territory' category.

Certificate

This level provides a knowledge and skills base ranging from an understanding of basic concepts and the ability to perform a defined range of routine and predictable activities, to a breadth, depth and complexity of knowledge incorporating some theoretical concepts and the ability to apply knowledge and skills to a variety of contexts most of which are complex and non-routine. Levels III and IV provide a broad knowledge base incorporating some theoretical concepts and the skills necessary: to perform a broad range of skilled applications; to provide technical advice of a complex nature; and to provide workgroup leadership when organising activities. Levels I and II provide a knowledge and skills base ranging from basic knowledge in a narrow range of areas to basic operational knowledge in a moderate range of areas.

Cinemas

Respondents were asked whether they had been to a cinema or drive-in in the last 12 months. It was left to the respondent to interpret what was meant by 'cinema or drive-in'. This category could include public screenings of films at other locations (e.g. at a community hall) in addition to cinema screenings. If the respondent asked for clarification they were advised to exclude movies viewed on public transport.

Classical music concerts

Respondents were asked whether they had been to any classical music concerts in the last 12 months. It was left to the respondent to interpret what was meant by 'classical music concerts'. This category could include performances given by symphony, philharmonic, youth and theatre orchestras, chamber and choral groups presenting, in the main, performances of classical, oratorio, early and contemporary music. Individual performers and singers, vocal ensembles and other groups presenting music, other than popular music, may also be included. If the respondent asked for clarification they were advised to exclude opera or operetta and primary or secondary school productions.

Couple family

A household consisting of a couple and at least one dependent child usually resident in the household. Related non-dependent children may also be present in the household. Households which also have other related or unrelated residents are included.

Couple only

A household consisting of a couple with no other related or unrelated persons usually resident.

Dance performances

Respondents were asked whether they had been to any dance performances in the last 12 months. It was left to the respondent to interpret what was meant by 'dance performances'. These performances could include ballet, classical dance, contemporary dance, modern dance, dance theatre, dance revue, ethnic and folk dance companies and dance in education companies. If the respondent asked for clarification they were advised to exclude eisteddfods, variety dance shows such as ‘dance on ice’ and primary or secondary school performances.

Dependent child/ren

These are all people aged under 15 years; and people aged 15-24 years who are full-time students, have a parent in the household and do not have a partner or child of their own in the household.

Employed

All persons aged 15 years and over who, during the reference week:

  • worked for one hour or more for pay, profit, commission or payment in kind in a job or business, or on a farm (comprising employees, employers and own account workers); or
  • worked for one hour or more without pay in a family business or on a farm (i.e. contributing family workers); or
  • were employees who had a job but were not at work and were:
      • away from work for less than four weeks up to the end of the reference week; or
      • away from work for more than four weeks up to the end of the reference week and received pay for some or all of the four week period to the end of the reference week; or
      • away from work as a standard work or shift arrangement; or
      • on strike or locked out; or
      • on workers' compensation and expected to return to their job; or
  • were employers or own account workers, who had a job, business or farm, but were not at work.

Equivalised household income

Equivalising adjusts actual income to take into account the different needs of the households of different sizes and compositions. There are economic advantages associated with living with others, because household resources, especially housing, can be shared.

The equivalence scale used to obtain equivalised income is that used in studies by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and is referred to as the 'modified OECD scale'. The scale gives a weight of 1.0 to the first adult in the household, a weight of 0.5 for each additional adult (persons aged 15 years and over) and a weight of 0.3 for every child. For each household, the weights of the household members are added together to form a household weight. Total household income is then divided by the household weight to give an income that a lone person household would need for a similar standard of living.

Equivalised household income can be viewed as an indicator of the economic resources available to each member of the household.

Family

This comprises two or more people, one of whom is at least 15 years of age, who are related by blood, marriage (registered or de facto), adoption, step or fostering, and who usually live in the same household. A separate family is formed for each married couple, or for each set of parent-child relationships where only one parent is present.

