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1267.0 - Australian Standard Classification of Languages (ASCL), 1997  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 31/01/1997   
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Contents >> Chapter 2. Classification structure >> Broad groups, narrow groups and languages

1 Northern European Languages
11 Celtic
1101
Gaelic (Scotland)
1102
Irish
1103
Welsh
1199
Celtic, nec ( Breton, Cornish, Manx)
12 English
1201
English
13 German and Related Languages
1301
German
1302
Letzeburgish
1303
Yiddish
14 Netherlandic and Related Languages
1401
Netherlandic
1402
Frisian
15 Scandinavian
1501
Danish
1502
Icelandic
1503
Norwegian
1504
Swedish
1599
Scandinavian, nec (Faeroese)


2 Southern European Languages
21 French
2101
French
22 Greek
2201
Greek
23 Iberian Romance
2301
Catalan
2302
Portuguese
2303
Spanish
2399
Iberian Romance, nec (includes Crioulo, Galician, Ladino)
24 Italian
2401
Italian
25 Maltese
2501
Maltese
29 Other Southern European Languages
2901
Basque
2902
Latin
2999
Other Southern European Languages, nec (includes Friulian, Ladin, Romansch)


3 Eastern European Languages
31 Baltic
3101
Latvian
3102
Lithuanian
32 Finnic
3201
Estonian
3202
Finnish
3299
Finnic, nec (includes Karelian, Lapp, Ludic)
33 Hungarian
3301
Hungarian
34 East Slavic
3401
Belorussian
3402
Russian
3403
Ukrainian
35 South Slavic
3501
Bosnian
3502
Bulgarian
3503
Croatian
3504
Macedonian
3505
Serbian
3506
Slovene
36 West Slavic
3601
Czech
3602
Polish
3603
Slovak
39 Other Eastern European Languages
3901
Albanian
3902
Armenian
3903
Aromunian (Macedo-Romanian)
3904
Romanian
3999
Other Eastern European Languages, nec (includes Georgian, Ingush, Romany)


4 Southwest Asian and North African Languages
41 Iranic
4101
Kurdish
4102
Pashto
4103
Persian
4199
Iranic, nec (includes Balochi, Ossetic, Tajik)
42 Middle Eastern and North African Languages
4201
Amharic
4202
Arabic (including Lebanese)
4203
Assyrian (including Aramaic)
4204
Hebrew
4205
Tigrinya
4299
Middle Eastern and North African Languages, nec (includes Kabyle, Riff, Shluh)
43 Turkish and Central Asian Languages
4301
Turkish
4399
Turkish and Central Asian Languages, nec (includes Azeri, Mongol, Tatar)


5 Southern Asian Languages
51 Dravidian
5101
Kannada
5102
Malayalam
5103
Tamil
5104
Telugu
5199
Dravidian, nec (includes Brahui, Malto, Tulu)
52 Indo-Aryan
5201
Bengali
5202
Gujarati
5203
Hindi
5204
Konkani
5205
Marathi
5206
Nepali
5207
Punjabi
5208
Sindhi
5211
Sinhalese
5212
Urdu
5299
Indo-Aryan, nec (includes Assamese, Kashmiri, Rajasthani)
59 Other Southern Asian Languages
5999
Other Southern Asian Languages (includes Balti, Burushaski, Nuristani)


6 Southeast Asian Languages
61 Burman
6101
Burmese
6199
Burman, nec (includes Lisu, Pho, Rawang)
62 Hmong-Mien
6201
Hmong
6299
Hmong-Mien Languages, nec (Mien, Yao)
63 Mon-Khmer
6301
Khmer
6302
Vietnamese
6399
Mon-Khmer, nec (includes Khasi, Khmu, Muong)
64 Tai
6401
Lao
6402
Thai
6499
Tai, nec (includes Buyi, Jui, Tho)
65 Western Austronesian Languages
6501
Bisaya
6502
Cebuano
6503
IIokano
6504
Indonesian
6505
Malay
6506
Tagalog (Filipino)
6507
Tetum
6508
Timorese
6599
Western Austronesian Languages, nec (includes Balinese, Bikol, Kapampangan)
69 Other Southeast Asian Languages
6999
Other Southeast Asian Languages (Chavacano)


