Australian Bureau of Statistics

Rate the ABS website
ABS Home > Statistics > By Release Date
ABS @ Facebook ABS @ Twitter ABS RSS ABS Email notification service
1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2004  
Previous ISSUE Released at 11:30 AM (CANBERRA TIME) 27/02/2004   
   Page tools: Print Print Page RSS Feed RSS Bookmark and Share Search this Product  
Contents >> Mining >> Structure and performance of the mining industry

The source for the statistics used in this section is the annual Economic Activity Survey of employing businesses conducted by the ABS. This collection is a combination of censuses and sample surveys encompassing the mining industry as well as other industries in the economy. Businesses in this collection are classified on the basis of their predominant activity, using the 1993 version of the Australian and New Zealand Standard Industrial Classification (ANZSIC). The industry 'Other mining' refers to construction material mining and mining n.e.c. as described in ANZSIC.

At 30 June 2001, mining businesses (including those that provide services to mining) employed 66,700 persons. During 2000-01, those businesses paid $5,229m in wages and salaries, generated $54,032m in sales and service income and $33,958m industry value added.

In 2000-01, the oil and gas extraction industry's share of total mining production, measured in industry value added terms, was the largest of the mining industries. Industry value added represents the value added by an industry to the intermediate inputs used by the industry. Oil and gas extraction businesses accounted for 50% of total production (table 16.17); other industry contributors were metal ore mining (28%), coal mining (17%), and other mining and services to mining (5.4% combined).

Metal ore mining industries accounted for 35% of total mining employment. Coal mining was the next largest industry with 26%. Services to mining was also significant in terms of employment with 21% of total mining employment. The oil and gas extraction industry accounted for 10% of total employment in 2000-01.

16.17 SUMMARY OF OPERATIONS - 2000-01

Inventories

Employment at
30 June(a)
Wages
and salaries(b)
Sales of goods
and
services
Operating profit
before
tax
Open
Close
Purchases and selected expenses
Industry value added
Net
worth
Industry
no.
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Coal mining
17,256
1,640.7
11,654.2
1,839.7
873.2
689.4
6,151.7
5,624.9
7,755.9
Oil and gas extraction
6,714
709.9
18,886.6
10,787.6
353.4
365.1
2,695.8
16,907.4
21,372.3
Metal ore mining(c)
Iron ore mining
4,525
412.2
4,791.1
1,847.1
454.8
309.8
1,621.6
3,211.6
4,989.6
Copper ore mining
3,864
289.5
3,295.1
665.0
421.6
444.6
1,908.3
1,526.2
1,643.8
Gold ore mining
8,096
481.1
4,652.5
278.1
554.6
397.8
3,090.3
1,833.2
3,852.4
Mineral sand mining
1,679
76.7
1,031.5
379.3
218.1
214.5
445.2
599.8
832.7
Silver-lead-zinc ore mining
2,265
215.7
2,144.0
45.9
165.1
151.8
1,272.5
911.8
691.5
Other(d)
2,628
221.6
2,931.3
722.0
458.3
462.8
1,481.7
1,518.1
-376.3
Total
23,057
1,696.8
18,845.5
3,937.4
2,272.5
1,981.3
9,819.6
9,600.7
11,633.7
Other mining
5,827
296.2
1,836.9
228.1
248.6
222.3
978.2
891.0
1,344.1
Services to mining
13,823
885.3
2,808.3
-671.9
260.6
237.5
2,180.4
934.2
1,602.3
Total mining
66,677
5,228.9
54,031.5
16,120.9
4,008.3
3,495.6
21,825.7
33,958.2
43,708.7
Total mining 1999-2000
64,061
4,807.9
41,755.9
7,851.9
3,897.3
4,145.6
19,579.2
24,412.0
38,770.3

(a) Includes working proprietors.
(b) Excludes the drawings of working proprietors.
(c) Excludes bauxite. Data for bauxite mining are not available as this activity is an integral part of businesses producing alumina. The majority of the bauxite mined in Australia is used to produce alumina. Alumina production is classified to manufacturing ANZSIC Class 2721.
(d) Includes ANZSIC Classes 1316 (Nickel ore mining) and 1319 (Metal ore mining n.e.c.).
Source: Mining Operations, Australia, 2000-01 (8415.0).

Capital expenditure in 2000-01 was largest in the metal ore mining industry ($1,937m). Most of this was spent on plant, machinery and other equipment (56%) while a significant amount was also spent on dwellings, and other buildings and structures (42%). The oil and gas extraction industry had the largest expenditure on dwellings, and other buildings and structures ($1,118m) (table 16.18).

