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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2005  
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Contents >> Health >> National and state health summary tables

National and state health summary tables

HEALTH: NATIONAL SUMMARY

HEALTH STATUS

Units
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

Life expectancy
1
Life expectancy at birth - males(a)
years
75.0
75.5
75.5
75.6
75.9
76.2
76.6
77.0
77.4
77.8
n.y.a.
2
Life expectancy at birth - females(a)
years
80.9
81.1
81.3
81.3
81.5
81.8
82.0
82.4
82.6
82.8
n.y.a.
3
Life expectancy at age 65 - males(a)
years
15.7
16.0
16.0
16.1
16.3
16.6
16.8
17.2
17.4
17.6
n.y.a.
4
Life expectancy at age 65 - females(a)
years
19.5
19.7
19.8
19.8
20.0
20.2
20.4
20.7
20.8
21.0
n.y.a.
5
Disability-free life expectancy at birth - males
years
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
r57.9
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
59.1
n.y.a.
6
Disability-free life expectancy at birth - females
years
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
r62.0
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
62.2
n.y.a.
7
Males surviving to age 50 years
%
93.8
93.8
93.8
93.8
93.9
93.9
94.0
94.2
94.4
94.7
n.y.a.
8
Females surviving to age 50
%
96.7
96.7
96.8
96.7
96.7
96.7
96.7
96.9
96.9
97.0
n.y.a.
9
Males surviving to age 70
%
72.9
73.7
74.2
74.1
74.7
75.5
76.3
77.3
78.1
78.7
n.y.a.
10
Females surviving to age 70
%
84.5
84.8
85.1
85.0
85.2
85.7
86.1
86.6
86.8
87.1
n.y.a.
11
Males surviving to age 85
%
25.5
27.3
27.4
28.0
28.6
29.9
31.2
32.9
34.0
35.2
n.y.a.
12
Females surviving to age 85
%
45.2
46.5
47.0
47.0
47.8
48.9
50.2
51.6
52.2
53.0
n.y.a.
Mortality(b)
13
Total number of deaths
'000
126.7
125.1
128.7
129.4
127.2
128.1
128.3
r128.5
133.7
132.3
n.y.a.
14
Standardised death rate (per 1,000 population)
rate
8.1
7.8
7.8
7.6
7.2
7.1
6.8
6.6
6.7
6.4
n.y.a.
15
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)
rate
5.9
5.7
5.8
5.3
5.0
5.7
5.2
5.3
5.0
4.8
n.y.a.
16
Perinatal mortality rate (per 1,000 live births and fetal deaths combined)
rate
9.1
9.4
10.0
9.2
8.3
8.5
8.3
8.4
8.0
8.0
n.y.a.
Disability(c)(d)
17
Persons with a disability
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
r20.1
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
20.0
n.y.a.
18
Persons with a profound/severe core activity restriction
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
r6.4
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
6.3
n.y.a.

CAUSES OF DEATH

Units
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

Rates are per 100,000 population(b)
Leading causes(c)
19
Cancer
rate
209
205
205
199
196
191
189
189
188
183
n.y.a.
20
Ischaemic heart disease
rate
200
187
182
175
162
153
142
135
130
123
n.y.a.
21
Stroke
rate
86
82
80
75
71
69
66
63
62
59
n.y.a.
Selected cancers(c)
22
Lung cancer - males
rate
67
64
63
59
59
57
55
54
53
49
n.y.a.
23
Lung cancer - females
rate
21
22
22
22
21
21
22
23
24
22
n.y.a.
24
Breast cancer - females
rate
31
29
29
28
27
25
25
25
25
25
n.y.a.
25
Prostate cancer - males
rate
43
41
42
37
37
35
36
35
35
34
n.y.a.
26
Skin cancer
rate
8
8
8
7
7
7
7
8
7
7
n.y.a.
Heart disease and diabetes(c)
27
Ischaemic heart disease - males
rate
262
248
240
229
214
202
185
176
170
161
n.y.a.
28
Ischaemic heart disease - females
rate
152
141
136
132
122
115
108
102
98
93
n.y.a.
29
Diabetes mellitus
rate
18
17
18
18
16
16
16
16
17
16
n.y.a.
Motor vehicle accidents
30
Motor vehicle traffic accident(c)
rate
11
11
11
9
9
9
9
9
8
8
n.y.a.
31
Males aged 15-24 years
rate
31
33
32
28
27
27
28
27
24
23
n.y.a.
32
Females aged 15-24
rate
10
11
8
10
9
9
10
7
8
7
n.y.a.
Suicide
33
Suicide(c)
rate
13
13
13
15
14
13
12
13
12
11
n.y.a.
34
Males(c)
rate
21
21
22
24
23
22
20
20
19
18
n.y.a.
35
Females(c)
rate
5
6
5
6
6
5
5
5
5
5
n.y.a.
36
Males aged 15-24 years
rate
27
25
26
31
27
23
20
20
19
18
n.y.a.
37
Females aged 15-24
rate
4
6
4
7
6
6
6
5
4
4
n.y.a.
Drug induced(c)
38
Drug induced
rate
6
6
6
7
9
9
8
5
5
5
n.y.a.
39
Males
7
9
8
10
12
13
11
7
6
6
n.y.a.
40
Females
rate
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
4
4
3
n.y.a.

