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Classification and Coding
The Standard Australian Classification of Countries (SACC) (cat. no. 1269.0) is used when collecting, aggregating and disseminating Country of Birth data.
The classification has a three level hierarchical structure:
The code structure
One, two and four digit codes are assigned to the first, second and third level units of the classification respectively. The first digit identifies the major group in which each minor group or country is contained. The first two digits taken together identify the minor group in which each country is contained. The four digit codes represent each of the countries.
3 SOUTHERN AND EASTERN EUROPE
31 Southern Europe
3103 Holy See
3107 San Marino
Residual categories and codes
Any geographic area within the region described by a minor group, which is not separately identified in the classification, can be included in the residual or 'not elsewhere classified' (nec) category. These 'nec' categories have codes ending with the digits '99'.
Supplementary codes include 'not further defined' (nfd), 'inadequately described' and 'not stated' responses.
The Country of Birth standard applies to all persons.
The SACC can be used to classify other variables such as, Country of Residence, Country of Future Residence, Country of Citizenship, Country of Embarkation, Country of Disembarkation and Country of Last Residence.
All Country of Birth responses are coded to the SACC (cat. no. 1269.0) using the guidelines detailed in that publication. Responses are matched with entries in the SACC coding index to determine the correct classification code.
The SACC coding index is a comprehensive list of the most probable responses to questions relating to countries and their correct classification codes. It enables responses to be coded accurately.
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