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4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 1998  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 03/06/1998   
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Contents >> Education >> Definitions and references

Definitions and references

Apprentice - an employed person aged 15-34 who has entered into a legal contract (called an 'indenture' or 'contract of training') with an employer to serve a period of training for the purpose of attaining tradesperson's status in a recognised trade.

    Reference: Transition from Education to Work, Australia (cat. no. 6227.0).

Associate diploma - course lasting from one to two years full time (or equivalent) for those wanting to work in advanced trades, technical, or associate professional occupations.
    Reference: Transition from Education to Work, Australia (cat. no. 6227.0).

Basic vocational qualification - course lasting from one semester to one year full time (or equivalent) providing practical skills and knowledge for those wanting to work at the operative level in various fields. Prior to 1993, basic vocational qualifications were included with undergraduate or associate diplomas.
    Reference: Transition from Education to Work, Australia (cat. no. 6227.0).

Degree or higher - a bachelor degree (including honours), a graduate or post-graduate diploma, master's degree or a doctorate.
    Reference: Transition from Education to Work, Australia (cat. no. 6227.0).

Did not complete highest level of secondary school - a person without post-school qualifications who did not complete the highest level of secondary schooling available at the time they left school.
    Reference: Transition from Education to Work, Australia (cat. no. 6227.0).

Full-time equivalent (FTE) - a measure of the total level of staff resources used. The FTE of a full-time staff member is equal to 1.0. The calculation of FTE for part-time staff is based on the proportion of time worked compared to that worked by full-time staff performing similar duties.
    Reference: Schools, Australia (cat. no. 4221.0).

GDP (gross domestic product) - the current price measure which is the sum of all final expenditure, changes in stocks and imports less exports.
    Reference: Expenditure on Education, Australia (cat. no. 5510.0).

Government expenditure on education - government final expenditure, personal benefit payments, advances to persons for the Higher Education Contribution Scheme (HECS) and other government expenditure.
    Reference: Expenditure on Education, Australia (cat. no. 5510.0).

Government school - one administered by the Department of Education in each State/Territory.
    Reference: Schools, Australia (cat. no. 4221.0).

Higher education student - a person for whom there is a full-time, part-time or external enrolment in a course at a higher education institution at the reference date.
    Reference: Transition from Education to Work, Australia (cat. no. 6227.0); Department of Employment, Education and Training, Selected Higher Education Statistics.

Non-government school - one not administered by a Department of Education but including special schools administered by government authorities other than the State/Territory education departments.
    Reference: Schools, Australia (cat. no. 4221.0).

Post-school qualification - a qualification gained by a person after leaving school, including higher degrees, postgraduate diplomas, bachelor degrees, undergraduate and associate diplomas, and skilled and basic qualifications.
    Reference: Transition from Education to Work, Australia (cat. no. 6227.0).

School - an educational institution which provides primary or secondary education on a full-time daily basis, or by radio or correspondence.
    Reference: Schools, Australia (cat. no. 4221.0).

School student - a person who is enrolled in a school and active in a course of study, other than pre-school or technical and further education (TAFE) courses.
    Reference: Schools, Australia (cat. no. 4221.0).

School student/teacher ratio - number of school students divided by full-time equivalent teachers.
    Reference: Schools, Australia (cat. no. 4221.0).

Skilled vocational qualification - course lasting two to four years, and typically involving some on-the-job training, for those wanting to work in a specific vocation, recognised trade or craft that requires a high degree of skill in a range of related activities. Prior to 1993, skilled vocational qualifications referred to trade qualifications only.
    Reference: Transition from Education to Work, Australia (cat. no. 6227.0.40.001).

Tertiary education - education provided by any institution offering post-school courses. Includes TAFE, higher education and other post-school systems.
    Reference: Transition from Education to Work, Australia (cat. no. 6227.0).

Total expenditure on education - government expenditure on education plus private final expenditure on education.
    Reference: Expenditure on Education, Australia (cat. no. 5510.0).

Undergraduate diploma - course lasting three years full-time (or equivalent) for those wanting to work as professionals or associate professionals.
    Reference: Transition from Education to Work, Australia (cat. no. 6227.0).

Unemployment rate - the number of unemployed persons in any group expressed as a percentage of the labour force in the same group.
    Reference: Transition from Education to Work, Australia (cat. no. 6227.0).

VET student - a person for whom there is a full-time or part-time vocational stream enrolment in a TAFE college or a course provided by some private or adult and community education providers in the reference year.
    Reference: National Centre for Vocational Education Research, Australian Vocational Education and Training Statistics: in detail.
Year 12 apparent retention rate - the percentage of full-time students of a given cohort group who continue from the first year of secondary schooling to Year 12.
    Reference: Schools, Australia (cat. no. 4221.0).

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