RISK FACTORS

Units
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

Immunisation status(e)
41
Fully immunised children aged 12-15 months
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
78.6
86.1
88.4
91.5
90.2
91.0
91.2
42
Fully immunised children aged 24-27 months
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
81.7
86.6
88.1
91.6
91.7
43
Fully immunised children aged 72-75 months
%
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
80.6
83.7
83.6
Drinking and smoking(f)
44
Risky/high-risk drinkers - of males aged 18 years and over
%
n.a.
10.3
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
13.2
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
45
Risky/high-risk drinkers - of females aged 18 and over
%
n.a.
6.1
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
8.5
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
46
Current smokers - of males aged 18 and over
%
n.a.
28.5
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
27.3
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
47
Current smokers - of females aged 18 and over
%
n.a.
21.8
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
21.4
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Diet and exercise(f)
48
Overweight/obese adults - of males aged 18 years and over
%
n.a.
49.0
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
54.4
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
49
Overweight/obese adults - of females aged 18 and over
%
n.a.
32.5
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
38.2
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
50
Adults with low usual intake of fruit - of males aged 18 and over
%
n.a.
53.2
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
53.5
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
51
Adults with low usual intake of fruit - of females aged 18 and over
%
n.a.
44.7
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
41.9
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
52
Adults who are physically inactive - of males aged 18 and over
%
n.a.
35.0
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
30.9
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
53
Adults who are physically inactive - of females aged 18 and over
%
n.a.
35.2
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
32.0
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
High blood pressure(f)
54
Hypertension - of males aged 18 years and over
%
n.a.
13.9
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
12.8
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
55
Hypertension - of females aged 18 and over
%
n.a.
r14.5
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
13.9
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

SERVICES

Units
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

56
Hospital separations (per 1,000 population)(c)
rate
267
279
291
296
304
309
312
r320
r328
334
n.y.a.
57
Hospital beds (per 1,000 population)
rate
4.2
4.5
4.6
4.4
4.3
4.2
4.1
4.1
4.0
4.0
n.y.a.
58
Average length of stay in hospital
days
4.6
4.3
4.3
4.2
4.1
3.9
3.8
3.7
3.6
3.5
n.y.a.
59
Doctors (per 100,000 population)
no.
n.a.
n.a.
241
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
248
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
60
Residential aged care places (per 1,000 population aged 70 and over)
rate
92.6
92.2
90.6
89.2
87.1
85.6
83.6
82.2
81.6
82.8
n.y.a
Medicare usage
Average Medicare services processed(g)
61
Per person
no.
r10.1
r10.4
r10.7
r10.7
r10.8
r10.9
r10.9
r11.0
r11.2
11.1
11.3
62
Per male
no.
r8.1
r8.3
r8.6
r8.7
r8.8
r8.9
r8.9
r9.0
r9.2
r9.1
9.3
63
Per female
no.
r12.1
r12.5
r12.8
r12.8
r12.8
r12.9
r13.0
r13.0
r13.3
r13.2
13.2
64
Proportion of Medicare services used by persons aged 65 and over
%
22.0
22.5
23.0
23.6
24.2
24.6
25.3
25.8
r26.4
27.4
28.3

EXPENDITURE

Units
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004

65
Persons with private health insurance
%
37.2
34.9
33.6
31.9
30.6
30.6
43.0
44.9
44.3
43.5
42.9
66
Total health expenditure (current prices) per person per year (1999-2000 reference year)
$
2,082
2,183
2,313
r2,459
r2,593
r2,748
r2,910
r3,186
r3,395
r3,652
n.y.a.
67
Total health expenditure (current prices) as a proportion of GDP
%
8.3
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
r8.9
r9.2
9.3
9.5
n.y.a.

