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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2000  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 04/07/2000   
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Contents >> Health >> National summary tables

National summary tables


HEALTH STATUS

Units
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

Life expectancy
Male life expectancy at birth
years
73.1
73.3
73.9
74.4
74.5
75.0
75.0
75.0
75.2
75.6
75.9
Female life expectancy at birth
years
79.5
79.6
80.1
80.4
80.4
80.9
80.9
80.8
81.1
81.3
81.5
Male life expectancy at 65 years
years
14.8
14.7
15.2
15.4
15.4
15.7
15.7
15.7
15.8
16.1
16.3
Female life expectancy at 65 years
years
18.7
18.7
19.0
19.1
19.2
19.5
19.7
19.5
19.6
19.8
20.0
Male disability-free life expectancy at birth
years
58.4
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
58.4
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
57.5
Female disability-free life expectancy at birth
years
63.4
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
64.2
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
63.3
Mortality
Total number of deaths
'000
119.9
124.2
120.1
119.1
123.7
121.6
126.7
125.1
128.7
129.4
127.2
Crude death rate (per 1,000 population)
rate
7.2
7.4
7.0
6.9
7.1
6.9
7.1
6.9
7.0
7.0
6.8
Standardised death rate (per 1,000 population)
rate
7.5
7.6
7.2
6.9
6.9
6.6
6.7
6.5
6.4
6.2
6.0
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)
rate
8.7
8.0
8.2
7.1
7.0
6.1
5.9
5.7
5.8
5.3
5.0
Perinatal mortality rate (per 1,000 live births and fetal deaths combined)
rate
11.6
11.0
11.3
10.6
10.7
9.2
9.1
9.4
10.0
9.2
8.3
Disability
Disability with specific restrictions (per 100 population)(a)(b)
%.
13.6
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
13.6
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
16.1

(a) Rates are age-standardised.
(b) Adjusted to a common basis for the three disability surveys of 1988, 1993 and 1998. As a result, the national estimate for 1998 is not the same as that shown in the State summary table.

Reference periods: All health status data and causes of death data are for the calendar year.



CAUSES OF DEATH

CAUSES OF DEATH
Units
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

Death rates per 100,000 population -
Leading causes(a)
Cancer
rate
184
183
181
181
181
180
181
r177
177
171
168
Ischaemic heart disease
rate
199
200
186
176
177
162
161
151
145
r138
128
Stroke
rate
79
78
72
69
67
65
67
63
61
56
53
Selected cancers(a)
Male lung cancer
rate
65
64
60
60
59
57
59
56
55
52
53
Female lung cancer
rate
17
18
17
18
18
19
19
19
20
19
19
Female breast cancer
rate
27
27
27
27
25
27
27
26
25
24
23
Prostate cancer
rate
31
32
32
31
34
35
35
33
33
29
29
Skin cancer
rate
6
6
7
6
7
7
7
7
7
6
6
Heart disease and diabetes(a)
Male ischaemic heart disease
rate
271
271
250
237
235
219
216
204
196
r183
171
Female ischaemic heart disease
rate
143
145
136
127
130
117
118
109
105
101
93
Diabetes mellitus
rate
13
13
13
13
14
14
15
14
15
14
13
Accidents and suicide
Motor vehicle traffic accident(a)
rate
19
17
15
13
12
11
11
11
11
10
9
Male 15-24 years motor vehicle traffic accident
rate
55
49
42
38
31
33
30
32
32
29
27
Female 15-24 years motor vehicle traffic accident
rate
18
18
14
12
12
10
10
11
8
10
9
Suicide(a)
rate
13
13
13
14
13
12
13
13
13
15
14
Male 15-24 years suicide
rate
28
24
27
27
27
25
27
25
25
31
27
Female 15-24 years suicide
rate
4
3
4
6
6
4
4
6
4
7
6
AIDS(a)
AIDS-related
rate
1
2
3
3
4
4
4
4
3
2
1

Reference periods: All health status data and causes of death data are for the calendar year.

RISK FACTORS

Units
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

Immunisation status
Children not fully immunised aged 3 months to 6 years
(of children 3 months to 6 years)
%
n.a.
n.a.
45.9
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
47.9
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Drinking and smoking
Alcohol: apparent consumption per person per day
mls
30.7
30.2
29.9
28.6
r27.2
r26.4
27.1
r26.5
r26.0
r26.2
26.3
Tobacco: apparent consumption per person per day
grams
5.8
5.5
5.6
5.2
5.3
4.7
4.3
4.1
3.9
3.9
3.8
Diet and exercise
Total fats: apparent consumption per person per day
grams
55.8
55.4
54.5
53.5
53.3
52.2
53.0
51.8
r52.6
r49.9
51.4
Persons who do not exercise for sport, recreation or fitness (of persons 18 years and over)(a)
%
n.a.
n.a.
35.8
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
34.0
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

(a) Rates are age-standardised.
Reference periods: Immunisation status data are at April. Apparent consumption is at end of June.

SERVICES

Units
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

Services
Hospital separations (per 1,000 population)
rate
214
n.a.
225
n.a.
237
247
260
274
285
289
299
Hospital beds (per 1,000 population)
no.
5.3
5.2
5.0
5.0
4.5
4.4
4.2
4.3
4.3
4.2
4.2
Average length of stay in hospital
days
6.2
5.9
5.6
5.1
4.8
4.8
4.7
4.5
4.3
4.2
4.1
Doctors (per 100,000 population)
no.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
225
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
241
n.a.
n.a.
Nursing home and hostel beds (per 1,000 population
aged 70 years and over)
no.
98.4
97.2
95.1
94.0
r93.7
r93.1
r91.2
90.0
r91.1
r89.4
87.5
Medicare usage
Average Medicare services processed per person(a)
no.
8.2
8.5
8.5
8.5
8.9
9.7
10.0
10.3
10.5
10.5
10.6
Average Medicare services processed per male(a)
no.
6.6
6.8
6.9
6.9
7.2
7.8
8.2
8.4
8.7
8.7
8.7
Average Medicare services processed per female(a)
no.
9.8
10.2
10.1
10.1
10.6
11.5
11.8
12.2
12.4
12.4
12.4
Average Medicare services processed per person aged 65 years and over
no.
14.8
15.2
15.3
15.4
16.4
17.9
18.8
19.6
20.5
20.9
21.4
Proportion of Medicare services used by persons aged 65 years and over
%
19.7
19.6
20.0
20.6
21.0
21.4
22.0
22.5
23.0
23.6
24.2

Reference periods: Services data (except doctors per 100,000 population which is at census date) are for the year ended 30 June).

EXPENDITURE

Units
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998

Expenditure
Persons with private health insurance
%
47.0
45.5
44.5
43.7
41.0
39.5
37.2
34.9
33.6
31.9
30.5
Total health expenditure per person per year (1997-98 reference year)
$
n.a.
n.a.
1,967
1,978
2,021
2,102
2,159
2,215
2,385
2,460
2,523
Total health expenditure as a proportion of GDP
%
r7.5
r7.4
r7.5
r7.9
r8.1
r8.2
r8.2
r8.2
r8.2
r8.3
8.3

Reference periods: Expenditure data (except private health insurance data which are at the June quarter) are for the year ended 30 June).

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