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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2000  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 04/07/2000   
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Contents >> Health >> State summary tables

State summary tables

HEALTH STATUS

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT(a)
ACT
Aust.

Life expectancy
Male life expectancy at birth
years
1998
75.8
76.3
75.6
76.0
76.1
75.1
70.6
77.5
75.9
Female life expectancy at birth
years
1998
81.6
81.7
81.5
81.6
81.9
80.4
75.0
81.6
81.5
Mortality
Total number of deaths
'000
1998
44.7
32.0
22.3
11.7
10.7
3.6
0.9
1.3
127.2
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)
rate
1998
7.1
6.9
6.5
7.9
5.8
7.6
4.6
4.1
6.8
Standardised death rate (per 1,000 population)
rate
1998
6.0
5.8
6.1
6.0
5.8
6.3
8.9
5.4
6.0
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)
rate
1998
4.3
4.7
6.4
4.0
5.0
5.7
12.4
6.0
5.0
Perinatal mortality rate (per 1,000 live births and fetal deaths combined)
rate
1998
8.1
7.7
9.6
7.2
7.5
9.8
13.1
12.2
8.3
Morbidity and disability (per 1,000 population)(b)
Cancer
%
1995
2.1
1.8
2.6
1.9
2.1
2.4
2.0
1.9
2.1
Heart disease
%
1995
2.9
2.8
2.8
2.7
2.4
3.6
*1.4
2.7
2.8
Diabetes
%
1995
2.0
2.4
2.0
2.7
2.5
2.6
2.5
2.0
2.3
Asthma
%
1995
10.4
11.2
13.3
11.2
11.5
10.2
12.7
11.2
11.3
Injury
%
1995
5.8
5.6
7.7
6.4
7.6
7.2
8.7
7.6
6.4
Disability with specific restrictions(b)
%
1998
16.6
15.7
17.8
18.9
17.6
18.7
16.1
16.7
16.9

(a) Morbidity and disability estimates for Northern Territory relate mainly to urban areas.
(b) Rates are age-standardised.

Reference periods: All health status data and causes of death data are for the calendar year.


CAUSES OF DEATH

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

Death rates per 100,000 population -
Leading causes(a)
Cancer
rate
1998
166
170
171
164
164
172
188
160
168
Ischaemic heart disease
rate
1998
131
117
141
134
117
130
140
96
128
Stroke
rate
1998
57
50
53
51
51
61
58
52
53
Selected cancers(a)
Male lung cancer
rate
1998
54
52
56
52
50
57
69
47
53
Female lung cancer
rate
1998
19
19
17
15
20
18
21
22
19
Female breast cancer
rate
1998
22
24
23
25
21
22
22
28
23
Prostate cancer
rate
1998
29
32
30
26
23
34
17
26
29
Skin cancer
rate
1998
7
6
8
4
7
4
5
6
6
Heart disease and diabetes(a)
Male ischaemic heart disease
rate
1998
174
157
185
181
160
181
172
135
171
Female ischaemic heart disease
rate
1998
96
86
103
98
82
91
100
69
93
Diabetes mellitus
rate
1998
10
16
14
13
13
10
43
9
13
Accidents and suicide
Motor vehicle traffic accident(a)
rate
1998
8
9
8
11
11
7
42
10
9
Male 15-24 years motor vehicle traffic accident(a)
rate
1998
24
23
28
31
31
* *
* *
* *
27
Female 15-24 years motor vehicle traffic accident(b)
rate
1998
7
7
10
7
13
* *
* *
* *
9
Suicide(c)
rate
1998
14
12
17
16
16
12
23
10
14
Male 15-24 years suicide(b)
rate
1998
28
21
28
31
32
* *
* *
* *
27
Female 15-24 years suicide(b)
rate
1998
5
7
8
3
8
* *
* *
* *
6
AIDS(b)
AIDS-related
rate
1998
1
1
1
1
0
1
0
0
1

(a) Rates are age-standardised.
(b) Data for Tasmania, Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory are not available as numbers are too low for reliable rates.
(c) Morbidity and disability estimates for Northern Territory relate mainly to urban areas.
Reference periods: All health status data and causes of death data are for the calendar year.

