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Definitions and references
Basic vocational qualification - course lasting from one semester to one year full-time (or equivalent) providing practical skills and knowledge for those wanting to work at the operative level in various fields. Prior to 1994, basic vocational qualifications were included in the category certificate/diploma.
Degree or higher - a bachelor degree (including honours), a graduate or post-graduate diploma, master's degree or a doctorate.
Did not complete highest level of secondary school - those without post-school qualifications who did not complete the highest level of secondary schooling available at the time they left school.
Full-time equivalent (FTE) - a measure of the total level of staff resources used. The FTE of a full-time staff member is equal to 1.0. The calculation of FTE for part-time staff is based on the proportion of time worked compared to that worked by full-time staff performing similar duties.
GDP (gross domestic product) - the total market value of goods and services produced in Australia after deducting the cost of goods and services used up in the process of production but before deducting consumption of fixed capital.
Government expenditure on education - government final expenditure, personal benefit payments, advances to persons for HECS and other government expenditure.
Government school - one administered by the Department of Education in each state/territory.
Higher education student - a person for whom there is a full-time, part-time or external enrolment in a course at a higher education institution at the reference date.
Non-government school - one not administered by a Department of Education but including special schools administered by government authorities other than state/territory education departments.
Post-school qualification - any qualification gained by a person after leaving school such as a trade qualification, certificate, diploma, or degree.
School - an educational institution which provides primary or secondary education on a full-time daily basis, or by radio or correspondence.
School student - a person who is enrolled in a school and active in a course of study, other than pre-school or technical and further education (TAFE) courses.
School student/teacher ratio - number of school students divided by full-time equivalent teachers in both primary and secondary schools.
Skilled vocational qualification - course lasting two to four years, and typically involving some on-the-job training, for those wanting to work in a specific vocation, recognised trade or craft that requires a high degree of skill in a range of related activities. Prior to 1994, skilled vocational qualifications referred to trade qualifications only.
TAFE student - a person for whom there is a full-time or part-time vocational stream enrolment in a college of technical and further education (TAFE) for the reference year.
Tertiary education - education provided by any institution offering post-school courses. Includes TAFE and higher education systems.
Total expenditure on education - government expenditure on education plus private final expenditure on education.
Trainees - those undertaking employment-based training under a contract of training. Prior to 1994, the number of trainees refers only to the number of apprentices. An apprentice is a person who has entered into a legal contract with an employer to serve a period of training for the purpose of attaining tradespersons status in a recognised trade qualification.
Undergraduate diploma - course lasting three years full-time (or equivalent) for those wanting to work as professionals or associate professionals. Prior to 1994, undergraduate diplomas were included in the category certificate/diploma.
Unemployment rate - the number of unemployed persons in any group expressed as a percentage of the labour force in the same group.
Year 12 apparent retention rate - the percentage of full-time students of a given cohort group who continue from the first year of secondary schooling to Year 12.