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9502.0.55.001 - Framework for Australian Tourism Statistics, 1999  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 02/12/1999   
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The SUPPLIER

The components of SUPPLIER

35. At the broadest level, SUPPLIERS are categorised as:


CodeDescription

3.1Non-commercial suppliers
3.2Commercial suppliers


36. No further breakdown is recommended for '3.1 Non-commercial suppliers'. This category will usually comprise friends or relatives of the visitor. It would also include public service authorities who provide services or facilities (e.g. barbecue areas, etc.) for which there is no direct charge.

37. For '3.2 Commercial suppliers', the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC) provides a framework for classifying and identifying commercial SUPPLIERS of relevant goods/services.

38. To enable the linkage between the demand side (the CONSUMER) and the supply side (the SUPPLIER), a linkage is required between the PRODUCT and the SUPPLIER elements.

39. However, any concordance (linkage) between a commodity (ie. product) classification and an industry classification is imprecise. There is not a direct relationship between commodity categories and industry categories. While a commodity classification identifies different commodities, an industry classification, such as the ANZSIC, identifies categories each of which represents a type of economic activity (such as manufacturing motor vehicles, or providing accommodation). Businesses are allocated to a category of economic activity according to what their main activity is.

40. There are a number of difficulties in trying to link a commodity classification with an ANZSIC type industry classification, that is:

      • For any particular commodity category, the associated economic activity category, or categories, can contain businesses which have no production of the particular commodity. Any particular SUPPLIER category may overlap a number of PRODUCT categories. For example, the ANZSIC category '6121 LONG DISTANCE BUS TRANSPORT' is shown as a SUPPLIER of PRODUCT '1. Package travel, package tours etc.'. However, not all of the enterprises in this ANZSIC category will produce package tours, many confining themselves to providing transport services only.
      • While business units are allocated to an industry activity category on the basis of their main activity, many businesses have significant secondary activities and produce a wide range of different commodities. Therefore the total production of a commodity often cannot be identified from the activities of only those businesses whose main activity is the production of that commodity. Where production of that commodity is a secondary activity, that production will be hidden in another industry activity category. The effect of this is that figures, such as turnover, for any industry category may:
          • comprise, to a large extent, activity which correctly belongs to another category; and
          • exclude a large proportion of the particular activity of interest.
        For example, the concordance below shows for the PRODUCT category '4.1.1 Scheduled flights' the ANZSIC category '6401 SCHEDULED INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT'. However, businesses in this industry category may also produce, as secondary activities, some non-scheduled passenger services, which would relate to PRODUCT category '4.1.2 Non-scheduled flights'. Consequently, for each of the products 4.1.1 and 4.1.2, the corresponding industry category will include production of commodities other than the relevant commodity and will also exclude some production of the relevant commodity.

41. For tourism statistics these problems are compounded by the requirement that only the activity which results from visitor demand is of interest. Thus, only a proportion of turnover of a business in a relevant category is likely to be of interest. In practice, however, it is often not possible to identify the proportion of a business's activity which results from demand from visitors.

42. Because of the problems discussed above, the concordance provided below is not a precise one, and the list of ANZSIC categories should not be taken to define the tourism 'industry'. Further development work in the area of PRODUCT and SUPPLIER classifications is required to enable a more precise linkage between their respective categories. As a first step the WTO has developed a provisional tourism supply side classification, the Standard International Classification of Tourism Activities (SICTA), which is based on the international equivalent of ANZSIC.

43. The following list shows, in the first column, the components of the PRODUCT element, and, in the second column, the ANZSIC categories which would include the main suppliers of these goods/services.


PRODUCT
ANZSIC

1.Package travel, package tours, etc.
6121
Long distance bus transport
6200
Rail transport
6301
International sea transport
6302
Coastal water transport
6303
Inland water transport
6401
Scheduled international air transport
6402
Scheduled domestic air transport
6641
Travel agency services

