See Housing Loan Repayment (HLRD), Tenure Type (TEND).
Hours Worked (HRSP)
This variable records the number of hours worked in all jobs held by employed people aged 15 years and over during the week before census night. This excludes any time off but includes any overtime or extra time worked.
Information on hours worked, classified by industry and occupation, allows changes in the labour force to be analysed. It also enhances the use of Journey to Work study area data for transport studies.
See also Income (INCP), Industry (INDP), Journey to Work, Occupation (OCCP), Working Population.
House/Flat Attached to a Shop, Office
See Dwelling Structure (STRD).
Occupied houseboats have been classified as occupied private dwellings since the 1986 Census, and therefore receive Household Forms. Unoccupied houseboats are not counted. Houseboats are included in the category caravan, cabin, houseboat, in the variable Dwelling Structure (STRD).
See also Caravans, Dwelling, Dwelling Structure (STRD), Houseboats etc.
A household is defined as a group of two or more related or unrelated people who usually reside in the same dwelling, who regard themselves as a household, and who make common provision for food or other essentials for living; or a person living in a dwelling who makes provision for his/her own food and other essentials for living, without combining with any other person.
Under this definition, in a group house where occupants share the dwelling, each occupant who usually supplies his/her own food should be counted as a separate household and issued with a separate Household Form. In practice, however, most such households usually only complete one form.
For census purposes, the total number of households is equal to the total number of occupied private dwellings as a census form is completed for each household from which dwelling information for the household is obtained. Analysis of Labour Force Survey data for August 1991 showed that the incidence of multiple household dwellings was only 0.65%.
See also Family, Group Household, Household Type (HHTD), Indigenous Household, Lone Person Household, Relationship Between Families (FRLF), Tenure Type (TEND).
The Household Form is the primary means for collecting census data and is used in all private dwellings. A copy of the form used for the 1996 Census is included at Appendix A of this publication. A Personal Form records person characteristics in cases where a Household Form is not appropriate. If there are more than six people in a household on census night, a Personal Form is completed for the seventh person, and any subsequent persons.
See also Appendix A, Personal Form.
See Family/Household Reference Person Indicator (RPIP).
Household Income (HIND)
This variable is the sum of the personal incomes of each resident present in the household. If any person aged 15 and over is temporarily absent, or if any person has income not stated, Household Income (HIND) is set to 'Partial Income Stated' and the condition indicated by the variable Household Income Derivation Indicator (HIDD).
If there are persons temporarily absent, or a negative/no income has been stated for persons present on census night, these persons do not contribute to the Household Income (HIND) that is derived for that household.
The standard census income classifications Family Income (FINF) and Household Income (HIND) were designed to satisfy a broad range of census requirements. It is a simple matter for the ABS to generate other income classifications as required.
Although visitors' incomes are excluded in the calculation of household income, household income is still calculated for households that comprise only visitors, in order to collect data on household incomes in holiday resorts.
See also Household, Household Income Derivation Indicator (HIDD), Income (INCP), Median Income.
Household Income Derivation Indicator (HIDD)
If there are persons temporarily absent, or a negative/no income has been stated for persons present on census night, these persons do not contribute to the household income that is derived for that household.
To enable clients to remove such households from the table population or estimate the impact on total household income where negative/no income or persons temporarily absent have an effect in reducing household income, Household Income Derivation Indicator (HIDD) can be used. Each household is categorised into one of the nine categories as shown below:
- no members aged 15+ temporarily absent and all incomes stated and no negative incomes stated;
- no members aged 15+ temporarily absent and all incomes stated and one or more negative incomes stated;
- no members aged 15+ temporarily absent and one or more incomes not stated and no negative incomes stated;
- no members aged 15+ temporarily absent and one or more incomes not stated and one or more negative incomes stated;
- one or more members aged 15+ temporarily absent but incomes stated for all members present and no negative incomes stated;
- one or more members aged 15+ temporarily absent but incomes stated for all members present and one or more negative incomes stated;
- one or more members aged 15+ temporarily absent and one or more incomes of members present not stated and no negative incomes stated;
See also Household, Household Income (HIND).
Household Members Temporarily Absent
- one or more members aged 15+ temporarily absent and one or more incomes of members present no stated and one or more negative incomes stated; or
See Temporarily Absent.
Households can move over time. The Census asks for each person's place of residence one year ago and five years ago. Household mobility indicators are derived using this information. Note that visitors and households containing only visitors are excluded from this classification. The following two indicators are used for the 1996 Census data:
The data for place of usual residence are used mainly in conjunction with household mobility indicators for detailed internal migration studies. The points illustrated in the following cases should be noted.
Since the indicators are derived from usual residence at certain dates, only the net effects of any multiple movements between these dates can be derived. For example, in the case of a person who at 30 June 1991 had a usual place of residence in a South Australian rural area, and moved to Melbourne in 1993, but by 30 June 1996 was a usual resident of Adelaide, only the net South Australian country to city movement would be revealed.
In the case of 'out and back' movements, in which people moved away from a place of usual residence to live elsewhere, but then returned before the end of the reference period to the earlier address as a usual resident, no movement would be shown in the internal migration data.
More detailed information relating to internal mobility can be obtained by combining mobility indicators with the place of usual residence variables (i.e. State of Usual Residence on Census Night and One and Five Years Ago (STEUCP, STEU1P, STEU5P); and SLA of Usual Residence on Census Night and One and Five Years ago (SLAUCP, SLAU1P, SLAU5P)).
See also Internal Migration, Usual Residence.
Household Reference Person
- Household One Year Mobility Indicator (MV1D), where:
all residents (aged one year or more) have changed address during the last year; or some residents have changed address during the last year, but all residents stated their address one year ago; or no residents have changed address during the last year; or not stated (including households in which one or more residents did not state his/her usual residence one year ago).
- Household Five Year Mobility Indicator (MV5D), where:
all residents (aged 5 years and over) have changed address during the last five years; or some residents have changed address during the last five years, but all residents stated their address of five years ago; or no residents have changed address in the last five years; or not stated (including households in which one or more residents did not state his/her usual residence of five years ago).
See Family\Household Reference Person Indicator (RPIP), Household.
Household Type (HHTD)
This variable describes the type of household within a dwelling.
Family households can contain non-family members (unrelated persons and visitors). The first three categories (1113) of this classification can be further broken down to show those households with only family members present and those with non-family members present. This is in line with the ABS standard for this classification. Users requiring this level of information should indicate their requirements to the ABS Client Services Consultant when specifying tables.
Due to processing limitations a maximum of three families can be coded to a household. Lone person households can contain visitors. Visitor only households can contain Overseas Visitors.
The Other Not Classifiable category includes those households for which information for all the persons has been imputed, or the household contains only persons aged under 15 years.
See also Family, Group Household, Household, Lone Person Household.
See Dwelling, Dwelling Structure (STRD).
Housing Loan Repayments (Monthly) (HLRD)
This variable records the housing loan repayments being paid by a household to purchase the dwelling in which it was enumerated (also applicable to caravans).
For the 1996 Census, the classification ranges from $1 - $9,999. However, for practical purposes, standard census products contain groups, i.e. the basic classification is recoded.
The data are important in analysis of home ownership and for providing benchmark data for evaluating housing needs, housing finance and housing demand.
See also Dwelling Structure (STRD), Household Type (HHTD), Tenure Type (TEND).