3218.0 - Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18 Quality Declaration 
Latest ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 27/03/2019   
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AUSTRALIAN POPULATION GRID 2018

This release presents preliminary estimated resident population (ERP) for 2018, represented as 1 km2 grid cells across Australia. This grid resolution offers a measure of population density and depicts the distribution of population across the Australian landmass. The population value represented in the grid cells has been modelled from the preliminary 2018 population estimates for Statistical Area Level 1 regions in the 2016 Australian Statistical Geography Standard (ASGS). Figure 1 is a population density map using the 1 km2 grid.

FIGURE 1. ESTIMATED RESIDENT POPULATION DENSITY GRID, June 2018
Image: Map showing Estimated Resident Population Density Grid, June 2018

Australia's most densely populated area in 2018 was near the northern part of the Melbourne central business district. The 1 km2 grid cell covering this area had an estimated resident population of 27,303.

Figure 2 compares the population grid for Sydney and Melbourne. It shows that Sydney had more areas in the highest density range shown in the map with 53 km2 exceeding 8,000 people per square kilometre compared to Melbourne which only had 15 km2 exceeding 8,000 people per square kilometre. Sydney also had larger and more widely spread areas of the second highest density class with 128 km2 of between 5,000 and 8,000 people per square kilometre, while Melbourne had 56 km2 in the same range. Brisbane was the only other capital city to register in these higher density categories with 13 km2 between 5,000 and 8,000 people per square kilometre.

FIGURE 2. ESTIMATED RESIDENT POPULATION GRID AROUND MELBOURNE AND SYDNEY, June 2018
Image: Maps showing Estimated Resident Population Grid around Melbourne and Sydney, June 2018



Table 1 shows the area within each Greater Capital City Statistical Area (GCCSA) under 6 population density classes, from no population to very high. These areas are calculated from the Population Grid and the classes are based on the ranges used in Figures 1 and 2. The Brisbane GCCSA had the largest area of very low population density (less than 500 people per square kilometre) at 9,637 km˛ in 2018. This highlights the spread of low density population around Brisbane and also the relatively large extent of the Brisbane GCCSA when compared with other capital cities.

TABLE 1. TOTAL AREA IN SIX POPULATION DENSITY CLASSES IN GREATER CAPITAL CITY STATISTICAL AREAS (km˛)

No population
Very low
Low
Medium
High
Very High
(0)*
(Less than 500)*
(500-2000)*
(2000-5000)*
(5000-8000)*
(More than 8000)*

Sydney
6633
3917
794
839
128
53
Melbourne
2011
5943
939
1040
56
15
Brisbane
5014
9637
779
407
13
0
Adelaide
193
2373
398
286
0
0
Perth
2485
2817
731
382
0
0
Hobart
485
1078
114
17
0
0
Darwin
2159
941
53
19
0
0
Canberra
1781
324
201
54
0
0

* people per square kilometre
These population density classes have been used for analysis purposes only and are not an ABS standard classification


Please Note: This publication can be viewed in three formats:
  • ESRI Grid format - for use in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) only.
  • GeoTIFF format - for use in a Geographic Information System (GIS) and in some graphics software.
  • PNG format - for use in any graphics software including those bundled with major operating systems (Microsoft Windows, Apple OS X & iOS).

Some of the advantages the grid format provides are:
  • it enables accurate comparison with other countries using grid based measures of population and population density;
  • it offers greater spatial accuracy in rural regions where traditional geographies are very large; and
  • it enables accurate and efficient integration of population data with other data traditionally produced in grid format such as environmental datasets.

The grid files in GeoTIFF format and ESRI Grid format are for use in a Geographic Information System (GIS) and are located in the Downloads tab of this publication. These GIS files are aligned to the National Nested Grid (NNG) standard for Australia.

The PNG file is also available in the Downloads tab of this publication.