2.Accommodation
2.1.Hotels and similar establishments
2.1.1.Hotels and resorts
2.1.1.1.Hotels
5710
Accommodation
5720
Pubs, taverns and bars
2.1.1.2.Resorts
5710
Accommodation
2.1.2.Motels, guest houses and similar accommodation
2.1.2.1.Motels, motor inns and private hotels
5710
Accommodation
2.1.2.2.Guest houses
5710
Accommodation
2.1.2.3.Bed and breakfasts
5710
Accommodation
2.1.2.4.Self-catering accommodation
5710
Accommodation
7711
Residential property operators
2.1.3.Other commercial accommodation
2.1.3.1.Health and fitness establishments
5710
Accommodation
2.1.3.2.Visitor hostels
5710
Accommodation
2.1.3.3.Holiday farm (host farm, farm stay) accommodation
5710
Accommodation
Div. A
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
2.1.3.4.Caravan parks
5710
Accommodation
2.1.3.5.Camping grounds
5710
Accommodation
2.1.3.6.Private dwellings (for special events/holidays)
5710
Accommodation non-commercial supplier
2.1.3.7.Group-booked accommodation
5710
Accommodation
2.2.Transport and Institutional accommodation
2.2.1.Accommodation on transport modes
2.2.1.1.Accommodation on inland water craft
6303
Inland water transport
7742
Other transport equipment leasing
2.2.1.1.1.Craft rented with crew
6303
Inland water transport
2.2.1.1.2.Craft rented without crew
7742
Other transport equipment leasing
2.2.1.1.3.Cruise or ferry service
6303
Inland water transport
2.2.1.2.Accommodation on coastal/
6301
International sea transport
international water craft
6302
Coastal water transport
7742
Other transport equipment leasing
2.2.1.2.1.Craft rented with crew
6301
International sea transport
6302
Coastal water transport
2.2.1.2.2.Craft rented without crew
7742
Other transport equipment leasing
2.2.1.2.3.Cruise or ferry service
6301
International sea transport
6302
Coastal water transport
2.2.1.3.Accommodation on aircraft
6401
Scheduled international air transport
6402
Scheduled domestic air transport
6403
Non-scheduled air and space transport
2.2.1.4.Accommodation on road transport
6121
Long distance bus transport
6122
Short distance bus transport
6123
Taxi and other road passenger transport
7741
Motor vehicle hiring
2.2.1.5.Accommodation on railway trains
6200
Rail transport
2.2.2.Institutional and other commercial accommodation
2.2.2.1.Educational institutions
8421
Primary education
8422
Secondary education
8423
Combined primary and secondary education
8431
Higher education
8432
Technical and further education
2.2.2.2.Health institutions
8611
Hospitals and nursing homes
8612
Psychiatric hospitals
8613
Nursing homes
8634
Community health centres
2.3.Non-commercial accommodation
2.3.1.Private property
2.3.1.1.Own propertyNon-commercial supplier
2.3.1.2.Friends'/relatives' propertyNon-commercial supplier
2.3.1.3.Property owned by business or other groupNon-commercial supplier
2.3.1.4.Privately owned water craftNon-commercial supplier
2.3.1.5.Privately owned aircraftNon-commercial supplier
2.3.2.Other non-commercial accommodation
2.3.2.1.Caravanning/camping in non-commercial areaNon-commercial supplier
2.3.2.9.OtherNon-commercial suppliers

3.Food and drink
3.1.Restaurant, cafe, bar, tavern, etc.
5125
Takeaway food retailing
5710
Accommodation
5720
Pubs, taverns and bars
5730
Cafes and restaurants
5740
Clubs (hospitality)
6303
Inland water transport
3.2.Food/drink for preparation and/or consumption elsewhere
5110
Supermarket and grocery stores
5121
Fresh meat, fish and poultry retailing
5122
Fruit and vegetable retailing
5123
Liquor retailing
5124
Bread and cake retailing
5125
Takeaway food retailing
5126
Milk vending
5129
Specialised food retailing n.e.c.
5210
Department stores

4.Transport
4.1.Air
4.1.1.Scheduled flights
6401
Scheduled international air transport
6402
Scheduled Domestic air transport
4.1.2.Non-scheduled flights
6403
Non-scheduled air and space transport
4.1.3 .Other services
6403
Non-scheduled air and space transport
7742
Other transport equipment leasing
4.2.Waterway
4.2.1.Passenger lines and ferries
6301
international sea transport
6302
Coastal water transport
6303
Inland water transport
4.2.2.Cruise
6301
international sea transport
6302
Coastal water transport
6303
Inland water transport
4.2.3.Other
6301
international sea transport
6302
Coastal water transport
6303
Inland water transport
7742
Other transport equipment leasing
4.3.Land
4.3.1.Railway
6200
Rail transport
4.3.2.Motor coach or bus and other public road transport
6121
Long distance bus transport
6122
Short distance bus transport (including tramways)
6509
Transport n.e.c.
4.3.3.Private vehicleNon-commercial supplier
4.3.4.Vehicle rental
6121
Long distance bus transport
6122
Short distance bus transport
6123
Taxi and other road passenger transport
7741
Motor vehicle hiring
7742
Other transport equipment leasing
9519
Personal and household goods hiring n.e.c.
4.3.5.Other means of land transport
6509
Transport n.e.c.
4.4.Other transport items
5321
Automotive fuel retailing
6611
Parking services
6619
Services to road transport n.e.c.
6622
water transport terminals
6630
Services to air transport
6641
Travel agency services
8111
Central government administration
8112
State government administration
8113
Local government administration