(a) For 1994-1996 data, expectation of life was based on annual life tables (statistical models used to represent mortality of a population; for more information, see Deaths, Australia, (cat. no. 3302.0)). From 1997, expectation of life has data for three years ending in the year shown in the table heading.
(b) Based on deaths registered during the year.
(c) Rates are age-standardised to the Australian population at 30 June 2001.
(d) Differences indicated between 1998 and 2003 are not statistically significant.
(e) As a proportion of all children in that age group on the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register.
(f) Age-standardised to the 2001 National Health Survey benchmark population.
(g) Average number of services processed per Australian resident.

Reference periods:

Data for indicators 1-12 are calculated using data for the three years ending in the year shown in the table heading from 1997 onwards.
Data for indicators 13-16 and 19-40 are for the calendar year.
Data for indicators 17-18 are according to the reference period for the survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers.
Data for indicators 41-43 are at 31 December for 2003 and 2004 and at 30 June for 1998-2002.
Data for indicators 44-55 are according to the reference period for the National Health Survey.
Data for indicators 56, 58, 61-64 and 66-67 are for the financial year ending 30 June.
Data for indicators 57 and 60 is the average of monthly figures over the financial year ending June 30.
Data for indicator 59 is at Census night.
Data for indicator 65 are at the June quarter of each year.

HEALTH: STATE SUMMARY

HEALTH STATUS

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

Life expectancy
1
Life expectancy at birth - males
years
2001-03
77.7
78.2
77.6
77.7
78.1
76.6
72.0
79.2
77.8
2
Life expectancy at birth - females
years
2001-03
82.9
83.1
82.8
82.7
83.0
81.4
77.3
83.8
82.8
3
Males surviving to age 50 years
%
2001-03
94.8
95.2
94.3
94.6
94.7
94.4
88.0
95.6
94.7
4
Females surviving to age 50
%
2001-03
97.2
97.3
96.9
96.8
96.9
96.7
92.8
97.8
97.0
5
Males surviving to age 70
%
2001-03
78.5
79.7
78.2
78.8
79.7
76.3
66.3
82.2
78.7
6
Females surviving to age 70
%
2001-03
87.0
87.7
87.1
87.0
87.5
84.5
76.3
89.1
87.1
7
Males surviving to age 85
%
2001-03
34.9
35.9
35.5
34.4
36.2
31.0
24.9
39.2
35.2
8
Females surviving to age 85
%
2001-03
52.9
53.8
53.0
52.9
53.9
47.8
38.2
55.5
53.0
Mortality(a)
9
Total number of deaths
'000
2003
46.1
32.9
23.5
12.2
11.3
4.0
0.9
1.4
132.3
10
Standardised death rate (per 1,000 population)
rate
2003
6.4
6.3
6.4
6.6
6.2
7.4
9.0
5.8
6.4
11
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)
rate
2003
4.6
5.1
4.8
3.7
4.1
7.0
8.4
5.8
4.8
12
Perinatal mortality rate (per 1,000 live births and fetal deaths combined)
rate
2003
6.8
8.8
7.8
8.3
8.2
11.9
15.2
9.4
8.0
Morbidity and disability prevalence
13
Cancer(b)
%
2001
1.4
1.3
1.7
1.2
1.2
1.0
n.a.
1.7
1.4
14
Ischaemic and other heart disease(b)
%
2001
1.6
2.1
2.5
1.8
1.5
2.2
n.a.
2.2
1.9
15
Diabetes(b)
%
2001
2.9
3.1
2.8
2.9
2.7
2.1
n.a.
3.1
2.9
16
Asthma(b)
%
2001
11.1
12.1
12.0
12.6
10.5
11.7
n.a.
12.3
11.6
17
Injury(b)
%
2001
3.7
3.4
4.2
3.3
2.8
4.8
n.a.
4.4
3.7
18
High/very high levels of psychological distress - aged 18 and over(b)
%
2001
12.9
12.9
11.8
14.2
11.1
13.9
n.a.
9.2
12.6
19
Arthritis(b)
%
2001
13.9
12.9
14.1
12.9
13.5
18.7
n.a.
11.8
13.6
20
Persons with a disability(c)(d)
%
2003
17.7
19.9
22.5
22.6
21.4
22.6
n.p.
15.8
20.0
21
Persons with a profound/severe core activity restriction(c)(d)
%
2003
5.4
6.5
7.6
6.5
6.2
7.4
n.p.
5.0
6.3