7 Eastern Asian Languages
71 Chinese
7101
Cantonese
7102
Hakka
7103
Hokkien
7104
Mandarin
7105
Teochew
7106
Wu
7199
Chinese, nec (includes, Chang Chow, Hunan, Kan )
72 Japanese
7201
Japanese
73 Korean
7301
Korean
79 Other Eastern Asian Languages
7999
Other Eastern Asian Languages (includes Ainu, Bhotia, Tibetan)


8 Australian Indigenous Languages
81 Northern Aboriginal
8101
Anindilyakwa
8102
Burarra
8103
Dhaangu
8104
Dhay'yi
8105
Dhuwal-Dhuwala
8106
Djinang
8107
Karrwa (Garawa, Garrwa)
8108
Kunwinjku (Gunwinggu)
8111
Maung
8112
Murrinh-Patha
8113
Ngangkikurungurr
8114
Nunggubuyu
8115
Rembarrnga
8116
Ritharrngu
8117
Tiwi
8118
Yanyuwa (Anula)
8199
Northern Aboriginal, nec (see Appendix 1 for a full list of languages)
82 Central Aboriginal
8201
Alyawarr (Alyawarra)
8202
Anmatyerr (Anmatyirra)
8203
Arrernte (Aranda)
8204
Bardi
8205
Bunuba (Bunaba)
8206
Jaru (Djaru)
8207
Kija (Gidya)
8208
Kuurinji (Gurindji)
8211
Kukatha (Gugada, Kokatha)
8212
Kukatja (Gugaja)
8213
Miriwoong
8214
Mutpurra (Mudburra)
8215
Ngaatjatjara
8216
Nyangumarta
8217
Pintupi
8218
Pitjantjatjara
8221
Walmajarri (Walmadjari)
8222
Warumungu (Warumunga)
8223
Warlpiri
8224
Yulparija
8225
Yankunytjatjara
8299
Central Aboriginal, nec (see Appendix 1 for a full list of languages)
83 Cape York Peninsula Aboriginal
8301
Gugu Yalanji
8302
Guugu Yimidhirr
8303
Kuuku-Ya'u
8304
Wik-Mungkan
8399
Cape York Peninsula Aboriginal, nec (see Appendix 1 for a full list of languages)
84 Torres Strait Island
8401
Kalaw Lagaw Ya (Kalaw Kawa Ya)
8402
Meryam Mir
85 West Coast Aboriginal
8501
Ngarluma
8502
Nyungar (Noongar)
8503
Yindjibarndi
8599
West Coast Aboriginal, nec (see Appendix 1 for a full list of languages)
86 Eastern Aboriginal
8601
Adnymathanha (Yura Ngawarla)
8602
Arabana (Arabuna)
8699
Eastern Aboriginal, nec (see Appendix 1 for a full list of languages)
87 Australian Creoles
8701
Kriol
8702
Torres Strait Creole (Broken)


9 Other Languages
91 American Languages
9101
American Languages
92 African Languages (Excluding North Africa)
9201
Acholi
9202
Afrikaans
9203
Akan
9204
Asante
9205
Mauritian Creole
9206
Oromo
9207
Shona
9208
Somali
9211
Swahili
9212
Yoruba
9213
Zulu
9299
African Languages (Excluding North Africa), nec ( includes Bemba, Fante, Malagasy)
93 Oceanic Austronesian Languages
9301
Fijian
9302
Gilbertese
9303
Maori (Cook Island)
9304
Maori (New Zealand)
9305
Motu
9306
Nauruan
9307
Niue
9308
Samoan
9311
Tongan
9399
Oceanic Austronesian Languages, nec (includes Hawai'ian, Rotuman, Tuvaluan)
94 Oceanian Pidgins and Creoles
9401
Tok Pisin
9499
Oceanian Pidgins and Creoles, nec (includes Bislama, Pitcairnese, Solomon Islands Pidgin)
95 Papuan Languages
9501
Papuan Languages
96 Invented Languages
9601
Invented Languages
97 Sign Languages
9701
Auslan
9702
Makaton
9799
Sign Languages, nec




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