9502.0.55.001 - Framework for Australian Tourism Statistics, 1999
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 02/12/1999
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The components of SUPPLIER
35. At the broadest level, SUPPLIERS are categorised as:
36. No further breakdown is recommended for '3.1 Non-commercial suppliers'. This category will usually comprise friends or relatives of the visitor. It would also include public service authorities who provide services or facilities (e.g. barbecue areas, etc.) for which there is no direct charge.
37. For '3.2 Commercial suppliers', the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC) provides a framework for classifying and identifying commercial SUPPLIERS of relevant goods/services.
38. To enable the linkage between the demand side (the CONSUMER) and the supply side (the SUPPLIER), a linkage is required between the PRODUCT and the SUPPLIER elements.
39. However, any concordance (linkage) between a commodity (ie. product) classification and an industry classification is imprecise. There is not a direct relationship between commodity categories and industry categories. While a commodity classification identifies different commodities, an industry classification, such as the ANZSIC, identifies categories each of which represents a type of economic activity (such as manufacturing motor vehicles, or providing accommodation). Businesses are allocated to a category of economic activity according to what their main activity is.
40. There are a number of difficulties in trying to link a commodity classification with an ANZSIC type industry classification, that is:
41. For tourism statistics these problems are compounded by the requirement that only the activity which results from visitor demand is of interest. Thus, only a proportion of turnover of a business in a relevant category is likely to be of interest. In practice, however, it is often not possible to identify the proportion of a business's activity which results from demand from visitors.
42. Because of the problems discussed above, the concordance provided below is not a precise one, and the list of ANZSIC categories should not be taken to define the tourism 'industry'. Further development work in the area of PRODUCT and SUPPLIER classifications is required to enable a more precise linkage between their respective categories. As a first step the WTO has developed a provisional tourism supply side classification, the Standard International Classification of Tourism Activities (SICTA), which is based on the international equivalent of ANZSIC.
43. The following list shows, in the first column, the components of the PRODUCT element, and, in the second column, the ANZSIC categories which would include the main suppliers of these goods/services.