Full-time workers

Employed persons who usually worked 35 hours or more a week (in all jobs) and those who, although usually working less than 35 hours a week, worked 35 hours or more during the reference week.

Graduate diploma and graduate certificate

This level provides graduate specialisation within a systematic and coherent body of knowledge, and develops or broadens vocational knowledge, skills and practical experience in a new or existing field of professional study.

Household

A household is defined as a group of two or more related or unrelated people who usually reside in the same dwelling, who regard themselves as a household, and who make common provision for food or other essentials for living; or a person living in a dwelling who makes provision for his/her own food and other essentials for living, without combining with any other person.

Income quintiles

When originally ranking and deriving income quintiles, the same dollar values can appear in adjoining quintiles. The quintile boundaries were then adjusted so that each quintile range was mutually exclusive. The impact of this is minor but it should be noted that the income quintiles only approximate 20% of the estimated population. Cases where the income was not stated, not known or refused are recorded as 'Income not known or not stated' and were excluded from the calculation of the quintiles. See also Quintiles.

Labour force status

A classification of the civilian population aged 15 years and over into employed, unemployed or not in the labour force, as defined. The definitions conform closely to the international standard definitions adopted by the International Conferences of Labour Statisticians.

Libraries

Respondents were asked whether they had made use of a local, council, state or national library in the last 12 months. It was left to the respondent to interpret what was meant by this. This category includes national and state libraries as well as public libraries. The latter are institutions funded by state and local government which are primarily engaged in the provision of a free library service to the population of a community or region. Special libraries and those located in educational institutions are excluded from this category. If the respondent asked for clarification they were advised to exclude visits to libraries if the primary purpose was to go to a cafe, restaurant or shop.

Lone person household

A household consisting of a person living alone.

Main English-speaking countries

The list of main English-speaking countries (MESC) provided here is not an attempt to classify countries on the basis of whether or not English is the predominant or official language of each country. It is a list of the main countries from which Australia receives, or has received, significant numbers of overseas settlers who are likely to speak English. These countries comprise the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, New Zealand, Canada, South Africa and the United States of America. Non-MESC describes people originating from countries where a language other than English is likely to be spoken by migrants. It is important to note that being from a non main English-speaking country does not imply a lack of proficiency in English.

Museums

Respondents were asked whether they had been to any museums in the last 12 months. It was left to the respondent to interpret what was meant by 'museums'. These could include organisations involved in the collection, acquisition, research into, conservation, communication and exhibition of the material evidence of people, their culture and environment, for the purposes of study, education and enjoyment by the general public and/or specialists. If the respondent asked for clarification they were advised to include science and technology, history, natural science, transport and specialist museums, science centres, museums and art galleries combined, and historical theme parks, and to exclude art museums and galleries and visits to museums if the primary purpose was to go to a cafe, restaurant or shop.

Musicals and operas

Respondents were asked whether they had been to any musicals or any operas in the last 12 months. It was left to the respondent to interpret what was meant by 'musicals' and 'operas'. This category could include major musical productions, operas and operettas, performed in front of a live audience. If the respondent asked for clarification they were advised to exclude variety, cabaret and instrumental music performances and primary or secondary school productions.

Non-dependent child/ren

These are all people aged 15 years or over (except those aged 15-24 years who are full-time students) who have a parent in the household and do not have a partner or child of their own in the household.

Not in labour force

Persons who were not in the categories employed or unemployed as defined.

One-parent family

A household consisting of a lone parent and at least one dependent child usually resident in the household. Related non-dependent children may also be present in the household. Households which also have other related or unrelated residents are included.

Other households

Comprises all households not otherwise defined, including multiple family households, and households consisting of unrelated adults.