RISK FACTORS

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT(a)
ACT
Aust.

Immunisation status

Children not fully immunised aged 3 months to 6 years (of children 3 months to 6 years)
%
1995
46.1
48.8
52.5
50.3
40.7
57.0
46.5
36.5
47.9
Drinking and smoking(b)
Male medium/high-risk drinkers (of males 18 years and over)
%
1995
10.9
8.9
11.4
10.2
11.4
9.6
24.6
12.2
10.6
Female medium/high-risk drinkers (of females 18 years and over)
%
1995
6.4
5.3
6.5
6.4
6.6
4.7
5.9
7.1
6.1
Male current smokers (of males 18 years and over)
%
1995
27.1
26.7
29.0
26.6
26.6
27.2
30.2
23.6
27.3
Female current smokers (of females 18 years and over)
%
1995
20.0
20.0
21.7
20.0
18.8
24.5
26.0
19.3
20.3
Diet and exercise(b)
Male overweight/obese adults (of males 18 years and over)
%
1995
62.5
64.6
62.1
64.7
60.5
66.4
58.9
63.1
63.0
Female overweight/obese adults (of females 18 years and over)
%
1995
45.3
48.9
43.5
49.4
45.3
53.6
43.5
50.4
46.5
Males who do not exercise for sport, recreation or fitness (of males 18 years and over)
%
1995
34.5
34.2
33.8
34.0
29.7
33.8
42.6
22.6
33.7
Females who do not exercise for sport, recreation or fitness (of females 18 years and over)
%
1995
37.4
32.4
34.8
34.8
28.5
36.1
34.6
28.0
34.4
High blood pressure(b)
Male hypertension (of males 18 years and over)
%
1995
17.1
17.1
19.6
18.3
15.6
17.7
17.3
16.9
17.6
Female hypertension (of females 18 years and over)
%
1995
14.6
15.0
15.1
17.2
15.6
17.4
9.3
13.7
15.1

(a) Risk factor estimates for NT relate mainly to urban areas.
(b) Rates are age standardised.

Reference periods: Immunisation status data are at April. Overweight/obese and hypertension data are for the year ended March 1996.


SERVICES AND EXPENDITURE

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

Services
Hospital separations (per 1,000 population)
rate
1997-98
288
305
313
333
280
278
278
243
299
Hospital beds (per 1,000 population)
no.
1997-98
4.1
4.0
4.7
5.0
4.3
4.0
3.1
2.5
4.2
Average length of stay in hospital
days
1997-98
4.2
3.8
4.2
4.1
3.9
4.4
3.6
4.1
4.1
Doctors (per 100,000 population)
no.
1996
250
237
233
264
221
220
249
259
241
Nursing home and hostel beds (per 1,000 population aged 70 years and over)
no.
1997-98
87.7
83.5
91.7
88.8
89.4
85.8
98.3
87.2
87.5
Medicare usage
Average Medicare services processed per person(a)
no.
1997-98
11.3
10.5
10.6
9.7
9.6
9.4
6.6
9.4
10.6
Average Medicare services processed per male(a)
no.
1997-98
9.5
8.7
8.6
8.1
7.7
7.4
5.2
7.7
8.7
Average Medicare services processed per female(a)
no.
1997-98
13.1
12.2
12.6
11.3
11.5
11.3
8.1
11.1
12.4
Average Medicare services processed per person aged 65 years and over
no.
1997-98
22.5
21.6
21.3
19.7
19.9
18.3
12.9
19.5
21.4
Proportion of Medicare services used by persons aged 65 years and over
%
1997-98
24.6
25.3
22.5
27.5
21.8
24.9
7.4
16.8
24.2
Expenditure
Persons with private health insurance(a)
%
1998
30.8
29.6
28.7
31.3
34.6
33.4
23.7
n.a.
30.5

(a) Rates are age standardised.
(b) The ACT is included in NSW.

Reference periods: Services data (except for doctors per 100,000 population which is at census date) are for the year ended 30 June. Private health insurance data are at the June quarter.

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