16.18 FIXED CAPITAL EXPENDITURE AND DISPOSALS - 2000-01

Capital expenditure on

Land
Dwelling, other buildings
and structures
Plant, machinery
and equipment
Total acquisitions
Disposal of assets
Net capital expenditure
Industry
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m
$m

Coal mining
129.4
178.9
758.9
1,067.2
278.2
788.9
Oil and gas extraction
0.6
1,117.8
591.3
1,709.6
334.1
1,375.6
Metal ore mining(a)
Iron ore mining
14.4
109.4
149.6
273.4
28.6
244.8
Copper ore mining
0.8
168.3
235.6
404.7
12.0
392.7
Gold ore mining
21.0
298.1
312.3
631.4
126.7
504.7
Mineral sand mining
5.7
15.5
189.3
210.5
13.2
197.3
Silver-lead-zinc ore mining
0.9
160.5
129.6
291.1
8.5
282.5
Other(b)
1.4
54.0
70.2
125.7
25.3
100.4
Total
44.2
805.8
1,086.6
1,936.8
214.3
1,722.4
Other mining
2.7
18.8
141.9
163.4
12.6
150.8
Services to mining
13.6
43.7
235.6
292.9
150.8
142.1
Total mining
190.5
2,165.0
2,814.3
5,169.9
990.0
4,179.8
Total mining 1999-2000
112.3
3,126.6
4,167.0
7,405.6
997.7
6,408.2

(a) Excludes bauxite. Data for bauxite mining are not available as this activity is an integral part of businesses producing alumina. The majority of the bauxite mined in Australia is used to produce alumina. Alumina production is classified to manufacturing ANZSIC Class 2721.
(b) Includes ANZSIC Classes 1316 (Nickel ore mining) and 1319 (Metal ore mining n.e.c.).
Source: Mining Operations, Australia, 2000-01 (8415.0).

Table 16.19 provides the average value of selected labour costs per person employed in each of the coal mining, oil and gas extraction and metal ore mining industries. Selected labour costs are the sum of wages and salaries, superannuation and worker's compensation costs.

In 2000-01, selected labour costs per person employed was the highest for the oil and gas extraction industry ($111,500) when compared to other mining industries. Between 1995-96 and 2000-01, the metal ore mining industry had the greatest percentage increase in selected labour costs per person employed of the three mining industries shown in the table; however it maintained its position as the lowest of the three in regard to selected labour costs per person employed.

16.19 SELECTED LABOUR COSTS PER PERSON EMPLOYED

1995-96
1996-97
1997-98
1998-99
1999-2000
2000-01
Change from
1995-96 to 2000-01
Industry
$'000/person
employed
$'000/person
employed
$'000/person
employed
$'000/person
employed
$'000/person
employed
$'000/person
employed
%

Coal mining
87.7
89.5
109.3
105.3
103.7
107.2
22.2
Oil and gas extraction
92.9
101.8
96.8
102.0
108.7
111.5
20.0
Metal ore mining
64.1
67.4
73.0
75.7
76.1
80.6
25.7

Source: Australian Mining Industry (8414.0); Mining Operations, Australia (8415.0).

Operating profit before tax (OPBT) is a measure of profit before extraordinary items are brought to account and prior to the deduction of income tax and appropriations to owners (e.g. dividends paid).

Over the period 1997-98 to 2000-01, OPBT for the mining industry increased by 137% (up $9,332m). The oil and gas extraction industry was the main contributor to this rise (up 150% or $6,472m). The metal ore mining industry (up 107% or $2,039m) and the coal mining industry (up 111% or $970m) also recorded significant increases over the same period (table 16.20).

The most significant growth in the mining industry occurred in 2000-01 when OPBT increased 105% to $16,121m. This increase was mainly due to the oil and gas extraction industry where profit increased by 150%. Profit for metal ore mining and coal mining also increased significantly (105% and 46% respectively).

16.20 OPERATING PROFIT BEFORE TAX

1997-98
1998-99
1999-2000
2000-01
Change from 1997-98
to 2000-01
Industry
$m
$m
$m
$m
%

Coal mining
870
1,885
1,260
1,840
111
Oil and gas extraction
4,316
2,722
4,320
10,788
150
Metal ore mining
1,900
2,496
1,918
3,937
107
Other mining and services to mining
-297
187
355
-444
-49
Total
6,789
7,290
7,852
16,121
137

Source: Australian Mining Industry (8414.0); Mining Operations, Australia (8415.0).


Previous PageNext Page


Bookmark and Share. Opens in a new window


Commonwealth of Australia 2014

Unless otherwise noted, content on this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia Licence together with any terms, conditions and exclusions as set out in the website Copyright notice. For permission to do anything beyond the scope of this licence and copyright terms contact us.