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3303.0.55.001 - Causes of Death, Australia: Doctor Certified Deaths, Summary Tables, 2008 Quality Declaration 
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 27/11/2009   
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Contents >> Underlying Causes of Death >> SELECTED UNDERLYING CAUSES OF DEATH

SELECTED UNDERLYING CAUSES OF DEATH

Cancers (C00-D48)

Cancers were the underlying cause of 41,596 doctor certified deaths in 2008, an increase on the 39,652 doctor certified deaths in 2007. In 2007, doctor certified deaths made up 98.4% of all deaths due to these causes. Of those deaths due to cancer certified by a doctor, 23,403 were of males and 18,193 were of females. Median age at death for all doctor certified deaths attributed to cancer was 75.4 years.


Endocrine, Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases (E00-E90)

In 2008, Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases were the underlying cause of 5,567 deaths, an increase (10.3%) from the 5,048 doctor certified deaths in 2007. In 2007, doctor certified deaths made up 94.3% of all deaths due to these causes.

Doctor certified deaths due to Diabetes (E10-E14) increased (9.9%) from 3,642 in 2007 to 4,001 in 2008. Specifically, Non-insulin diabetes mellitus or type 2 diabetes (E11) increased from 1,563 in 2007 to 1,817 in 2008. Unspecified diabetes (E14) increased from 1,723 in 2007 to 1,818 in 2008.

Of those deaths due to Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases certified by a doctor, 2,722 were males and 2,845 were females. Median age at death for all doctor certified deaths attributed to Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases was 81.6 years.


Mental and Behavioural Disorders (F00-F99)

Mental and behavioural disorders were the underlying cause of 6,073 doctor certified deaths in 2008, a 10.8% increase from the 5,479 doctor certified deaths in 2007. The majority of deaths due to Mental and behavioural disorders are usually certified by a doctor. In 2007, doctor certified deaths made up 95.9% of all deaths due to these causes.

Dementia (F01-F03) accounted for the majority of the increase in doctor certified deaths due to Mental and behavioural disorders in 2008, increasing from 4,975 doctor certified deaths in 2007 to 5,566 in 2008. This followed a significant increase in 2006, from 2,489 in 2005. This was due to a change in coding, as well as legislative changes, as outlined in Explanatory Note paragraph 37. These changes continue to apply for 2008 data.

Of those deaths due to Mental and behavioural disorders certified by a doctor, 2,178 were of males and 3,895 were of females. The median age at death for all doctor certified deaths attributed to Mental and behavioural disorders was 87.4 years.


Diseases of the nervous system (G00-G99)

Diseases of the nervous system were the underlying cause of 5,654 doctor certified deaths in 2008, a 9.0% increase from the 5,186 doctor certified deaths in 2007. In 2007, doctor certified deaths made up 94.9% of all deaths due to these causes.

Alzheimer's disease (G30) accounted for the majority of the increase in doctor certified deaths due to diseases of the nervous system in 2008, increasing from 2,252 in 2007 to 2,445 in 2008.

Of those deaths due to Diseases of the nervous system certified by a doctor, 2,547 were males and 3,107 were females. The median age at death for all doctor certified deaths attributed to Diseases of the nervous system was 82.8 years.


Diseases of the heart and blood vessels (I00-I99)

Diseases of the heart and blood vessels were the underlying cause of 41,694 deaths certified by a doctor in 2008, a 2.8% increase from the 40,573 doctor certified deaths in 2007. Diseases of the heart and blood vessels generally include a relatively high proportion of coroner certified deaths. In 2007, doctor certified deaths made up 87.0% of all deaths due to these causes.

Of those deaths due to Diseases of the heart and blood vessels certified by a doctor, 18,252 were males and 23,442 were females. Median age at death for all doctor certified deaths attributed to Diseases of the heart and blood vessels was 85.8 years.


Diseases of the respiratory system (J00-J99)

Diseases of the respiratory system were the underlying cause of 10,547 doctor certified deaths in 2008, a 3.6% decrease from the 10,940 doctor certified deaths in 2007. In 2007, doctor certified deaths made up 94.5% of all deaths due to these causes.

Of those deaths due to Diseases of the respiratory system certified by a doctor, 5,501 were males and 5,046 were females. Median age at death for all doctor certified deaths attributed to Diseases of the respiratory system was 82.9 years.

3 Selected Underlying Causes of Death, Doctor Certified Deaths, Sex and Median Age - 2008(a)

Males
Males
Females
Females
Persons
Median Age at death
Cause of death and ICD-10 code
no.
%
no.
%
no.
years

Infectious diseases (A00-B99)
937
51.2
892
48.8
1 829
80.6
Cancer (C00-D48)
23 403
56.2
18 193
43.7
41 596
75.4
Blood and immunity disorders (D50-D89)
229
48.7
241
51.3
470
81.4
Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (E00-E90)
2 722
48.9
2 845
51.1
5 567
81.6
Mental and behavioural disorders (F00-F99)
2 178
35.9
3 895
64.1
6 073
87.4
Diseases of the nervous system (G00-G99)
2 547
45.0
3 107
55.0
5 654
82.8
Diseases of the eye and adnexa (H00-H59)(b)
6
60.0
3
30.0
10
81.5
Diseases of the ear and mastoid process (H60-H95)
-
-
-
-
-
-
Diseases of the heart and blood vessels (I00-I99)
18 252
43.8
23 442
56.2
41 694
85.8
Diseases of the respiratory system (J00-J99)
5 501
52.2
5 046
47.8
10 547
82.9
Diseases of the digestive system (K00-K93)
2 045
48.2
2 194
51.8
4 239
81.5
Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue (L00-L99)
171
44.9
210
55.1
381
85.7
Diseases of the muscles, bones and tendons (M00-M99)
364
33.5
722
66.5
1 086
84.5
Diseases of the kidney and urinary system (N00-N99)
1 478
46.3
1 715
53.7
3 193
85.8
Pregnancy and childbirth (O00-O99)(b)
-
-
4
400.0
1
36.5
Conditions originating in the perinatal period (P00-P96)
303
56.7
231
43.3
534
0.5
Congenital and chromosomal abnormalities (Q00-Q99)
270
53.5
235
46.5
505
0.9
Ill-defined causes (R00-R99)
130
34.4
248
65.6
378
88.9
External causes (V01-Y98)
686
45.1
835
54.9
1 521
86.1
Total Doctor certified deaths
61 222
48.9
64 056
51.1
125 278
82.2
Total Coroner certified deaths
12 326
66.0
6 342
34.0
18 668
61.1
Total Deaths
73 548
51.1
70 398
48.9
143 946
80.9

- nil or rounded to zero (including null cells)
(a) Data cells with small values have been randomly assigned to protect the confidentiality of individuals. As a result, some totals will not equal the sum of their components. It is important to note that cells with a zero value have not been affected by confidentialisation.
(b) Proportions for males and females not applicable as values have been randomly assigned and do not add to total persons






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