CAUSES OF DEATH

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

Rates are per 100,000 population(a)(e)
Leading causes(d)
22
Cancer
rate
2001-03
183
191
188
188
184
211
195
173
187
23
Ischaemic heart disease
rate
2001-03
128
122
142
134
116
144
147
107
129
24
Stroke
rate
2001-03
66
56
64
60
52
63
54
57
61
Selected cancers(d)
25
Lung cancer - males
rate
2001-03
51
51
54
49
55
60
59
38
52
26
Lung cancer - females
rate
2001-03
22
23
23
21
23
32
28
17
23
27
Breast cancer - females
rate
2001-03
24
26
24
28
25
23
20
22
25
28
Prostate cancer - males
rate
2001-03
34
37
36
35
28
43
30
34
35
29
Skin cancer
rate
2001-03
8
6
9
6
7
7
5
7
7
Heart disease and diabetes(d)
30
Ischaemic heart disease - males
rate
2001-03
167
161
182
181
151
181
172
143
168
31
Ischaemic heart disease - females
rate
2001-03
96
92
110
99
88
113
114
79
97
32
Diabetes mellitus
rate
2001-03
13
20
15
15
17
23
47
15
16
Motor vehicle accidents
33
Motor vehicle traffic accident(d)
rate
2001-03
8
8
9
10
9
9
23
4
8
34
Males aged 15-24
rate
2001-03
22
23
27
28
31
21
49
9
25
35
Females aged 15-24
rate
2001-03
6
6
9
9
10
8
32
5
8
Suicide
36
Suicide(d)
rate
2001-03
11
11
14
12
13
15
24
11
12
37
Males(d)
rate
2001-03
17
17
22
21
20
24
41
17
19
38
Females(d)
rate
2001-03
4
5
5
5
6
6
6
4
5
39
Males aged 15-24
rate
2001-03
15
15
24
23
26
16
62
15
19
40
Females aged 15-24
rate
2001-03
3
4
5
4
5
3
11
8
4
Drug induced(d)
41
Drug induced
rate
2001-03
5
5
4
5
5
5
5
6
5
42
Males
rate
2001-03
7
7
6
6
5
5
7
7
6
43
Females
rate
2001-03
3
4
3
4
4
5
2
5
4

