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Research and Experimental Development - Businesses (Survey of)
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    Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS)

    The Survey of R&D, Businesses collects estimates of R&D expenditure and human resources devoted to R&D by businesses in Australia. The data are classified by industry, size of business, type of expenditure, source of funds, location of expenditure, type of activity, fields of research, socio-economic objectives and type of resource.


    The Survey of R&D, Businesses is part of a suite of ABS Research and Experimental Development (R&D) surveys (covering the Private Non-Profit, Government, Higher Education and Business sectors) which collectively produce statistics to enable the nature and distribution of R&D activity in Australia to be monitored and analysed. The data are used by government and advisors to government, businesses, academics, economists and international organisations such as the OECD for a variety of purposes, including policy formulation, allocation of funds and the determination of priorities for research and development.


    All organisations within the Australian Business sector (i.e. all businesses and the private non-profit institutions mainly serving them) likely to be performing R&D, with intramural expenditure on R&D of $100,000 or more in the reference period.


    Conceptual framework
    The suite of ABS R&D surveys are conducted in accordance with international guidelines outlined in the OECD Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys on Research and Experimental Development - Frascati Manual 2002. This manual forms the conceptual framework for the surveys for all expenditure and human resources data items.

    The surveys also use the classification developed by the ABS and Statistics New Zealand for use in the measurement and analysis of R&D activity undertaken in the two countries. This classification is the Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification (ANZSRC), 2008 (cat. no. 1297.0), which itself follows the guidelines prescribed in the Frascati Manual.

    Main outputs
    Business expenditure on R&D (BERD): Total R&D expenditure is output both in current prices and chain volume measures. Value of expenditure on R&D (current prices) and proportion of total expenditure on R&D by industry, employment size, type of expenditure, source of funds, location of expenditure, type of activity, fields of research and socio-economic objective.

    Business human resources devoted to R&D: Human resources devoted to R&D (expressed in person years of effort) and proportion of total human resources devoted to R&D by industry, employment size and type of resource.


    Other concepts (summary)

    New South Wales
    South Australia
    Western Australia
    Northern Territory
    Other (specify below)

    Comments and/or Other Regions

    Data are collected by location of expenditure, which is the region(s) in which the business performed R&D. This may not be the head office location of the business. Location of expenditure includes states, territories and overseas.

    2 Yearly

    Frequency comments


    1976-77, 1978-79, 1981-82, 1984-85, 1986-87, 1988-89 - Complete enumeration of likely R&D performers

    1983-84, 1985-86, 1987-88, 1989-90 - Stratified random sample of likely R&D performers

    1990-91 to 2004-05 - Annual complete enumeration of likely R&D performers

    2005-06 to 2010-11 - Annual complete enumeration of known R&D performers with expenditure on R&D of $100,000 or more

    2011-12 - Annual stratified random sample of likely R&D performers with expenditure on R&D of $100,000 or more

    2013-14 - Biennial stratified random sample of likely R&D performers with expenditure on R&D of $100,000 or more


    Data availability comments

    Statistics compiled from the data collected are released approximately 15 months after the reference period and 9 months after dispatch of the survey.

    11/09/2015 11:59 AM

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