Other performing arts

Respondents were asked whether they had been to any other performing arts (excluding music concerts, operas, musicals, theatre and dance performances) in the last 12 months. It was left to the respondent to interpret what was meant by 'other performing arts'. This category could include performing artists, working individually or in groups or companies. Some examples may be acrobats, clowns, fire eaters, sword swallowers, stilt walkers, trick cyclists, magicians, ventriloquists, pantomime and mime artists, comedians, ice dancing, reciters, poetry readers and oral history performance artists. This category also includes variety shows, revues, and circuses.

Part-time workers

Employed persons who usually worked less than 35 hours a week (in all jobs) and either did so during the reference week, or were not at work in the reference week.

Popular music concerts

Respondents were asked whether they had been to any other music concerts, excluding classical music concerts, in the last 12 months. It was left to the respondent to interpret what was meant by 'other music concerts'. This category may include the presentation, in front of live audiences, of popular music performances by individual musicians and vocalists as well as by orchestras, brass and concert bands, music groups, etc. If the respondent asked for clarification they were advised to include country and western concerts, ethnic and multicultural music, pub bands, concerts in the park, performing disc jockeys, and watching the taping of popular music-based television shows. They were advised to exclude busking and street parades, demonstrations, sporting events, performances that the respondent viewed while pursuing another activity and primary or secondary school productions.

Postgraduate degree

This level provides for in-depth study in a particular field, and builds on the knowledge and skills gained from previous study. There is usually emphasis on original research. This level includes Doctorates and Master Degrees, either by research or course work.

Quintiles

Groupings that result from ranking all households or people in the population in ascending order according to some characteristic such as their income and then dividing the population into five equal groups, each comprising around 20% of the estimated population. See also Income quintiles.

Theatre performances

Respondents were asked whether they had been to any theatre performance, such as a play or drama, in the last 12 months. These could include live performances, by actors or puppets, of plays where the entire, or a major part of the performance, does not use song and music. If the respondent asked for clarification they were advised to include alternate, playback, puppet, fringe, youth and community theatre, theatre sports and theatre of the deaf as well as drama, comedy, mime and theatre-in-education. They were advised to exclude circuses, touring 'club' shows, variety acts, operas and musicals, and primary and secondary school performances.

Unemployed

Persons aged 15 years and over who were not employed during the reference week, and:
  • had actively looked for full-time or part-time work at any time in the four weeks up to the end of the reference week and were available for work in the reference week; or
  • were waiting to start a new job within four weeks from the end of the reference week and could have started in the reference week if the job had been available then.

Usual residence

A usual residence is a dwelling that is a person’s only or main residence. If a person resided in more than one dwelling, the usual residence was the dwelling with which the person had the strongest family and/or economic ties. This would normally be the person’s permanent home base or place of permanent address.

Year 12

This level provides the basis for further study in both higher education and vocational education and training, and for entry to the workforce. Year 12 marks the completion of secondary education.

Year 11

This level provides the basis for further study in both higher education and vocational education and training, and for entry to the workforce.

Year 10

This level develops knowledge of specific subjects by expanding on Year 9 education. It also provides a foundation for lifelong learning by preparing students for further study and enabling them to acquire work-related skills necessary for entry to the workforce.

Zoological parks and aquariums

Respondents were asked whether they had been to any zoos, wildlife parks or aquariums or marine parks in the last 12 months. It was left to the respondent to interpret what was meant by 'zoos', 'wildlife parks', 'aquariums' and 'marine parks'. This category could include zoological gardens, other wildlife parks, aquariums and marine parks primarily engaged in the breeding, preservation, study and display of native and/or exotic fauna in captivity, enclosures or natural environments, so as to be accessible to the general public. If the respondent asked for clarification they were advised to exclude national parks and sanctuaries, as well as marine parks such as the Great Barrier Reef.


Bookmark and Share. Opens in a new window

Commonwealth of Australia 2014

Unless otherwise noted, content on this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia Licence together with any terms, conditions and exclusions as set out in the website Copyright notice. For permission to do anything beyond the scope of this licence and copyright terms contact us.