RISK FACTORS

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

Immunisation status(f)
44
Fully immunised children aged 12-15 months
%
2004
90.7
91.3
91.4
91.0
91.7
93.0
89.7
92.8
91.2
45
Fully immunised children aged 24-27 months
%
2004
91.1
92.6
91.6
93.3
89.8
92.9
93.8
92.0
91.7
46
Fully immunised children aged 72-75 months
%
2004
83.7
85.7
81.6
84.3
80.6
83.4
86.7
87.2
83.6
Drinking and smoking(b)
47
Risky/high-risk drinkers - of males aged 18 and over
%
2001
13.1
10.9
15.8
14.0
13.9
12.8
n.a.
14.1
13.2
48
Risky/high-risk drinkers - of females aged 18 and over
%
2001
8.6
7.7
8.1
8.0
11.1
7.0
n.a.
9.3
8.5
49
Current smokers - of males aged 18 and over
%
2001
27.2
27.7
30.5
28.2
24.8
25.0
n.a.
20.9
27.3
50
Current smokers - of females aged 18 and over
%
2001
21.3
20.6
20.7
21.4
21.5
23.7
n.a.
19.0
21.4
Diet and exercise(b)
51
Overweight/obese adults - of males aged 18 and over
%
2001
54.5
54.4
55.8
51.9
55.0
54.2
n.a.
51.9
54.4
52
Overweight/obese adults - of females aged 18 and over
%
2001
37.6
37.9
41.3
38.1
36.2
36.6
n.a.
32.6
38.2
53
Adults with low usual intake of fruit - of males aged 18 and over
%
2001
53.9
54.2
50.3
62.2
50.1
56.2
n.a.
50.6
53.5
54
Adults with low usual intake of fruit - of females aged 18 and over
%
2001
43.8
39.7
39.6
43.4
40.8
43.8
n.a.
40.9
41.9
55
Adults who are physically inactive - of males aged 18 and over
%
2001
32.8
28.2
31.2
31.7
28.8
31.9
n.a.
24.0
30.9
56
Adults who are physically inactive - of females aged 18 and over
%
2001
36.1
28.8
33.0
32.4
28.1
32.0
n.a.
24.2
32.0
High blood pressure(b)
57
Hypertension - of males aged 18 and over
%
2001
12.7
11.9
11.8
12.6
12.9
16.0
n.a.
16.2
12.8
58
Hypertension - of females aged 18 and over
%
2001
14.3
14.2
15.6
14.0
13.1
16.0
n.a.
12.0
13.9

SERVICES

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

59
Hospital separations (per 1,000 population)(d)
rate
2002-03
294
362
352
356
344
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
334
60
Hospital beds (per 1,000 population)
rate
2002-03
3.8
3.8
4.2
5.2
3.7
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
4.0
61
Average length of stay in hospital 61
days
2002-03
3.8
3.4
3.4
3.7
3.4
n.p.
n.p.
n.p.
3.5
62
Doctors (per 100,000 population) 62
rate
2001
251
252
234
276
232
235
253
287
248
63
Residential aged care places (per 1,000 population aged 70 and over)
no.
2003
81.6
80.9
85.7
87.6
82.7
84.1
105.4
74.5
82.8
Medicare usage
Average Medicare services processed(h)
64
Per person
no.
2003-04
12.0
11.3
10.9
11.3
10.1
10.4
6.3
9.1
11.3
65
Per male
no.
2003-04
10.1
9.3
9.0
9.3
8.1
8.4
4.8
7.1
9.3
66
Per female
no.
2003-04
14.0
13.3
12.9
13.2
12.2
12.3
7.9
11.0
13.2
67
Proportion of Medicare services used by persons aged 65 and over
%
2003-04
28.6
29.3
27.0
31.3
26.0
29.6
10.8
21.9
28.3

EXPENDITURE

Units
Years
NSW
Vic.
Qld
SA
WA
Tas.
NT
ACT
Aust.

68
Persons with private health insurance
%
2004
44.2
42.2
40.1
43.9
31.8
45.6
42.1
(g)
42.9

(a) Based on deaths registered during the year.
(b) Rates are age standardised to the 2001 National Health Survey benchmark population.
(c) Disability estimates for Northern Territory relate to mainly urban areas only.
(d) Rates are age-standardised to the 2001 Australian population as at June 30.
(e) Rates are calculated using the average of three years of data divided by the population of the middle year.
(f) As a proportion of all children in that age group on the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register.
(g) The Australian Capital Territory is included in New South Wales.
(h) Average number of services processed per Australian resident.

Reference periods:
Data for indicators 1-8 are calculated using the average of three years of data.

Data for indicators 9-11 are for the calendar year.
Data for indicators 13-19 are according to the reference period for the most recent National Health Survey.
Data for indicators 20-21 are according to the reference period for the Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers.
Data for indicators 22-43 are calculated using the average of three years of deaths data, divided by the population of the middle year.
Data for indicators 44-46 are at 31 December.
Data for indicators 47-58 are according to the reference period for the most recent National Health Survey.
Data for indicators 59, 61 and 64-67 are for the financial year ending June.
Data for indicators 60 and 63 is the average of monthly figures over the financial year ending June 30.
Data for indicator 62 as at Census night.
Data for indicator 68 are for the June quarter.


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