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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 1994  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 27/05/1994   
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Contents >> Education >> Definitions and references

Definitions and references

Apprentice - a person who has entered into a legal contract with an employer to serve a period of training for the purpose of attaining tradesperson's status in a recognised trade classification. Before signing indentures, the apprentice generally serves a probationary period, usually 3 months.

    Reference: Vocational Employment, Education and Training Advisory Committee Apprenticeship statistics

Certificate or diploma - completion of an approved certificate or diploma in secretarial or business studies, administration, teaching, nursing etc.
    Reference: Labour Force Status and Educational Attainment, Australia (cat. no. 6235.0)

Degree or higher - a bachelor degree (including honours), a graduate or post-graduate diploma, masters degree or a doctorate.
    Reference: Labour Force Status and Educational Attainment, Australia (cat. no. 6235.0)

Did not complete highest level of secondary school - a person who did not have any post-school qualifications (as defined) and who did not complete the highest level of secondary schooling (or equivalent) offered by the education system at the time they left school.
    Reference: Labour Force Status and Educational Attainment, Australia (cat. no. 6235.0)

Full-time equivalent (FTE) - a measure of the total level of staff resources used. The FTE of a full-time staff member is equal to 1.0. The calculation of FTE for part-time staff is based on the proportion of time worked compared to that worked by full-time staff performing similar duties. Some States are not able to calculate FTE on the basis of time, so use wages, resource allocations or student/teacher numbers to estimate FTE.
    Reference: Schools, Australia (cat. no. 4221.0)

GDP (Gross domestic product) - the total market value of goods and services produced in Australia after deducting the cost of goods and services used up in the process of production but before deducting consumption of fixed capital.
    Reference: Australian National Accounts: Concepts, Sources and Methods (cat. no. 5216.0)

Government expenditure on education - government final expenditure, personal benefit payments, advances to persons for HECS and other government expenditure.
    Reference: Expenditure on Education, Australia (cat. no. 5510.0)

Government school - a school (as defined) administered by the Department of Education in each State/Territory.
    Reference: Schools, Australia (cat. no. 4221.0)

Higher education student - a person for whom there is a full-time, part-time or external enrolment in a course at a higher education institution at the reference date. Higher education institutions include: universities; institutes of technology; institutes of advanced education; institutes of higher education; institutes of tertiary education; agricultural colleges.
    Reference: Participation in Education, Australia (cat. no. 6272.0); Department of Employment, Education and Training Selected Higher Education Statistics

Non-government school - a school (as defined) not administered by a Department of Education but including special schools administered by government authorities other than State/Territory Departments of Education.
    Reference: Schools, Australia (cat. no. 4221.0)

Post-school qualification - a qualification held by a person who has left school and who, since leaving school, has obtained a trade qualification, certificate, diploma, degree or any other qualification.
    Reference: Labour Force Status and Educational Attainment, Australia (cat. no. 6235.0)

School - an educational institution which provides primary or secondary education on a full-time daily basis, or by radio or correspondence.
    Reference: Schools, Australia (cat. no. 4221.0)

School student/teacher ratio - number of school students (as defined) divided by full-time equivalent teachers (as defined) in both primary and secondary schools.
    Reference: Schools, Australia (cat. no. 4221.0)

School student - a person who is enrolled in a school (as defined) and active in a course of study, other than pre-school or technical and further education (TAFE) courses.
    Reference: Schools, Australia (cat. no. 4221.0)

TAFE student - a person for whom there is a full-time or part-time vocational stream enrolment in a college of technical and further education (TAFE) for the reference year.
    Reference: Department of Employment, Education and Training Selected TAFE Statistics

Tertiary education - education provided by any institution offering post-school courses. This encompasses both the TAFE and higher education systems.
    Reference: Participation in Education, Australia (cat. no. 6272.0)

Total expenditure on education - government expenditure on education (as defined) plus private final expenditure on education.
    Reference: Expenditure on Education, Australia (cat. no. 5510.0)

Trade qualification - completion of an approved trade/technical apprenticeship in a field such as fitting and turning, hairdressing, plumbing, carpentry etc.
    Reference: Labour Force Status and Educational Attainment, Australia (cat. no. 6235.0)

Unemployment rate - the number of unemployed persons (aged 15-69 years) in any group expressed as a percentage of the labour force in the same group.
    Reference: Participation in Education, Australia (cat. no. 6272.0)

Year 12 apparent retention rate - the percentage of full-time students of a given cohort group who continue from the first year of secondary schooling to Year 12.
    Reference: Schools, Australia (cat. no. 4221.0)


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