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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2000  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 04/07/2000   
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Health


HEALTH STATUS

Life expectancy at birth
Disability adjusted life
expectancy at birth(b)
Infant mortality

Reference year
rate(a)
Males
Females
Reference year
Males
Females
Country
rate
years
years
years
years

Australia
1995-2000
6
75.5
81.1
1999
70.8
75.5
Canada
1995-2000
6
76.1
81.8
1999
70.0
74.0
China(c)
1995-2000
41
67.9
72.0
1999
61.2
63.3
France
1995-2000
6
74.2
82.0
1999
69.3
76.9
Greece
1995-2000
8
75.6
80.6
1999
70.5
74.6
Hong Kong
1995-2000
6
75.8
81.4
1999
n.a.
n.a.
Indonesia
1995-2000
48
63.3
67.0
1999
58.8
60.6
Italy
1995-2000
7
75.0
81.2
1999
70.0
75.4
Japan
1995-2000
4
76.8
82.9
1999
71.9
77.2
Korea (Republic of)
1995-2000
10
68.8
76.0
1999
62.3
67.7
Malaysia
1995-2000
11
69.9
74.3
1999
61.3
61.6
New Zealand
1995-2000
7
74.1
79.7
1999
67.1
71.2
Papua New Guinea
1995-2000
61
57.2
58.7
1999
45.5
48.5
Singapore
1995-2000
5
74.9
79.3
1999
67.4
71.2
Sweden
1995-2000
5
76.3
80.8
1999
71.2
74.9
United Kingdom
1995-2000
7
74.5
79.8
1999
69.7
73.7
United States of America
1995-2000
7
73.4
80.1
1999
67.5
72.6
Viet Nam
1995-2000
38
64.9
69.6
1999
56.7
59.6

(a) Per 1,000 live births.
(b) Disability adjusted life expectancy at birth summarises the expected number of years to be lived in what might be termed the equivalent years of 'full health'.
(c) Excludes Hong Kong and Taiwan Province.

Source: United Nations World Population Prospects: The 1998 Revision; World Health Organisation Statistical Information System at http://www.who.int/whosis.

STANDARDISED DEATH RATES(a) FOR SELECTED CAUSES OF DEATH

Country
Reference year
Malignant neoplasms (cancer)
Ischaemic heart disease
Cerebrovascular disease (stroke)
Motor vehicle traffic accidents
Suicide and self-inflicted injury(b)
All
causes
no.
no.
no.
no.
no.
no.

Australia
1994
126.2
95.8
37.2
10.0
11.2
440.6
Canada
1995
126.1
81.4
26.2
9.8
11.6
428.8
China (rural)(c)
1994
111.9
26.5
110.2
13.8
25.8
698.7
China (urban)(c)
1994
119.4
57.6
125.0
10.1
5.9
594.7
France
1994
130.8
33.2
26.7
12.9
15.8
423.9
Greece
1995
109.4
57.5
69.2
19.8
2.7
449.0
Hong Kong
1994
125.9
40.0
39.8
4.5
10.3
392.9
Indonesia
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Italy
1993
133.7
55.0
48.5
12.4
5.8
450.0
Japan
1994
106.2
21.7
44.5
8.9
12.2
364.0
Korea (Republic of)(d)
1995
123.1
14.6
90.9
36.2
9.8
585.8
Malaysia
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
New Zealand
1993
142.2
119.7
44.0
16.8
11.7
509.9
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
Singapore
1995
130.8
96.7
57.0
7.6
12.0
517.7
Sweden
1995
106.6
94.1
34.7
4.9
11.8
408.6
United Kingdom
1995
137.1
112.2
43.1
5.6
6.2
495.8

(a) Standardised death rates are the overall death rates per 100,000 population that would have prevailed in a standard population if it had experienced at each age the death rates of the population being studied. The standard population used in this table is the World Health Organisation world standard population. Standardised death rates for Australia presented in the Health chapter of this publication or elsewhere in ABS publications are not comparable owing to the use of a different standard population and different reference periods.
(b) It is generally acknowledged that suicides are under-reported as a cause of death. The degree of under-reporting varies from country to country, partly for social and cultural reasons, but also because of differences in legal requirements and administrative procedures in arriving at a verdict of suicide.
(c) Excludes Hong Kong and Taiwan Province.
(d) Causes of death have been coded to the tenth edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD10). For all other countries, causes of death have been coded to the ninth edition (ICD9).

Source: World Health Organisation World Health Statistics Annual 1996; World Health Organisation World Health Statistics Annual 1995.

HEALTH SERVICES AND EXPENDITURE

Reference year
Health expenditure
as % of GDP
Health expenditure per capita at PPP(a)
Reference year
Doctors per 1,000 population
Reference year
Acute hospital beds per 1,000 population
Country
%
$US '000
no.
no.

Australia
1997
8.4
1.9
1997
2.5
1997
4.0
Canada
1997
9.2
2.2
1997
2.1
1993
3.6
China(b)
. .
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
. .
n.a.
France
1997
9.6
2.0
1997
3.0
1997
4.3
Greece
1997
8.6
1.2
1996
4.0
1992
3.9
Hong Kong
. .
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
. .
n.a.
Indonesia
. .
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
. .
n.a.
Italy
1997
7.6
1.6
1997
5.8
1996
5.5
Japan
1997
7.2
1.8
1996
1.8
. .
n.a.
Korea (Republic of)
1997
6.0
0.9
1997
1.2
1997
4.2
Malaysia
. .
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
. .
n.a.
New Zealand
1997
7.6
1.4
1997
2.2
1991
7.1
Papua New Guinea
. .
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
. .
n.a.
Singapore
. .
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
. .
n.a.
Sweden
1997
8.6
1.8
1996
3.1
1997
2.7
United Kingdom
1997
6.8
1.4
1996
1.7
1996
2.0
United States of America
1997
13.9
4.1
1997
2.7
1996
3.3
Viet Nam
. .
n.a.
n.a.
. .
n.a.
. .
n.a.

(a) PPP (purchasing power parities) are the rates of currency conversion which eliminate the differences in price levels between countries.
(b) Excludes Hong Kong and Taiwan Province.

Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, OECD Health Data 99: a comparative analysis of 29 countries, 1999.


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