5.Recreation, culture and sporting activities
5.1.Recreational and sporting
5321
Automotive fuel retailing
7742
Other transport equipment hiring
8111
Central government administration
8112
State government administration
8113
Local government administration
9251
Sound recording studios
9259
Services to the arts n.e.c.
9311
Horse and dog racing
9312
Sports grounds and facilities n.e.c.
9319
Sports and services to sports n.e.c.
9321
Lotteries
9322
Casinos
9329
Gambling services n.e.c.
9330
Other recreation services
9519
Personal and household goods hiring n.e.c.
5.2.Cultural
8111
Central government administration
8112
State government administration
8113
Local government administration
9210
Libraries
9220
Museums
9231
Zoological and botanic gardens
9239
Recreational parks and gardens
9242
Creative arts
9330
Other recreation services
5.3.Entertainment
5720
Pubs, taverns and bars
5730
Cafes and restaurants
5740
Clubs (hospitality)
9113
Motion picture exhibition
9241
Music and theatre production
9252
Performing arts venues
9259
Services to the arts n.e.c.
9330
Other recreation services

6.Shopping
6.1.Clothing and footwear
5210
Department stores
5221
Clothing retailing
5222
Footwear retailing
6.2.Souvenir toys
5210
Department stores
5259
Retailing n.e.c.
6.3.Foodstuffs (to take home)
6.3.1.Chocolate/confectionery
5110
Supermarket and grocery stores
5129
Specialised food retailing n.e.c.
5210
Department stores
6.3.2.Alcoholic products
2183
Wine manufacturing
5110
Supermarket and grocery stores
5123
Liquor retailing
6.3.3.Other foodstuffs
5110
Supermarket and grocery stores
5129
Specialised food retailing n.e.c.
5210
Department stores
6.4.Books and magazines
5210
Department stores
5243
Newspaper, book and stationery retailing
6.5.Handcrafts
5252
Antique and used good retailing
5259
Retailing n.e.c.
6.6.Jewellery
5210
Department stores
5255
Watch and jewellery retailing
6.7.Perfumes/cosmetics/toiletries
5110
Supermarket and grocery stores
5210
Department stores
5251
Pharmaceutical, cosmetic and toiletry retailing
6.8.Household products
5110
Supermarket and grocery stores
5210
Department stores
5223
Fabrics and other soft goods retailing
5233
Domestic hardware and houseware retailing
5234
Domestic appliance retailing
6.9.Photographic equipment
5210
Department stores
5244
Photographic equipment retailing
5251
Pharmaceutical, cosmetic and toiletry retailing
9522
Photographic film processing
6.10.Other goods
6.10.1.Travel goods
5210
Department stores
5259
Retailing n.e.c.
6.10.2.CDs/cassettes
5210
Department stores
5234
Domestic appliance retailing
5235
Recorded music retailing
6.10.3.Tobacco products
5110
Supermarket and grocery stores
5129
Specialised food retailing n.e.c.
5210
Department stores
6.10.4.Souvenirs n.e.c.
5210
Department stores
5259
Retailing n.e.c.
6.10.5.Other goods
5110
Supermarket and grocery stores
5210
Department stores
5241
Sport and camping equipment retailing
5242
Toy and game retailing
5251
Pharmaceutical, cosmetic and toiletry retailing
5259
Retailing n.e.c.

7.Other
7.1.Business services
7720
Real estate agents
7743
Plant hiring or leasing
7861
Employment placement services
7862
Contract staff services
7863
Secretarial services
7869
Business services n.e.c.
7.2.Travel items/charges n.e.c.
6641
Travel agency services
7321
Banks
7411
Life insurance
7421
Health insurance
7422
General insurance
8111
Central government administration
8112
State government administration
9522
Photographic film processing
9523
Photographic studios
7.3.Health/medicine
5251
Pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and toiletry retailing
8611
Hospitals (except psychiatric hospitals)
8612
Psychiatric hospitals
8613
Nursing homes
8621
General practice medical services
8622
Specialist medical services
8623
Dental services
8631
Pathology services
8632
Optometry and optical dispensing
8633
Ambulance services
8634
Community health centres
8635
Physiotherapy services
8636
Chiropractic services
8639
Health services n.e.c.
7.4.Education/training
8421
Primary education
8422
Secondary education
8423
Combined primary and secondary education
8424
Special school education
8431
Higher education
8432
Technical and further education
8440
Other education
7.5.Other services n.e.c.
7111
Postal services
9521
Laundries and dry- cleaners
9522
Photographic film processing
9523
Photographic studios
9526
Hairdressing and beauty salons
9529
Personal services n.e.c.





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